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Understanding Business Chapter 8

カード 26枚 作成者: Sean (作成日: 2013/12/10)

  • Economies of Scale

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Economies of Scale

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The situation in which companies can reduce their production costs if they can purchase raw materials in bulk; the average cost of goods goes down as production levels increase.

    解説

  • 2

    Hierarchy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A system in which one person is at the top of the organization and there is a ranked or sequential ordering from the top down of managers who are responsible to that person.

    解説

  • 3

    Bureaucracy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An organization with many layers of managers who set rules and regulations and oversee all decisions.

    解説

  • 4

    Chain of Command

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The line of authority that moves from the top of a hierarchy to the lowest level.

    解説

  • 5

    Span of Control

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The optimum number of subordinates a manager supervises or should supervise.

    解説

  • 6

    Centralized Authority

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An organization structure in which decision-making authority is maintained at the top level of management at the company's headquarters.

    解説

  • 7

    Decentralized Authority

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An organization structure in which decision-making authority is delegated to lower-level managers more familiar with local conditions than headquarters management could be.

    解説

  • 8

    Tall Organization Structure

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An organizational structure in which the pyramidal organization chart would be quite tall because of the various levels of management.

    解説

  • 9

    Flat Organization Structure

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An organization structure that has few layers of management and a broad span of control.

    解説

  • 10

    Departmentalization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The dividing of organizational functions into separate units.

    解説

  • 11

    Line Organization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An organization that has direct two-way lines of responsibility, authority, and communication running from the top to the bottom of the organization, with all people reporting to only one supervisor.

    解説

  • 12

    Staff Personnel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Employees who advise and assist line personnel in meeting their goals.

    解説

  • 13

    Line Personnel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Employees who are part of the chain of command that is responsible for achieving organizational goals.

    解説

  • 14

    Matrix Organization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An organization in which specialists from different parts of the organization are brought together to work on specific projects but still remain part of a line-and-staff structure.

    解説

  • 15

    Cross-Functional Self-Managed Teams

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Groups of employees from different departments who work together on a long-term basis.

    解説

  • 16

    Virtual Corporation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A temporary networked organization made up of replaceable firms that join and leave as needed.

    解説

  • 17

    Networking

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Using communications technology and other means to link organizations and allow them to work together on common objectives.

    解説

  • 18

    Real Time

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The present moment or the actual time in which something takes place.

    解説

  • 19

    Benchmarking

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Comparing an organization's practices, processes, and products against the world's best.

    解説

  • 20

    Core Competencies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Those functions that the organization can do as well as or better than any other organization in the world.

    解説

  • 21

    Digital Natives

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Young people who have grown up using the Internet and social networking.

    解説

  • 22

    Restructuring

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Redesigning an organization so that it can more effectively and efficiently serve its customers.

    解説

  • 23

    Inverted Organization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An organization that has contact people at the top and the chief executive officer at the bottom of the organization chart.

    解説

  • 24

    Organizational (or corporate) Culture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • . Widely shared values within an organization that provide unity and cooperation to achieve common goals.

    解説

  • 25

    Formal Organization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The structure that details lines of responsibility, authority, and position; that is, the structure shown on organization charts.

    解説

  • 26

    Informal Organization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The system that develops spontaneously as employees meet and form cliques, relationships, and lines of authority outside the formal organization; that is, the human side of the organization that does not appear on any organization chart.

    解説

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