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カード 51枚 作成者: Ellen (作成日: 2013/12/05)

  • David Levinson and colleagues at Yale University researched the stages of male adult development and concluded that

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  • 1

    David Levinson and colleagues at Yale University researched the stages of male adult development and concluded that

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • most men do go through a midlife crisis, and many are likely to make drastic changes in their lives at this time

    解説

  • 2

    Erik Erikson deems the central task of middle age to be resolving the issue of:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • generativity vs. stagnation

    解説

  • 3

    Developmentalists McAdams and de St. Aubin see ________ as springing from two deeply rooted desires: the communal need to nurture and the personal desire to do something or be something that transcends death.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • generativity

    解説

  • 4

    Robert Peck’s aspect of midlife that concerns the ability to become emotionally flexible is called:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • emotional flexibility vs. emotional impoverishment

    解説

  • 5

    According to Peck, individuals cultivate greater understanding and compassion when they confront the midlife task of:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • socializing vs. sexualizing in human relationships

    解説

  • 6

    Until recently, most psychologists believed that personality patterns are established during early childhood and then remained relatively stable throughout life. Which model is being described?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Trait model

    解説

  • 7

    Neugarten suggests that middle age typically brings a(n):

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • different reactions by socioeconomic status

    解説

  • 8

    According to Gutmann, in later life those people who age successfully tend toward androgyny,

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • male-typed and female-typed characteristics in one personality which is:

    解説

  • 9

    The capacity of individuals to undergo continual change in order to adapt successfully and cope flexibly with the demands and responsibilities of life best defines:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • maturity

    解説

  • 10

    The view we have of ourselves through time as “the real me” is referred to as:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • self-concept

    解説

  • 11

    The mature personality will have which traits?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (all of these) relate warmly to others, possess emotional security, wide sense of self

    解説

  • 12

    Which substage of Levinson’s model of male development includes reappraisal and exploration of one’s self?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Age 50 transtition

    解説

  • 13

    Women in Levinson’s model constituted three groups. What are these groups?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • NOT Women professional athletes—women in academia, homemakers, women in the corporate world

    解説

  • 14

    The study of aging and the special problems of the elderly is ________, whereas the branch of 

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • gerontology

    解説

  • 15

    medicine that is concerned with the mental health of elderly persons is ________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • geropsychology

    解説

  • 16

    An area of the world where people typically live until very old age is:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Nova Scotia

    解説

  • 17

    A substantial rise in elderly population will most likely occur around what time, when the baby boom generation passes 65?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2010-2030

    解説

  • 18

    The fastest growing part of the American population currently is:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Those reaching age 85

    解説

  • 19

    Women seem to be more durable organisms than men because:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • of inherited sex-linked resistance to some types of life-threatening disease

    解説

  • 20

    Regarding the future of the Social Security system, one can probably anticipate that:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the ratio of support from contributions to beneficiaries will continue to decrase

    解説

  • 21

    If a woman is a widow and was not employed during her lifetime, she is likely to receive a monthly Social Security benefit of how much based on her husband’s previous benefit of $850?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • About $425

    解説

  • 22

    In order to combat the effects of aging through physical fitness, elderly individuals:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • need to perform aerobic exercises as well as strength training

    解説

  • 23

    Most communities, through their own utility companies, accept donations for the elderly poor to heat their living space during the cold months because the elderly are susceptible to a medical condition called:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hypothermia

    解説

  • 24

    The biological theory of aging that proposes the body’s natural defenses against infection begin to attack normal cells is called ________ theory.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • autoimmune

    解説

  • 25

    Longevity assurance theory, proposed by Sacher, takes a different perspective on the aging process by supporting that:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the favorable genes that repair other cells are passed along by evolutuion

    解説

  • 26

    What are the characteristics of senility?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • NOT impaired hearing; progressivemental deterioration, memory loss, disorientation to time and place

    解説

  • 27

    According to Erik Erikson, those in late adulthood are confronted with which task that might lead to wisdom?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Integrity vs. dispair

    解説

  • 28

    According to Peck, an elderly person who sees himself as having multiple dimensions and as pursuing new ways of finding a sense of satisfaction is demonstrating:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ego differentiation

    解説

  • 29

    What does Peck say happens to men and women who equate pleasure with physical comfort and wellbeing?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • They are affected significantly by the decline in their health and strength

    解説

  • 30

    By “ego transcendence,” Peck means that the elderly:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • come to see themselves libing on after death via their contributions

    解説

  • 31

    According to Neugarten’s research on personality and patterns of aging, what term does she use to describe those people who place a premium on staying young, remaining active, and refusing to grow old?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reorganizers

    解説

  • 32

    In Neugarten’s study of personality patterns in the aged, she describes the disintegrated elderly as:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • revealing defects in their psychological and thought process

    解説

  • 33

    The Harvard graduates’ longitudinal study found that which personality traits are associated with those making the best emotional adjustments in their later years?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Organized, dependable, sincere

    解説

  • 34

    According to what theory does a gradual and mutually satisfying process occur in the course of aging in which society and the individual prepare in advance for incapacitating disease and death?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • disengagement

    解説

  • 35

    According to activity theory, as people age they:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • decrease social interaction as a result of societys withdrawing from the aging person

    解説

  • 36

    The role exit theory, formulated by Blau and supported by Rosow, states that as Americans age, they:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • lose basic identity by losing chances to be socially useful

    解説

  • 37

    The social exchange theory of aging suggests that the elderly find themselves in a state of increasing vulnerability because:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • as they age, they have less to offer to society than in the past

    解説

  • 38

    The ________ theory assumes that the position of the aged in pre-industrial, traditional societies is high because the aged tend to accumulate knowledge and control through their years of experience.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • modernization

    解説

  • 39

    According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, by the year 2000 only one in ________ men 60 years and over will be working.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 5.5 million

    解説

  • 40

    Thanatology involves:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the study of death

    解説

  • 41

    Life-extending technologies have compelled courts and legislatures to accept a standard for death—one that is agreed upon by the American Bar Association, American Medical Association, and Presidential Commission. According to this standard, death is when:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a person’s brain and brain stem register no activity

    解説

  • 42

    The death-drop phenomenon refers to:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the systematic psychological changes that occur before death

    解説

  • 43

    According to Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, a thanatologist and leading advocate for restoring dignity to dying, typically a terminally ill person’s first response to impending death is:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • denial

    解説

  • 44

    Kübler-Ross distinguishes five stages of a process through which dying people typically pass. In the middle phase, dying individuals try to arrange a truce with the illness in order to prolong their lives (“If only I can live through our family gathering at Christmas, I’ll be ready to go.”), and Kübler-Ross calls this the stage of:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bargaining

    解説

  • 45

    Dying people often mourn their own deaths, the loss of all the people and things they have found meaningful, and the plans and dreams that will never be fulfilled. Kübler-Ross calls this:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • preparatory greif

    解説

  • 46

    Most people who are aware of their impending death desire to die where?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • At home, among loved ones, and in familiar surroundings

    解説

  • 47

    Kastenbaum’s criticism of Kübler-Ross’s stage theory of death includes what?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The lack of recognition of the “preparatory greif” time

    解説

  • 48

    The death awareness movement asserts that:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a basic human right is the power to control one’s own dying process

    解説

  • 49

    “Any clinical circumstance in which the doctor and consultants conclude that further treatment cannot, within a reasonable possibility, cure, palliate, ameliorate, or restore a quality of life that would be satisfactory to the patient” describes:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the futile care

    解説

  • 50

    Because of a Supreme Court ruling stating that when a permanently unconscious person has left no clear instructions, a state is free to carry out its interest in the protection and preservation of human life, more people are preparing a legal document recognized in most states that describes one’s wishes regarding life-sustaining technology and treatment when one is dying. What is this document?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A living will

    解説

  • 51

    Another term for “mercy killing” is:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • euthanasia

    解説

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