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Abnormal Psychology

カード 51枚 作成者: Ellen (作成日: 2013/12/05)

  • Panic Disorder

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  • 1

    Panic Disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sudden burst of anxiety symptoms, feel out of control, and think they are dying.

    解説

  • 2

    Bipolar II Disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one or more Major Depressive Episodes, accompanied by at least one Hypomanic Episode.

    解説

  • 3

    Primary Insomnia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep, or nonrestorative sleep, for at least one month.

    解説

  • 4

    Breathing-related sleep disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sleep disruption leading to excessive sleepiness or insomnia that is due to a sleep-related breathing condition, such as apnea.

    解説

  • 5

    Nightmare disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Repeated awakenings with detailed recall of extended and extremely frightening dreams. Usually involving threats to survival, security, or self-esteem; on awakening, the person is alert and oriented.

    解説

  • 6

    Frotteurism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sexual gratification is obtained by rubbing one’s genitals against or fondling the body parts of a nonconsenting person.

    解説

  • 7

    Depersonalization Disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • frequent episodes in which the individual feels detached from his or her mental state or body. The person does not develop new identities or have amnesia for these episodes.

    解説

  • 8

    Acute Stress Disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • symptoms are similar to those of PTSD, but occurs within one month of a stressor and is less than four weeks in duration.

    解説

  • 9

    Pain Disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • history of complaints about pain for which medical attention has been sought but that appears to have no physical cause.

    解説

  • 10

    Premature ejaculation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In ability to delay ejaculation as desired.

    解説

  • 11

    Conversion Disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • loss of functioning in a part of the body for psychological rather than physical reasons.

    解説

  • 12

    Voyeurism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sexual arousal is obtained by compulsively and secretly watching another person undressing, bathing, engaging in sex, or being naked.

    解説

  • 13

    Circadian rhythm sleep disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sleep disruption leading to excessive sleepiness or insomnia that is due to a mismatch between the sleep-wake schedule required by a person’s environment and his or her circadian sleep-wake pattern.

    解説

  • 14

    Exhibitionism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sexual gratification is obtained by exposing one’s genitals to observers.

    解説

  • 15

    Bulimia Nervosa

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Uncontrolled binge eating, followed by behaviors designed to prevent weight gain, such as purging, fasting, and excessive exercising. People with the purging type of bulimia nervosa use self-induced vomiting, diuretics, or laxatives to prevent weight gain. People with the nonpurging type use fasting and exercise to prevent weight gain.

    解説

  • 16

    Dissociative Amnesia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the person loses memory of important personal facts, including personal identity, with no apparent organic cause.

    解説

  • 17

    Agoraphobia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fear of places where help might not be available in case of an emergency.

    解説

  • 18

    Major Depressive Episode

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a period of at least two weeks during which there is either depressed mood or the loss of interest or pleasure in nearly all activities.

    解説

  • 19

    Sexual Sadism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sexual gratification is obtained through inflicting pain and humiliation on one’s partner.

    解説

  • 20

    Hypochondriasis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • chronic worry that one has a physical disease in the absence of evidence that one does; frequent seeking or medical attention.

    解説

  • 21

    Dissociative Identity Disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • separate, multiple personalities in the same individual. The personalities may be aware of each other or may have amnesia for each other.

    解説

  • 22

    Dyspareunia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Genital pain associated with intercourse.

    解説

  • 23

    Female sexual arousal disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Recurrent inability to attain and maintain the swelling-lubrication response of sexual excitement.

    解説

  • 24

    Somatization Disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • history of complaints about physical symptoms, affecting many different areas of the body, for which medical attention has been sought but that appear to have no physical cause.

    解説

  • 25

    Mixed Episode

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a period of time (lasting at least one week) in which the criteria are met both for a Manic Episode and for a Major Depressive Episode nearly every day.

    解説

  • 26

    Male orgasmic disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Recurrent delay or absence of orgasm following sexual excitement.

    解説

  • 27

    Primary Hypersomnia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Excessive sleepiness for at least one month, as evidenced by either prolonged sleep episodes or daytime sleep episodes that occur almost daily.

    解説

  • 28

    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a response to a traumatic experience that usually involves a significant threat to self or others. These experiences are usually outside the realm of normal human experience and involve combat, torture, rape, assault, abuse, and natural disasters. Symptoms cluster into three areas to include: re-experiencing the event; emotional numbing and detachment; hypervigilance and chronic arousal.

    解説

  • 29

    Bipolar I Disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one or more Manic or Mixed episodes, usually accompanied by Major Depressive Episodes.

    解説

  • 30

    Narcolepsy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Irresistible attacks of refreshing sleep that occur daily over at least three months, plus either sudden loss of muscle tone or recurrent intrusions of elements of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep.

    解説

  • 31

    Fetishism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A person uses inanimate objects as the preferred or exclusive source of sexual arousal

    解説

  • 32

    Cyclothymic Disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Two years of numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms that do not meet the criteria for a Manic Episode and numerous periods of depressive symptoms that do not meet the criteria for a Major Depressive Episode.

    解説

  • 33

    Dysthymic Disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a more chronic, low grade depressive disorder. Two years of depressed mood for more days than not, accompanied by additional depressive symptoms that do not meet the criteria for a Major Depressive Episode.

    解説

  • 34

    Major Depressive Disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one or more major depressive Episodes (i.e., at least 2 weeks of depressed mood or loss of interest accompanied by at least four additional symptoms of depression. Symptoms often fall into three categories to include: emotional; physiological and behavioral; cognitive.

    解説

  • 35

    Social Phobia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fear of being judged or embarrassed by others.

    解説

  • 36

    Anorexia Nervosa

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • People refuse to maintain body weight that is healthy and normal for their age and height. They have a distorted body image and intense fears of becoming fat. People with the binge/purge type periodically engage in bingeing and then purge to prevent weight gain.

    解説

  • 37

    Specific Phobia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fear of specific objects, places, or situations.

    解説

  • 38

    Male erectile disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Recurrent inability to attain or maintain an erection until the completion of sexual activity.

    解説

  • 39

    Hypoactive sexual desire disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Persistent lack of sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity.

    解説

  • 40

    Sexual Aversion Disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Persistent and extreme aversion to genital sexual contact with a sexual partner.

    解説

  • 41

    Dissociative Fugue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the person moves away and assumes a new identity, with amnesia for the previous identity. There is no switching among personalities.

    解説

  • 42

    Sleep terror disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Repeated, abrupt awakenings beginning with a panicky scream; intense fear and signs of autonomic arousal; relative unresponsiveness to the efforts or others to comfort the person; no detailed dream is recalled and there is amnesia for the event.

    解説

  • 43

    Vaginismus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Involuntary contractions of the muscles surrounding the vagina that interferes with sexual functioning.

    解説

  • 44

    Pedophilia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Adults obtain sexual gratification by engaging in sexual activities with young children.

    解説

  • 45

    Sleepwalking disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Repeated episodes of rising from the bed during sleep and walking about; while sleepwalking, the person has a blank, staring face, is relatively unresponsive to others, and can be awakened only with great difficulty; on awakening, the person has amnesia for the episode.

    解説

  • 46

    Generalized Anxiety Disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • anxious all of the time, in almost all situations. Usually accompanied by physiological symptoms of anxiety such as muscle tension, sleep disturbance, and chronic sense of restlessness.

    解説

  • 47

    Female orgasmic disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Recurrent delay in or absence of orgasm following sexual excitement.

    解説

  • 48

    Body Dysmorphic Disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • excessive preoccupation with a part of the body the person believes is defective.

    解説

  • 49

    Sexual masochism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sexual gratification is obtained through experiencing pain and humiliation at the hands of one’s partner.

    解説

  • 50

    Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • person experiences obsessions or compulsions which he or she recognizes as excessive or unreasonable.

    解説

  • 51

    Manic Episode

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a distinct period during which there is an abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood.

    解説

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