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Psycology Quiz

カード 162枚 作成者: Ellen (作成日: 2013/12/05)

  • The most effect treatment of bipolar 1 depression is a natural mineral salt called __, which reduces manid episodes in about half the patients.

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  • 1

    The most effect treatment of bipolar 1 depression is a natural mineral salt called __________, which reduces manid episodes in about half the patients.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • lithium

    解説

  • 2

    What are the three kinds of conflict?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Approach-approach, avoidance-avoidance, Approach-avoidance

    解説

  • 3

    Refers to a pattern of disregarding or violating the rights of others without feeling guilt or remorse.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Antisocial personality disorder

    解説

  • 4

    Involves numerous physiological responses that arouse and prepare the body for action.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fight-flight response

    解説

  • 5

    Refers to a pattern of being submissive and clingy because of an excessive need to be taken care of.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Dependent personality disorder

    解説

  • 6

    What are five styles of dealing with conflict?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Avoidance, Accommodation, Domination, Compromise, Integration

    解説

  • 7

    Drugs that are used to treat schizophrenia and that act primarily to reduce levels of dopamine are called_______.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • typical neuroleptic

    解説

  • 8

    can be triggered by either physical stimuli that threaten our survival or psychological that are novel, threatening, or challening.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fight-flight response

    解説

  • 9

    the theroy that, in schizophrenia, the dopamine neurotransmitter system is somehow overactive and gives rises to many of the symptoms observed in schizophrenics is called the _________ theory, which is supported by the actions of __________ drugsbut not by the action of ___________ drugs.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dopamine, typical neuroleptic, atypical neuroleptic

    解説

  • 10

    The problen arising from direct personal experience of an event that involves actual or threatned death or serious injury or from witnessing such an event or hearing off such an event happening to a, family member or close friend is called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • possttraumatic stress

    解説

  • 11

    Drugs that are used to treat schizophrenia and that reduce levels of seratoninare called____________ drugs and include clozapine.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • atypical neuroleptic

    解説

  • 12

    Directs great resources of energy to the muscles and the brain.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fight-flight response

    解説

  • 13

    The theory that underlying genetic, neurological, or physiological factors may predispose a person to developing a mood disorderis called the ____________theory of depression.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • biological

    解説

  • 14

    Was defined in the 1980sas being dpressed, aggresively competitive, easily frustrated, anxious, and angry, or some combination of these triats.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Tyoe A behavior

    解説

  • 15

    Lithium is also used to treart euphoric episodes without depression; this disorder is called__________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mania

    解説

  • 16

    Irrational, marked, and continuous fear of performing in social situations and feeling humiliated or embarrassed is called a ________________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • social phobia

    解説

  • 17

    A disorder that involves inflexible, long-standing, maladaptive traits that cause significantly impaired functioning or great distressin one's personal and social life is called a ___________ disorder.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • personality

    解説

  • 18

    The feeling of doing poorly at one's job, physically wearing out, and becoming emotionally exhausted due to intense involvement with people is called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • burnout

    解説

  • 19

    Factors such as dealing with stressors and stressful life events are believed to interact with predisposing biological influencesand contribute to the ddevlopment, onset, or maintenance of mood disorders.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • psychological factors

    解説

  • 20

    Unreasonable, marked, and persistent fears that are triggered by an anticipation of, or exposure to, a specific object or situations are called a _____________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • specific phobia

    解説

  • 21

    If a person is unable to recall important personal information or events, usually in connection with a stressful or traumatic event, and the information forgotten is too important or lengthyto be explained by noraml forgettfulness, it is called_____________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dissociative amnesia

    解説

  • 22

    Is the initial reaction to stress and is marked by activation of the fight-flight response;in turn to fight-flight respnse causes physiological arousal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Alarm stage

    解説

  • 23

    If a person experiences the presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states, each with its own pattern of perceiving, thinking about, and relating to the world, it is called __________ disorder.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dissociative identity

    解説

  • 24

    An axiety that comes from being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult or embrassing if a panic attack or paniclike symptoms where to occur is called_________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • agoraphobia

    解説

  • 25

    Negative thoughts ____________ how we perceive and interpret the world and thus influence our behaviors and feelings.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bias or distort

    解説

  • 26

    Refers to voluntarily learning to control physioogical responses, such as muscle activity, blood pressure, or temperature, by recording and displaying these responses.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Biofeedback

    解説

  • 27

    A pattern of being submissive and clingy because of an excessive need to be taken care of, which is called a ___________ disorder.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dependent

    解説

  • 28

    Although these drugs are effective, they have two problems:when individuals stop taking these drugs, the original fearful symptoms may return, which is called __________; and, if individuals are maintained on drugs for some length of time, they may develop tolerance, which means they will have to take longer doses, which in turn may cause side effects such as a loss of ___________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • relapse, memory

    解説

  • 29

    A pattern of disregarding or violating the right of others without feeling guilt or remorse, which is called an__________ disorder.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • antisocial

    解説

  • 30

    The DSM-IV-TR has five major dimensions called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • axes

    解説

  • 31

    If a person suddenly and unexpectdley travels away from home or place of work and is unable to recall the past and may assume new identity, it is called_________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dissociative fugue

    解説

  • 32

    The manual that describes the symptoms for almost 300 different mental disorders is called the_______________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV-TR

    解説

  • 33

    A dissociative disorder is characterized by a ____________ in a person's normally intergrated functions of memory, identity, or perception of the enviroment.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dissruption, split, breakdown

    解説

  • 34

    Is the body's reaction to long term, continuous stress and is marked by actual breakdown in internal organs or weakening of the infection-fighting immune system

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Exhaustion stage

    解説

  • 35

    There is eveidence that personality disorders develop from an interaction of ____________ and __________ factors.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • biological, psychological

    解説

  • 36

    This axis is used to rate the overall psydhological, social, and occupational functioning of thr individual on a scale from 10(severe danger of hurting self) to 100(superior functioning in all activities).

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Axis V

    解説

  • 37

    Beck's cognitive theoy of depression says that when we are depressed, we have automatically occurring ___________, which center aroundbeing personally inadequate.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • negative thoughts

    解説

  • 38

    Can trigger the fight-flight response and negative emotional feelings(fear,rage)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Physically or psycologiically threatening stimuli

    解説

  • 39

    An axiety disorder characterizedby an intense and irrational fear and heightened physiological arousal that is out of all proportion to the danger elicted by the object or situation is called a _________, of which there are several kinds.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • phobia

    解説

  • 40

    Referred to a combination of personality traits that included an overly competitive and aggressive drive to acheive, a hostile attitude when frustrated,a habitual sense of time urgency, a rapid and explosive pattern of speaking, and being a workaholic.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • T

    解説

  • 41

    Consist of inflexible, long standing, maladaptive triats that cause significantly impaired functioning or great distressin one's personal and social life.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Personality disorder

    解説

  • 42

    An unpleasant state in which we have feelings of uneasiness and apprehension as well as increased physiological arousal is called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • anxiety

    解説

  • 43

    This axis refers to psychosocial and enviromental problems that may affect the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of mental disorders in Axis I and II.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Axis IV

    解説

  • 44

    Is the feeling you experiencewhen you must choose between two or more incompatible possibilities or options.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Conflict

    解説

  • 45

    The DSM-IV-TR has five major dimensions, called_________, which serve as guidelines for making decisions about symptoms.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • axes

    解説

  • 46

    ________ contains list os symptoms and criteria about onset, severity, and duration of these symptoms.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Axis I

    解説

  • 47

    The manual's primary goalis to provide mental health professionals with a means of__________ mental disorders and ___________ that information in a systematic and uniform way.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • diagnosing, communicating

    解説

  • 48

    Triggers a number of psycological responses that make up the fight-flight response.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sympathetic Division

    解説

  • 49

    Another therapy that gradually exposes the person to the real anxiety-producing situations or objects that he or she has been avoiding is called_________ therapy.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • exposure

    解説

  • 50

    Classical conditioning of an emotional response to a previously neutral stimulus; the result is called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • condtioned emotional

    解説

  • 51

    This axis refers to physical disorders or conditions, such as diabetes, arthritis, and hemophilia, that have an influence on someone's mental disorders.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Axis III

    解説

  • 52

    The alarm stage is our initial reaction to stress and is marked by activation of the?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fight-fllight response

    解説

  • 53

    Is a pattern of distrust and suspiciousnessand perceiving others as having evil motives.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Paranoid personality disorder

    解説

  • 54

    What is the sequence for activation of the fight-flight response?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Appraisal, Hypothalamus, Sympathetic Division, Fight-Flight Response

    解説

  • 55

    Social and specific phobias have been successfully treated with tranquilizers called_______________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • benzodiazepines

    解説

  • 56

    The exhaustion stage is the body's reaction to long-term, continuous stress and is marked by the actual weaking of?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • internal organs or the immune system

    解説

  • 57

    A nondrug treatment combines changing negative, unhealthy, or distorted thoughts and beliefs by substituing positive, healthy, and realistic ones and learning new skills to improve functioning; this treament is called___________therapy.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cognitive behavioral

    解説

  • 58

    Is the body's reaction to continued stress during which most of the physiological responses return to normal levels but the body uses up great stores of energy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Resistance stage

    解説

  • 59

    Is characterizeed by an acute discomfort in close realtionships, distortion in thinking, and eccentric behavior.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Schizotypical personality disorder

    解説

  • 60

    Referred to a combination of personality traits that included an overly competitive and aggressive drive to acheive, a hostile attitude when frustrated,a habitual sense of time urgency, a rapid and explosive pattern of speaking, and being a workaholic.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • T

    解説

  • 61

    Is characterized by excessive emotionally and attention seeking.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Histrionic personality disorder

    解説

  • 62

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1.)Disorders usually first diagnosed in infancy, childhood or adolescence.

    解説

  • 63

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2.)Organic Mental Disorders

    解説

  • 64

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3.)Substance-related disorders

    解説

  • 65

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4.)Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders

    解説

  • 66

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 5.)Mood disorders

    解説

  • 67

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 6.)Anxiety disoreds

    解説

  • 68

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 7.)Somaoform disorders

    解説

  • 69

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 8.)Dissociative disorders

    解説

  • 70

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 9.)Sexual and gender-identity disorders

    解説

  • 71

    Is an intense interest in being orderly, achieving perfection, and having control.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Obsessive-complusive personality disorder

    解説

  • 72

    Was defined in 1990s as an individual who feels angry hostile much of the time but may or may not express these emotions publicly.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Type A behavoir

    解説

  • 73

    A series of three stages-alarm, resistance, and exhaustion-that the body goes through in dealing with stress is referred to as?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • General Adaption Syndrome

    解説

  • 74

    The resistance stages is the body's reaction to continued stress and is marked by most physiological responses returning to ___________ levels.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • normal

    解説

  • 75

    When our attempts to reach some goal are blocked, the feeling we have is called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • frustration

    解説

  • 76

    What are the three stages os the general adaption syndrome?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Alarm stage, Resistance Stage, Exhaustion stage

    解説

  • 77

    Referred to a combination of personality traits that included an overly competitive and aggressive drive to acheive, a hostile attitude when frustrated,a habitual sense of time urgency, a rapid and explosive pattern of speaking, and being a workaholic.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Type A behavior

    解説

  • 78

    A form of learning that develops through watching and doess not require any observable behavioror reinforcer; this is called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • observational learning

    解説

  • 79

    Refers to the body's reaction to stressful situation which it goes through a series of three stages, that gradually increase the chances of developing psychosomatic symptoms.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • General Adaption Syndrome

    解説

  • 80

    This axis refers to diorders that involve patterns of personality traits that are long-standing, maladaptive, and inflexible and involve impaired functioning or subjective distess.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Axis II

    解説

  • 81

    According to Freud, anxiety arises when the id and superego disagree, resulting in an____________ conflict, which results in the ego producing a feeling of anxiety.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • unconscious

    解説

  • 82

    The most effect treatment of bipolar 1 depression is a natural mineral salt called __________, which reduces manid episodes in about half the patients.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • lithium

    解説

  • 83

    What are the three kinds of conflict?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Approach-approach, avoidance-avoidance, Approach-avoidance

    解説

  • 84

    Refers to a pattern of disregarding or violating the rights of others without feeling guilt or remorse.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Antisocial personality disorder

    解説

  • 85

    Involves numerous physiological responses that arouse and prepare the body for action.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fight-flight response

    解説

  • 86

    Refers to a pattern of being submissive and clingy because of an excessive need to be taken care of.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Dependent personality disorder

    解説

  • 87

    What are five styles of dealing with conflict?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Avoidance, Accommodation, Domination, Compromise, Integration

    解説

  • 88

    Drugs that are used to treat schizophrenia and that act primarily to reduce levels of dopamine are called_______.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • typical neuroleptic

    解説

  • 89

    can be triggered by either physical stimuli that threaten our survival or psychological that are novel, threatening, or challening.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fight-flight response

    解説

  • 90

    the theroy that, in schizophrenia, the dopamine neurotransmitter system is somehow overactive and gives rises to many of the symptoms observed in schizophrenics is called the _________ theory, which is supported by the actions of __________ drugsbut not by the action of ___________ drugs.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dopamine, typical neuroleptic, atypical neuroleptic

    解説

  • 91

    The problen arising from direct personal experience of an event that involves actual or threatned death or serious injury or from witnessing such an event or hearing off such an event happening to a, family member or close friend is called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • possttraumatic stress

    解説

  • 92

    Drugs that are used to treat schizophrenia and that reduce levels of seratoninare called____________ drugs and include clozapine.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • atypical neuroleptic

    解説

  • 93

    Directs great resources of energy to the muscles and the brain.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fight-flight response

    解説

  • 94

    The theory that underlying genetic, neurological, or physiological factors may predispose a person to developing a mood disorderis called the ____________theory of depression.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • biological

    解説

  • 95

    Was defined in the 1980sas being dpressed, aggresively competitive, easily frustrated, anxious, and angry, or some combination of these triats.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Tyoe A behavior

    解説

  • 96

    Lithium is also used to treart euphoric episodes without depression; this disorder is called__________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mania

    解説

  • 97

    Irrational, marked, and continuous fear of performing in social situations and feeling humiliated or embarrassed is called a ________________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • social phobia

    解説

  • 98

    A disorder that involves inflexible, long-standing, maladaptive traits that cause significantly impaired functioning or great distressin one's personal and social life is called a ___________ disorder.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • personality

    解説

  • 99

    The feeling of doing poorly at one's job, physically wearing out, and becoming emotionally exhausted due to intense involvement with people is called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • burnout

    解説

  • 100

    Factors such as dealing with stressors and stressful life events are believed to interact with predisposing biological influencesand contribute to the ddevlopment, onset, or maintenance of mood disorders.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • psychological factors

    解説

  • 101

    Unreasonable, marked, and persistent fears that are triggered by an anticipation of, or exposure to, a specific object or situations are called a _____________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • specific phobia

    解説

  • 102

    If a person is unable to recall important personal information or events, usually in connection with a stressful or traumatic event, and the information forgotten is too important or lengthyto be explained by noraml forgettfulness, it is called_____________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dissociative amnesia

    解説

  • 103

    Is the initial reaction to stress and is marked by activation of the fight-flight response;in turn to fight-flight respnse causes physiological arousal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Alarm stage

    解説

  • 104

    If a person experiences the presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states, each with its own pattern of perceiving, thinking about, and relating to the world, it is called __________ disorder.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dissociative identity

    解説

  • 105

    An axiety that comes from being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult or embrassing if a panic attack or paniclike symptoms where to occur is called_________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • agoraphobia

    解説

  • 106

    Negative thoughts ____________ how we perceive and interpret the world and thus influence our behaviors and feelings.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bias or distort

    解説

  • 107

    Refers to voluntarily learning to control physioogical responses, such as muscle activity, blood pressure, or temperature, by recording and displaying these responses.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Biofeedback

    解説

  • 108

    A pattern of being submissive and clingy because of an excessive need to be taken care of, which is called a ___________ disorder.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dependent

    解説

  • 109

    Although these drugs are effective, they have two problems:when individuals stop taking these drugs, the original fearful symptoms may return, which is called __________; and, if individuals are maintained on drugs for some length of time, they may develop tolerance, which means they will have to take longer doses, which in turn may cause side effects such as a loss of ___________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • relapse, memory

    解説

  • 110

    A pattern of disregarding or violating the right of others without feeling guilt or remorse, which is called an__________ disorder.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • antisocial

    解説

  • 111

    The DSM-IV-TR has five major dimensions called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • axes

    解説

  • 112

    If a person suddenly and unexpectdley travels away from home or place of work and is unable to recall the past and may assume new identity, it is called_________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dissociative fugue

    解説

  • 113

    The manual that describes the symptoms for almost 300 different mental disorders is called the_______________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV-TR

    解説

  • 114

    A dissociative disorder is characterized by a ____________ in a person's normally intergrated functions of memory, identity, or perception of the enviroment.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dissruption, split, breakdown

    解説

  • 115

    Is the body's reaction to long term, continuous stress and is marked by actual breakdown in internal organs or weakening of the infection-fighting immune system

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Exhaustion stage

    解説

  • 116

    There is eveidence that personality disorders develop from an interaction of ____________ and __________ factors.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • biological, psychological

    解説

  • 117

    This axis is used to rate the overall psydhological, social, and occupational functioning of thr individual on a scale from 10(severe danger of hurting self) to 100(superior functioning in all activities).

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Axis V

    解説

  • 118

    Beck's cognitive theoy of depression says that when we are depressed, we have automatically occurring ___________, which center aroundbeing personally inadequate.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • negative thoughts

    解説

  • 119

    Can trigger the fight-flight response and negative emotional feelings(fear,rage)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Physically or psycologiically threatening stimuli

    解説

  • 120

    An axiety disorder characterizedby an intense and irrational fear and heightened physiological arousal that is out of all proportion to the danger elicted by the object or situation is called a _________, of which there are several kinds.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • phobia

    解説

  • 121

    Referred to a combination of personality traits that included an overly competitive and aggressive drive to acheive, a hostile attitude when frustrated,a habitual sense of time urgency, a rapid and explosive pattern of speaking, and being a workaholic.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • T

    解説

  • 122

    Consist of inflexible, long standing, maladaptive triats that cause significantly impaired functioning or great distressin one's personal and social life.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Personality disorder

    解説

  • 123

    An unpleasant state in which we have feelings of uneasiness and apprehension as well as increased physiological arousal is called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • anxiety

    解説

  • 124

    This axis refers to psychosocial and enviromental problems that may affect the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of mental disorders in Axis I and II.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Axis IV

    解説

  • 125

    Is the feeling you experiencewhen you must choose between two or more incompatible possibilities or options.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Conflict

    解説

  • 126

    The DSM-IV-TR has five major dimensions, called_________, which serve as guidelines for making decisions about symptoms.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • axes

    解説

  • 127

    ________ contains list os symptoms and criteria about onset, severity, and duration of these symptoms.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Axis I

    解説

  • 128

    The manual's primary goalis to provide mental health professionals with a means of__________ mental disorders and ___________ that information in a systematic and uniform way.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • diagnosing, communicating

    解説

  • 129

    Triggers a number of psycological responses that make up the fight-flight response.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sympathetic Division

    解説

  • 130

    Another therapy that gradually exposes the person to the real anxiety-producing situations or objects that he or she has been avoiding is called_________ therapy.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • exposure

    解説

  • 131

    Classical conditioning of an emotional response to a previously neutral stimulus; the result is called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • condtioned emotional

    解説

  • 132

    This axis refers to physical disorders or conditions, such as diabetes, arthritis, and hemophilia, that have an influence on someone's mental disorders.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Axis III

    解説

  • 133

    The alarm stage is our initial reaction to stress and is marked by activation of the?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fight-fllight response

    解説

  • 134

    Is a pattern of distrust and suspiciousnessand perceiving others as having evil motives.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Paranoid personality disorder

    解説

  • 135

    What is the sequence for activation of the fight-flight response?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Appraisal, Hypothalamus, Sympathetic Division, Fight-Flight Response

    解説

  • 136

    Social and specific phobias have been successfully treated with tranquilizers called_______________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • benzodiazepines

    解説

  • 137

    The exhaustion stage is the body's reaction to long-term, continuous stress and is marked by the actual weaking of?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • internal organs or the immune system

    解説

  • 138

    A nondrug treatment combines changing negative, unhealthy, or distorted thoughts and beliefs by substituing positive, healthy, and realistic ones and learning new skills to improve functioning; this treament is called___________therapy.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cognitive behavioral

    解説

  • 139

    Is the body's reaction to continued stress during which most of the physiological responses return to normal levels but the body uses up great stores of energy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Resistance stage

    解説

  • 140

    Is characterizeed by an acute discomfort in close realtionships, distortion in thinking, and eccentric behavior.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Schizotypical personality disorder

    解説

  • 141

    Referred to a combination of personality traits that included an overly competitive and aggressive drive to acheive, a hostile attitude when frustrated,a habitual sense of time urgency, a rapid and explosive pattern of speaking, and being a workaholic.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • T

    解説

  • 142

    Is characterized by excessive emotionally and attention seeking.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Histrionic personality disorder

    解説

  • 143

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1.)Disorders usually first diagnosed in infancy, childhood or adolescence.

    解説

  • 144

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2.)Organic Mental Disorders

    解説

  • 145

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3.)Substance-related disorders

    解説

  • 146

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4.)Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders

    解説

  • 147

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 5.)Mood disorders

    解説

  • 148

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 6.)Anxiety disoreds

    解説

  • 149

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 7.)Somaoform disorders

    解説

  • 150

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 8.)Dissociative disorders

    解説

  • 151

    What are the 9 major clinical syndromes of Axis I?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 9.)Sexual and gender-identity disorders

    解説

  • 152

    Is an intense interest in being orderly, achieving perfection, and having control.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Obsessive-complusive personality disorder

    解説

  • 153

    Was defined in 1990s as an individual who feels angry hostile much of the time but may or may not express these emotions publicly.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Type A behavoir

    解説

  • 154

    A series of three stages-alarm, resistance, and exhaustion-that the body goes through in dealing with stress is referred to as?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • General Adaption Syndrome

    解説

  • 155

    The resistance stages is the body's reaction to continued stress and is marked by most physiological responses returning to ___________ levels.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • normal

    解説

  • 156

    When our attempts to reach some goal are blocked, the feeling we have is called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • frustration

    解説

  • 157

    What are the three stages os the general adaption syndrome?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Alarm stage, Resistance Stage, Exhaustion stage

    解説

  • 158

    Referred to a combination of personality traits that included an overly competitive and aggressive drive to acheive, a hostile attitude when frustrated,a habitual sense of time urgency, a rapid and explosive pattern of speaking, and being a workaholic.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Type A behavior

    解説

  • 159

    A form of learning that develops through watching and doess not require any observable behavioror reinforcer; this is called?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • observational learning

    解説

  • 160

    Refers to the body's reaction to stressful situation which it goes through a series of three stages, that gradually increase the chances of developing psychosomatic symptoms.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • General Adaption Syndrome

    解説

  • 161

    This axis refers to diorders that involve patterns of personality traits that are long-standing, maladaptive, and inflexible and involve impaired functioning or subjective distess.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Axis II

    解説

  • 162

    According to Freud, anxiety arises when the id and superego disagree, resulting in an____________ conflict, which results in the ego producing a feeling of anxiety.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • unconscious

    解説

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