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Development Through Life

カード 46枚 作成者: Ellen (作成日: 2013/12/05)

  • social competence

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  • 1

    social competence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • all the skills involved in child's ability to form and maintain positive relationships w/others

    解説

  • 2

    3 contributions of friendship to social development

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1) appreciation of many points of view;

    解説

  • 3

    3 contributions of friendship to social development

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2) sensitivity to social norms & pressures of peer group;

    解説

  • 4

    3 contributions of friendship to social development

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3) value of emotional closeness to a peer

    解説

  • 5

    perspective taking

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an understanding of the limits of one's own point of view, developed as children interact w/peers who see the world differently

    解説

  • 6

    conformity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • children learn to dress, talk, and joke in ways acceptable to their peers; they also limit certain emotional reactions in order to present a cool, competent public image to their peers.

    解説

  • 7

    close friendships

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • characterized by high levels of shared activity, companionship, ease of conflict resolution, etc

    解説

  • 8

    cognitive restructuring techniques

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • identify thoughts that increase strong emotions like anger, anxiety or sadness, challenge their accuracy, and replace them w/ interpretations more suitable to adaptive behavior.

    解説

  • 9

    aggressive-rejected children

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Bullies;are more likely than non-aggressive children to attribute hostile intentions to others (see p 297).

    解説

  • 10

    concrete operational thought

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • new form of thinking that develops around age 6 or 7 which guides thought by imposing logical rules on one's own judgements, leading to acceptance of certain inferences that adhere to the logic as more compelling or convincing than others.

    解説

  • 11

    withdrawn

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • inhibited, anxious, and interpersonally reserved. Have a negative self-concept & tend to interpret negative peer reactions as resulting from their own personal failings

    解説

  • 12

    aggressive withdrawn

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • exhibit anxiety, poor self-control, & social withdrawal in addition to aggressive behavior

    解説

  • 13

    operation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an action performed on an object

    解説

  • 14

    mental operation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • action carried out in thought rather than behavior

    解説

  • 15

    concrete thinking

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • thinking characterized by difficulty entertaining hypotheses or propositions. Focused on real objects that exist in the world.

    解説

  • 16

    reciprocity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • when child can simultaneously manipulate 2 dimensions, such as circumference & thickness

    解説

  • 17

    conservation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • physical matter does not magically appear or disappear despite changes in form, shape or container.

    解説

  • 18

    classification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ability to identify properties of categories, to relate categories or classes to one another, & to use categorical info to solve problems

    解説

  • 19

    conservation of number

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • understanding that certain physical transformations will not alter the number of units in a set. (acquired around age 6 or 7.)

    解説

  • 20

    metacognition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • refers to a range of processes and strategies used to assess and monitor knowledge. Includes the feeling of knowing that accomplished problem solving..

    解説

  • 21

    components of concrete operational thought

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Conservation; Classification; Computational Skills

    解説

  • 22

    Computational Skills

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ability to understand that numbers represent quantities; ability to manipulate quantities using the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division

    解説

  • 23

    Piaget's 4 types of intelligence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sensorimotor; representational; concrete operational; formal operational

    解説

  • 24

    sensorimotor intelligence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ability to know thru direct observation & manipulation of objects

    解説

  • 25

    representational intelligence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ability to distinguish b/w real & pretend; to think abou & represent objects and events that are not present

    解説

  • 26

    concrete operational intelligence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ability to detect logical relationships among objects, to place objects in sequences, & to comprehend & manipulate numbers

    解説

  • 27

    formal operational intelligence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ability to use experimental techniques & hypothetical reasoning to solve problems

    解説

  • 28

    phonemic awareness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • knowing the sound of a letter

    解説

  • 29

    reading fluency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • accuracy & speed w/which children read words in a text

    解説

  • 30

    self evaluation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • process whereby children strive to match their achievements to internalized goals & self standards

    解説

  • 31

    pride

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • happiness felt at success in a task

    解説

  • 32

    enactive attainments

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • prior experiences of mastery in kind of tasks that are being confronted

    解説

  • 33

    vicarious experience

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • seeing another person similar to oneself perform a task successfully

    解説

  • 34

    physical state

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • people monitor their body states in making judgements about whether they can do well or not. If anxious or frightened, more likely to anticipate failure.

    解説

  • 35

    verbal persuasion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • encouragement

    解説

  • 36

    false prophecy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • false or inaccurate beliefs can produce a reality that corresponds to them

    解説

  • 37

    illusions of incompetence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • when some children who perform well on academic tests perceive themselves as below average in academic ability

    解説

  • 38

    illusions of competence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • substantial overestimate of abilities by children who perform in bottom % on academic tests

    解説

  • 39

    inferiority

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • feelings of worthlessness & inadequacy that come from the self & the social environment

    解説

  • 40

    organ inferiority

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • any physical or mental limitation that prevents acquisition of certain skills

    解説

  • 41

    learned helplessness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • belief that success or failure have little to do with one's efforts & are largely outside of one's control

    解説

  • 42

    competence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ability to make sense of and master demands of a situation

    解説

  • 43

    inertia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • antipathic counterpart to industry characterized by withdrawal & passivity & disbelief that one can master challenges

    解説

  • 44

    posttraumatic stress disorder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • disorder that can result from grave threat to personal safety or injury, witnessing threat or injury to another person, or learning about threat or injury to loved one. Response of intense fear, helplessness or horror, vivid recollections or dreams of event with accompanying strong emotional reactions.

    解説

  • 45

    hypervigilance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • increased arousal, directing attention to threat-related stimuli

    解説

  • 46

    hyperarousal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • includes startle response, increases in heart rate, sleep disturbances, anxiety, motor hyperactivity or dissociation, gI upset, & pain.

    解説

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