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Positive Psychology Exam 1

カード 67枚 作成者: Ellen (作成日: 2013/12/05)

  • Resiliency

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  • 1

    Resiliency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - a pattern of positive adaptation in the face of significant adversity

    解説

  • 2

    Resiliency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - anticipating the future, appraising and reappraising goals, adjusting to current realities, and regulating expectations so as to maintain a sense of well-being in the face of changing circumstances

    解説

  • 3

    Anthony (1987) Study on Childhood Resiliency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Followed 300 children of schizophrenic parents for twelve years and found that about 10% of the children were very well adjusted in public schools in spite of the bizarre home environment

    解説

  • 4

    Anthony (1987) Study on Childhood Resiliency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - main difference in these children was that they could detach themselves from their schizophrenic parents

    解説

  • 5

    Protective Buffers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "-a core group of characteristics that were common among resilient children 1. able to find a nurturing surrogate parent (often a close relationship with a teacher who served as a role model)"

    解説

  • 6

    Protective Buffers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "-a core group of characteristics that were common among resilient children 2. good social skills and at least one close friend. desire to help others and provide nuturance"

    解説

  • 7

    Protective Buffers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "-a core group of characteristics that were common among resilient children 3. had creative outlets, activities or hobbies that they could focus on"

    解説

  • 8

    Protective Buffers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "-a core group of characteristics that were common among resilient children 4. families with religious beliefs that provided meaning in difficult times"

    解説

  • 9

    Gender Differences in Resiliency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - Boys: important factors for resiliency were a household with good structure and rules, a male role model, and encouragement of emotional expressiveness. 

    解説

  • 10

    Gender Differences in Resiliency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - Girls: important factors were homes that emphasized risk taking and independence and also provided reliable support from an older female

    解説

  • 11

    Two Forms of Knowledge

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "1. LOGOS - knowledge gained through the use of analytical, propositional, and formal logic 2. MYTHOS - knowledge gained through speech, narrative, plot, or dialogue"

    解説

  • 12

    Two Forms of Wisdom

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "1. PRACTICAL WISDOM - consists of exceptional abilities such as good interpersonal skills, clarity of thinking, greater tolerance, and generativity 2. TRANSFORMATIVE WISDOM - has a spiritual quality and deals with the limits of knowledge, the rich complexity of human experience, and a sense of transcending the personal and individual aspects of human experience"

    解説

  • 13

    Greatest Predictor of Wisdom

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "- COGNITIVE STYLE (35%) - Life Experiences (26%) - Personality Traits (21%) - Intelligence (15%) - Age (3%)"

    解説

  • 14

    Carl Rogers Reason Why we Stop Self-Actualizing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - beings when we deny our experiences of self and the world in order to gain acceptance and approval from others

    解説

  • 15

    The Jonah Complex

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - the evasion of growth and fulfilling one's best talents

    解説

  • 16

    The Jonah Complex

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - many people reject personal growth because they fear they will lose others' approval

    解説

  • 17

    The Jonah Complex

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - others because they fear the responsibility that comes with greatness

    解説

  • 18

    Authenticity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The ability to recognize and take responsibility for one's own psychological experiences & the ability to act in ways that are consistent with those experiences

    解説

  • 19

    Harter's Idea About What Causes Inauthenticity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - authenticity is blocked by society

    解説

  • 20

    Harter's Idea About What Causes Inauthenticity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - the need for self-presentation is perpetuated by parents, friends, or society

    解説

  • 21

    Harter's Idea About What Causes Inauthenticity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - behavior may be restricted by society, even if you wish to present authenticity

    解説

  • 22

    Harter's Idea About What Causes Inauthenticity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - inauthentic social presentation can be perpetuated by being rewarded or by punishing the expression of the authentic self

    解説

  • 23

    Six Universal Virtues

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Wisdom and Knowledge

    解説

  • 24

    Six Universal Virtues

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2. Courage

    解説

  • 25

    Six Universal Virtues

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3. Love and Humanity

    解説

  • 26

    Six Universal Virtues

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4. Justice

    解説

  • 27

    Six Universal Virtues

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 5. Temperance (self control)

    解説

  • 28

    Six Universal Virtues

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 6. Spirituality and Transcendence

    解説

  • 29

    The Medical Method

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - assumes that any mental illness is a distinct deviation from normality and can be identified by a unique cluster of symptoms that are caused by a specific pathogen

    解説

  • 30

    The Victim View Point

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "- a problem of viewing psychological problems as diseases... it creates a victim viewpoint - often blocks recovery because it requires that the person recognizes that THEY can change their condition through choosing to make changed in their thoughts and behavior... thus, they do not feel empowered to act"

    解説

  • 31

    Modes of Fulfillment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Efficiency 2. Creativity 3. Inner Harmony 4. Relatedness 5. Self-transcendence

    解説

  • 32

    Keys and Lopez Model for Complete Mental Health

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -- STRUGGLING: high emotional, psychological or social well-being AND high mental illness

    解説

  • 33

    Keys and Lopez Model for Complete Mental Health

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -- FLOURISHING: high emotional, psychological or social well-being AND low mental illness

    解説

  • 34

    Keys and Lopez Model for Complete Mental Health

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -- FLOUNDERING: low emotional, psychological or social well-being AND high mental illness

    解説

  • 35

    Keys and Lopez Model for Complete Mental Health

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -- LANGUISHING: low emotional, psychological or social well-being AND low mental illness

    解説

  • 36

    Effectiveness of Psychotherapy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "- studies show that about 90% of clients report substantial benefits from therapy - ""client factors"" (such as psychological strengths) account for up to 40% of improvement seen in therapy"

    解説

  • 37

    Positive Therapy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "- enhancements of positive traits, the building of strengths, and helping clients find untapped resources for positive change - instills hope and views the clients as the ""change agents"" instead of viewing the therapist this way"

    解説

  • 38

    Well-being Therapy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "- helps clients to restructure the way they think about aspects of their lives using Ryff's dimensions of psychological well-being - clients helped to identify episodes of high well-being in their past, to find ways well-being is hindered, and how to change thinking habits to being more positive interpretations of events"

    解説

  • 39

    Personal Growth Initiative

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "- Personal Growth: a person's sense that he or she is growing psychologically and the direction of the growth indicates progress as an individual - often underutilized by the person - therapist assesses the ability and introduces strategies to aid in utilizing their capacities in various situations"

    解説

  • 40

    Harter's Idea About What Causes Inauthenticity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - authenticity is blocked by society

    解説

  • 41

    Harter's Idea About What Causes Inauthenticity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - the need for self-presentation is perpetuated by parents, friends, or society

    解説

  • 42

    Harter's Idea About What Causes Inauthenticity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - behavior may be restricted by society, even if you wish to present authenticity

    解説

  • 43

    Harter's Idea About What Causes Inauthenticity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - inauthentic social presentation can be perpetuated by being rewarded or by punishing the expression of the authentic self

    解説

  • 44

    The Medical Method

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - assumes that any mental illness is a distinct deviation from normality and can be identified by a unique cluster of symptoms that are caused by a specific pathogen

    解説

  • 45

    The Victim View Point

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - a problem of viewing psychological problems as diseases... it creates a victim viewpoint - often blocks recovery because it requires that the person recognizes that THEY can change their condition through choosing to make changed in their thoughts and behavior... thus, they do not feel empowered to act

    解説

  • 46

    Hope Therapy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - based on idea that hope derives emotions that define well-being

    解説

  • 47

    Hope Therapy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - assumes that well-being is enhanced when people have well-developed goals and believe they can reach those goals

    解説

  • 48

    Hope Therapy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - therapist aids the person to create goals, see paths to the goals, and summon energy and commitment to reach them

    解説

  • 49

    Hope Therapy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - research demonstrates effectiveness

    解説

  • 50

    Values Clarification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - values can become conflicted and complicated from society pressure which causes stress

    解説

  • 51

    Values Clarification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - the process by which people can explore and clarify their values or to simply reconnect with the values they use to ground their lives in meaningful ways

    解説

  • 52

    Education Interventions and Tucker Turtle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - education helps people improve their lives, with most focus on children (learned optimism training & learned hopefulness approach)

    解説

  • 53

    Education Interventions and Tucker Turtle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - lessons added to classes (self-determination, character education, emotional intelligence skills)

    解説

  • 54

    Fordyce's Happiness Training Program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Be more active

    解説

  • 55

    Fordyce's Happiness Training Program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2. Spend more time socializing

    解説

  • 56

    Fordyce's Happiness Training Program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3. Be productive and meaningful at work

    解説

  • 57

    Fordyce's Happiness Training Program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4. Get organized

    解説

  • 58

    Fordyce's Happiness Training Program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 5. Stop worrying

    解説

  • 59

    Fordyce's Happiness Training Program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 6. Lower your expectations and aspirations

    解説

  • 60

    Fordyce's Happiness Training Program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 7. Think optimistically

    解説

  • 61

    Fordyce's Happiness Training Program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 8. Orient yourself to the present

    解説

  • 62

    Fordyce's Happiness Training Program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 9. Work on a healthy personality

    解説

  • 63

    Fordyce's Happiness Training Program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 10. Develop and outgoing social personality

    解説

  • 64

    Fordyce's Happiness Training Program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 11. Be yourself (authentic)

    解説

  • 65

    Fordyce's Happiness Training Program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 12. Eliminate negative feelings 

    解説

  • 66

    Fordyce's Happiness Training Program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 13. Develop and nurture close relationships

    解説

  • 67

    Fordyce's Happiness Training Program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 14. Value happiness (put it first)

    解説

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