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Money and Banking

カード 32枚 作成者: Sean (作成日: 2013/12/04)

  • money

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公開範囲:

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  • 1

    money

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • anything that serves as a medium of exchange, a unit of account, and a store of value

    解説

  • 2

    Great Depression

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the severe economic decline that began in 1929 and lasted for more than a decade

    解説

  • 3

    central bank

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bank that can lend to other banks in times of need

    解説

  • 4

    Federal Reserve System

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the nation's central banking system

    解説

  • 5

    member bank

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bank that belongs to the Federal Reserve System

    解説

  • 6

    creditor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • person or institution to whom money is owed

    解説

  • 7

    greenback

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • paper currency issued during the Civil War

    解説

  • 8

    liquidity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the ability to be used as, or directly converted to, cash

    解説

  • 9

    bank

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an institution for receiving, keeping, and lending money

    解説

  • 10

    credit card

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a card entitling its holder to buy goods and services based on the holders's promise to pay for these goods and sevices

    解説

  • 11

    national bank

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a bank chartered, or licensed, by the national government

    解説

  • 12

    fiat money

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • money that has value because the government has ordered that it is an acceptable means to pay debts; "legal tender"

    解説

  • 13

    representative money

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • objects that have value becuase the holder can exchage them for something else of value; silver certificate

    解説

  • 14

    debit card

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a card used to withdraw money

    解説

  • 15

    demand deposit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the money in checking accounts

    解説

  • 16

    fractional reserve banking

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a banking system that keeps only a fraction of funds on hand and lends out the remainder

    解説

  • 17

    money supply

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • all the money available in the United States economy

    解説

  • 18

    store of value

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • something that keeps its value if it is stored rather than used; piggy bank

    解説

  • 19

    money market mutual fund

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a fund that pools money from small savers to purchase short-term government and corporate securities

    解説

  • 20

    commodity money

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • objects that have value in themselves and that are also used as money; chicken

    解説

  • 21

    principal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the amount of money borrowed

    解説

  • 22

    FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the government agency that insures customers' deposits if a bank fails; Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

    解説

  • 23

    gold standard

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a monetary system in which paper money and coins are equal to the value of a certain amout of gold

    解説

  • 24

    mortgage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a specific type of loan that is used to buy real estate

    解説

  • 25

    Federal Reserve note

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the national currency we use today in the United States

    解説

  • 26

    currency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • coins and paper bills used as money

    解説

  • 27

    bank run

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • widespread panic in which great numbers of people try to redeem their paper money

    解説

  • 28

    medium of exchange

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • anything that is used to determine value during the exchage of goods and services; buying food with a money

    解説

  • 29

    unit of account

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a means for comparing the values of goods and services; comparison of $35 jacket at one store and $30 jacket at another store

    解説

  • 30

    default

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • failure to pay back a loan

    解説

  • 31

    interest

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the price paid for the use of borrowed money

    解説

  • 32

    barter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the direct exchage of one set of goods or sevices for another

    解説

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