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Taxes and Government Spending

カード 32枚 作成者: Sean (作成日: 2013/12/04)

  • tax

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公開範囲:

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  • 1

    tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a required payment to a local, state, or national government

    解説

  • 2

    mandatory spending

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • spending on certain programs that is mandated, or required, by existing law

    解説

  • 3

    tax return

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • form used to file income taxes

    解説

  • 4

    sales tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax on the dollar value of a good or service being sold

    解説

  • 5

    revenue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • income received by a government from taxes and non tax sources

    解説

  • 6

    personal exemption

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • set amount that you subtract from your gross income for yourself, your spouse, and any dependents

    解説

  • 7

    tax base

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • income, property, good, or service that is subject to a tax

    解説

  • 8

    withholding

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • taking tax payments out of an employee's pay before he or she receives it

    解説

  • 9

    tax incentive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the use of taxation to encourage or discourage certain behavior

    解説

  • 10

    FICA

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • taxes that fund Social Security and Medicare

    解説

  • 11

    real property

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • physical property such as land and buildings

    解説

  • 12

    estate tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax on the estate, or total value of the money and property, of a person who has died

    解説

  • 13

    tariff

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax on imported goods

    解説

  • 14

    Medicare

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a national health insurance program that helps pay for health care for people over age 65 or with certain disabilities

    解説

  • 15

    capital budget

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • budget for major capital, or investment, expenditures

    解説

  • 16

    proportional tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax for which the percentage of income paid in taxes remains the same for all income levels

    解説

  • 17

    entitlement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • social welfare program that people are "entitled to" if they meet certain eligibility requirements

    解説

  • 18

    corporate income tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax on the value of a company's profits

    解説

  • 19

    discretionary spending

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • spending category about which government planners can make choices

    解説

  • 20

    regressive tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax for which the percentage of income paid in taxes decreases and income increases

    解説

  • 21

    tax assessor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an official who determines the value of a property

    解説

  • 22

    balancing budget

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • budget in which revenues are equal to spending

    解説

  • 23

    taxable income

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • income on which tax must be paid; total income minus exemptions and deductions

    解説

  • 24

    deductions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • variable amounts that you can subtract, or deduct, form your gross income

    解説

  • 25

    progressive tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax for which the percentage of income paid in taxes increases and income increases

    解説

  • 26

    tax exempt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • not subject to taxes

    解説

  • 27

    operating budget

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • budget for day-to-day expenses

    解説

  • 28

    Social Security

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI)

    解説

  • 29

    personal property

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • possessions such as jewelry, furniture, and boats

    解説

  • 30

    Medicaid/AHCCCS

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • entitlement program that benefits low-income families, some people with disabilities, and elderly people in nursing homes; Arizona's Medicaid program is called AHCCCS

    解説

  • 31

    gift tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax on money or property that one living person gives to another

    解説

  • 32

    individual income tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax on a person's income

    解説

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