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Fiscal Policies

カード 25枚 作成者: Sean (作成日: 2013/12/04)

  • fiscal policy

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公開範囲:

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  • 1

    fiscal policy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the use of government spending and revenue collection to influence the economy

    解説

  • 2

    Office of Management and Budget

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • government office that manages the federal budget

    解説

  • 3

    Treasury bill

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • govt bond that is repaid within three months to a year

    解説

  • 4

    demand-side economics

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • idea that government spending and tax cuts help an economy by raising demand

    解説

  • 5

    national debt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • all the money the federal govt owes to bondholders

    解説

  • 6

    budget deficit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a situation in which the government spends more than it takes in

    解説

  • 7

    fiscal year

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a twelve-month period that can begin on any date

    解説

  • 8

    balanced budget

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • budget in which revenues are equal to spending

    解説

  • 9

    Treasury note

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • govt bond that is repaid within two to ten years

    解説

  • 10

    Congressional Budget Office

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • government agency that provides economic data to Congress

    解説

  • 11

    appropriations bill

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a bill that sets money aside for specific spending

    解説

  • 12

    Council of Economic Advisers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a group of three respected economists that advise the President on economic policy

    解説

  • 13

    expansionary policies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fiscal policies, like higher spending and tax cuts, that encourage economic growth

    解説

  • 14

    contractionary policies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fiscal policies, like lower spending and higher taxes, that reduce economic growth

    解説

  • 15

    productive capacity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • maximum output that an economy can produce without big increase in inflation

    解説

  • 16

    Treasury bond

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • govt bond that can be issued for as long as 30 years

    解説

  • 17

    crowding-out effect

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • loss of funds for private investment due to govt borrowing

    解説

  • 18

    federal budget

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a plan for the federal government's revenues and spending for the coming year

    解説

  • 19

    multiplier effect

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • idea that every one dollar of government spending creates more than one dollar in economic activity

    解説

  • 20

    Keynesian economics

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • form of demand-side economics that encourages government action to increase or decrease demand and output

    解説

  • 21

    supply-side economics

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a school of economics that believes tax cuts can help an economy by raising supply

    解説

  • 22

    monetarism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the belief that the money supply is the most important factor in macroeconomic performance (compare with demand-side economics)

    解説

  • 23

    automatic stabilizer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • government program that changes automatically depending on GDP and a person's income

    解説

  • 24

    classical economics

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • idea that free markets can regulate themselves

    解説

  • 25

    budget surplus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a situation in which the government takes in more than it spends

    解説

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