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HTML 4 and Web Page Design Basics #5

カード 55枚 作成者: Joseph (作成日: 2013/12/04)

  • With virtually no exceptions, divisions and spans should have attributes with names without _

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  • 1

    With virtually no exceptions, divisions and spans should have ______ attributes with _______ names without ______

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • id ... self-documenting ... spaces

    解説

  • 2

    With virtually no exceptions, images should have _____ attributes to enhance usability for users with visual or audial impairments

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • alt

    解説

  • 3

    With virtually no exceptions, hyperlinks should have _____ attributes to reduce _______ and to provide additional _______ about where the link goes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • title .... visual clutter... information

    解説

  • 4

    True or false: The ordering of attributes is important

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • FALSE

    解説

  • 5

    List 4 alternatives to an attribute you would like to name: "Holy Smoke" but without the space. The most important thing is to be ________ in your naming technique

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • holySmoke, holysmoke, holy-smoke, holy_smoke consistent

    解説

  • 6

    PDF

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Portable Document Format

    解説

  • 7

    Web pages should go through a ________ process at ________ before release, but sadly few bother with this effort.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • validation .... http://validator.w3.org/

    解説

  • 8

    Why should pages be validated? (5 Reasons)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Validation as a debugging tool Validation as a future-proof quality check Validation eases maintenance Validation helps teach good practices Validation is a sign of professionalism

    解説

  • 9

    CSS pages can be validated at....

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • http://jigsaw.w3.org/css-validator/

    解説

  • 10

    FTP

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • File Transfer Protocol

    解説

  • 11

    Common means of transferring your web pages and content to a server

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • FTP

    解説

  • 12

    Attribute used to open a link in another browser window, but pages with this ability may not ______ and can be _________ for users on a variety of devices and alternative browsers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • target ... validate ... problematic

    解説

  • 13

    Server side language that can write HTML 'on the fly'

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • PHP

    解説

  • 14

    PHP

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor

    解説

  • 15

    Dynamic web pages often have this extension

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • php

    解説

  • 16

    Dynamic web pages affiliated with Microsoft have this extension

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • asp

    解説

  • 17

    ASP

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Active Server Pages

    解説

  • 18

    Used for images with solid colors, logos and geometric shapes with reduced color content

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • gif

    解説

  • 19

    Maximum color numbers with a gif

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 256

    解説

  • 20

    True or false: JPEG (JPG) supports transparency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • FALSE

    解説

  • 21

    True or false: A gradient would best be represented with a JPEG rather than a GIF

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • TRUE

    解説

  • 22

    True or false: An image is an inline element

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • TRUE

    解説

  • 23

    True or false: A bitmap image is an acceptable image file type to use on a web page

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • FALSE

    解説

  • 24

    Using width and/or height attributes on an image can inadvertently lead to ________

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • distortion

    解説

  • 25

    True or false: It is acceptable to use width and/or height attributes to change the size of an image so it fits in the right amount of space as long as it's aspect ratio is held constant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • false; A 3MB image that is 3000px by 2000px is still 3MB even if it is reduced to the size of a thumbnail, and it affects the download time of the page

    解説

  • 26

    Aspect ratio

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Describes the proportional relationship between an image's width and its height.

    解説

  • 27

    Horizontal scrolling should ....

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • be avoided at all costs

    解説

  • 28

    Vertical scrolling should....

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • be prevented when possible but is acceptable in desktop applications

    解説

  • 29

    Images on a web page can drastically affect the __________ of the page; therefore they should always be ________________ and their actual final dimensions should be stated with the appropriate ___________ ( ____ & ______) as measured in ________

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • download time ... optimized ... attributes ... width ... height ... pixels

    解説

  • 30

    Abbreviation for pixel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • px Given the attribute: width="50px"

    解説

  • 31

    True or false: The attribute is correctly written

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • false -- do not list the abbreviation

    解説

  • 32

    Smaller sized image that may be 'clicked' to see a larger version of the image on another page

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • thumbnail

    解説

  • 33

    Images with transparency are shown in Photoshop with a _____________ background

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • gray & white checkerboard

    解説

  • 34

    True or false: Whenever possible, images should be crafted with a transparent background

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • TRUE

    解説

  • 35

    Smallest element on a screen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pixel

    解説

  • 36

    Most web servers retrieve images....

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...concurrently

    解説

  • 37

    Technique for softening edges of text

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • antialias

    解説

  • 38

    Important attribute for visually impaired users

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • alt

    解説

  • 39

    Common range of pixels per inch for a web image

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • [72, 120]

    解説

  • 40

    Can be used to specify the language characters making up a web page (English, Hebrew, Russian, etc)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • charset

    解説

  • 41

    Two common HTML dialects prior to HTML5

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • transitional and strict

    解説

  • 42

    When a browser tries to render 'ill-formed' HTML, it may enter _____________ mode

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • quirks

    解説

  • 43

    _______ _______ tells the browser the character set used in the web page

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • character encoding

    解説

  • 44

    By adhering to standards, your pages will display more _____ and with fewer display ______ between ______

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • quickly ... differences ... browsers

    解説

  • 45

    True or false: Element names should be lower case

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • TRUE

    解説

  • 46

    Doctype that allows older HTML tags

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • transitional

    解説

  • 47

    In the old days (prior to CSS), ______ was mixed with HTML __________

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • style ... structure

    解説

  • 48

    If a browser can't tell what version of HTML a page is, it uses...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...quirks mode

    解説

  • 49

    Tag that tells the browser about the page

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • meta, XML was designed to_____ & _____ data.

    解説

  • 50

    HTML was designed to _____ data.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • transport ... Store, display

    解説

  • 51

    XML

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • EXtensible Markup Language

    解説

  • 52

    Heavily utilizes XML

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mobile technology (smart phones)

    解説

  • 53

    < > are often called ...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • angle braces

    解説

  • 54

    Images were first introduced to web pages in _____ by college student ____________

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1993 ... Marc Andreessen

    解説

  • 55

    W3C

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • World Wide Web Consortium

    解説

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