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Biology Terms #2

カード 32枚 作成者: Kate (作成日: 2013/12/04)

  • Dermal Tissue

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Dermal Tissue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The protective covering of plants; generally a single layer of tightly packed epidermal cells covering young plant organs formed by primary growth.

    解説

  • 2

    Ground Tissue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tissue between the dermal tissue and vascular tissue of a non-woody plant that functions in photosynthesis, storage, and support

    解説

  • 3

    Vascular Tissue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that transport water and nutrients throughout the plant body.

    解説

  • 4

    Meristematic Tissue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • plant tissue found only in the tips of shoots and roots; responsible for plant growth

    解説

  • 5

    Epidermis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the outer layer of the skin covering the exterior surface

    解説

  • 6

    Collenchyma

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the primary tissue of higher plants composed of thin-walled cells that remain capable of cell division even when mature

    解説

  • 7

    Sclerenchyma

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • type of ground tissue cell with a strong, flexible cell wall; helps support larger plants

    解説

  • 8

    Xylem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • type of ground-tissue cell with an extremely thick, rigid cell wall that makes ground tissue tough and strong

    解説

  • 9

    Phloem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the woody part of plants: the supporting and water-conducting tissue, consisting primarily of tracheids and vessels

    解説

  • 10

    Primary Meristem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tissue that conducts synthesized food substances (e.g., from leaves) to parts where needed

    解説

  • 11

    Vascular Cambium

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Meristem that produces the tissues of the primary plant body.

    解説

  • 12

    Node

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A cylinder of meristematic tissue in woody plants that adds layers of secondary vascular tissue called secondary xylem (wood) and secondary phloem

    解説

  • 13

    Internode

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A point along the stem of a plant at which leaves are attached.

    解説

  • 14

    Terminal Bud

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a segment of a stem between two nodes

    解説

  • 15

    Axillary Bud

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Embryonic tissue at the tip of a shoot, made up of developing leaves and a compact series of nodes and internodes.

    解説

  • 16

    Leaf Blade

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A structure that has the potential to form a lateral shoot, or branch. The bud appears in the angle formed between a leaf and a stem.

    解説

  • 17

    Petiole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • large broad part of the leaf, the wide portion of a leaf in which photosynthesis occurs

    解説

  • 18

    Primary Root

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the slender stem that supports the blade of a leaf

    解説

  • 19

    Secondary Root

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • first root that grows from plant seed when it germinates

    解説

  • 20

    Root Tip

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the roots that branch off of the primary root

    解説

  • 21

    Root Cap

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Made up of the root cap, meristematic zone, elongation zone, and maturation zone

    解説

  • 22

    Root Hairs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • thimble-shaped mass of cells covering and protecting the growing tip of a root

    解説

  • 23

    Primary growth

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tiny hair-like extensions that increase the surface area of the root allowing it to absorb more water and nutrients

    解説

  • 24

    Apical Meristem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Growth produced by apical meristems, which lengthen stems and roots.

    解説

  • 25

    Leaf Primordium

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Embryonic plant tissue in the tips of roots and in the buds of shoots that supplies cells for the plant to grow in length.

    解説

  • 26

    Bud Primordium

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a cluster of meristem cells, located at the node of a stem, that develops into a leaf

    解説

  • 27

    Indeterminate growth

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • growth from the apical meristem that will eventually become a bud, develop into lateral shoots

    解説

  • 28

    Dermal Tissue System

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A type of growth characteristic of plants, in which the organism continues to grow as long as it lives.

    解説

  • 29

    Ground Tissue System

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The outer protective covering of plants, consisting of the epidermis and the cuticle.

    解説

  • 30

    Vascular Tissue System

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Tissue that makes up most of the plant body, consisting of the cortex and the pith.

    解説

  • 31

    Trachieds

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A system that serves as a transport system for water and nutrients, consisting of the xylem, the phloem, and the vascular cambium.

    解説

  • 32

    Vessel Elements

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A xylem cell that is tapered at the ends and has thick walls containing pits

    解説

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