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AP Biology Plants #6

カード 100枚 作成者: Kate (作成日: 2013/12/04)

  • in the monocot coconut the endosperm is

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  • 1

    in the monocot coconut the endosperm is

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • liquid

    解説

  • 2

    seed consist of

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • protective seed coat, an embryo, and the cotyledon or endosperm, food for the growing embryo

    解説

  • 3

    embryo consists of

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hypocotyl, epicotyl, and radicle

    解説

  • 4

    hypocotyl becomes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the lower part of the stem

    解説

  • 5

    epicotyl becomes the

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • upper part of the stem

    解説

  • 6

    radicle or embryonic rood

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • first organ to emerge from the germinating seed

    解説

  • 7

    sexual life cycle of plants is characterized by an alternation of generations in which

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • haploid and diploid generations alternate with each other

    解説

  • 8

    gametophyle (n)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • produces gametes thru mitosis

    解説

  • 9

    gametes fuse during fertilization to yield

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2n zygotes

    解説

  • 10

    each zygote develops into a

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sporophyte 2n

    解説

  • 11

    sporophytes produce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • haploid spores thru meiosis

    解説

  • 12

    each haploid spore forms a new

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • gametophyte

    解説

  • 13

    antheridium

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • structure that produces sperm

    解説

  • 14

    archegonium

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • structure that produces the egg

    解説

  • 15

    gametophyte

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • haploid plant

    解説

  • 16

    heterosporous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • having two kinds of spores, male and female

    解説

  • 17

    homosporous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • producing a single spore that grows into a bisexual gametophyte

    解説

  • 18

    megaspore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • produced by large female cones, develops into female gametophytes

    解説

  • 19

    microspore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • produced by small male comes, develops into male gametophytes or pollen grains

    解説

  • 20

    protonema

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • branching one cell thick filaments produced by germinating moss spores, becomes the gametophyte in moss

    解説

  • 21

    sporangia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • located on mature sporophyte where meiosis occurs producing haploid spores

    解説

  • 22

    sporophyte

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • diploid plant

    解説

  • 23

    sori

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • raised spots located on the underside of sporophyte ferns, clusters of sporangia

    解説

  • 24

    haploid or gametophyte generation is

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dominant and persists for most of the plants life

    解説

  • 25

    diploid generation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • lives only for a short time and is depended on the gametophyte for its food

    解説

  • 26

    (moss)gametophyte generation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dominates

    解説

  • 27

    (moss)archegonia and antheridia develop

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • on the tips of the gametophytes

    解説

  • 28

    (moss)sporophyte grows out of the top of the gametophyte and obtains its nutrients from the

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • gametophyte

    解説

  • 29

    (moss)haploid spores are formed in

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mature sporangia

    解説

  • 30

    (ferns) sporophyte generation is large than and independent from the

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • gametophyte

    解説

  • 31

    (ferns)arhegonia and antheridia both develop on the underside of the heart shaped

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • haploid gametophyte

    解説

  • 32

    (ferns)flagellated sperm swim from antheridia to archegonia to form the

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • diploid zygote which grows into a large diploid sprophyte plant

    解説

  • 33

    (ferns)haploid spores emerge form sori and land on the ground to sprout into the

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • gametophyte generation

    解説

  • 34

    seed plants are

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • vascular plants that produce seeds

    解説

  • 35

    heterospores

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • two kinds of spores male and female

    解説

  • 36

    angiosperms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • gametophyte generation exists inside the sporophyte generation and depends totally on it

    解説

  • 37

    meiosis occurs in

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the anthers and pistils

    解説

  • 38

    anthers produce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • microspores that form male gametophytes

    解説

  • 39

    ovules produce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • megaspores that form female gametophytes

    解説

  • 40

    fertilization occurs in the......producing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ovary, zygotes that develop into sporophyte embryoes within the ovule

    解説

  • 41

    ovule becomes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the seed carrying the embryo and the food necessary for its intail development into another sporophyte

    解説

  • 42

    gymnosperm is a

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sporophyte

    解説

  • 43

    gymnosperms sporangi are

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • densely packaged inside the cones

    解説

  • 44

    gametophyte generation develops from

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • haploid spores retained within the sporangia

    解説

  • 45

    conifers are

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • heterosporous, males and females come from different cones usually produced on the same tree

    解説

  • 46

    small pollen cones produce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • microspores that develop into make gametophytes or pollen grains

    解説

  • 47

    large ovulate cones usually develop on separate branches of the tree and produce

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • megaspores that develop into female gametophytes

    解説

  • 48

    plant hormones help coordinate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • growth, development, and responses to environmental stimuli

    解説

  • 49

    signal transduction pathway

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • amplify the tiny amount of hormone signal and connect it to specific cell responses

    解説

  • 50

    a plants response to a hormone depends

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • not much on absolute quantities but the relative amount

    解説

  • 51

    auxin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -phototropisms due to unequal distribution of auxin

    解説

  • 52

    auxin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -enhances apical dominance

    解説

  • 53

    auxin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -stimulates stem elongation and growth by softening the cell wall

    解説

  • 54

    auxin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -indoleacetic acid naturally occurring auxin

    解説

  • 55

    auxin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -2, 4-D man made to kill weeds

    解説

  • 56

    auxin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -rooting powders, making roots develop quickly in a plant cutting

    解説

  • 57

    auxin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -synthetic auxin sprayed onto tomato plants will induce fruit production without pollination

    解説

  • 58

    cytokinins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -stimulate cytokinesis and cell division

    解説

  • 59

    cytokinins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -delay senescence (aging) by inhibiting protein breakdown 

    解説

  • 60

    cytokinins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -produced in roots and travel upward

    解説

  • 61

    gibberellins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -promote stem and leaf elongation

    解説

  • 62

    gibberellins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -100 diff naturally occurring gibberellins have been id

    解説

  • 63

    gibberellins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -work in concert with auxins to promote cell growth

    解説

  • 64

    gibberellins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -induce bolting, rapid growth of floral stalk

    解説

  • 65

    abscisic acid (ABA)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -inhibits growth

    解説

  • 66

    abscisic acid (ABA)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -enables plants to withstand drought

    解説

  • 67

    abscisic acid (ABA)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -closes stomates during times of water stress

    解説

  • 68

    abscisic acid (ABA)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -counteracts the breaking of dormancy during a winter thaw

    解説

  • 69

    abscisic acid (ABA)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -promotes seed dormancy prevents seeds that have fallen on the ground in the fall from sprouting until spring comes and environment is better

    解説

  • 70

    ethylene

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -gas

    解説

  • 71

    ethylene

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -promotes fruit ripening (positive feedback)

    解説

  • 72

    ethylene

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -commercial fruit sellers pick fruit when they are hard so when they are at their destination they are sprayed with gas to hasten riping, keeping them in CO₂ stops ripening

    解説

  • 73

    ethylene

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -produced in large quantities in times of stress:drought, flooding, mechanical pressure, injury, and infection

    解説

  • 74

    ethylene

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -facilitates apoptosis

    解説

  • 75

    ethylene

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -promotes leaf abscission (leaf dies and falls off)

    解説

  • 76

    tropism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • growth of a plant toward or away from a stimulus

    解説

  • 77

    thigmotropism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • touch

    解説

  • 78

    geotropism gravitropism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • gravity

    解説

  • 79

    phototropism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • light

    解説

  • 80

    positive tropism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • growth toward stimuli

    解説

  • 81

    negative tropism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • growth away from stimuli

    解説

  • 82

    phototropisms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • unequal distribution of auxins, which accumulate on the side of the plant away from the light, because they cause growth cells on the shady side enlarge and bend toward the light

    解説

  • 83

    geotropisms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -interaction of auxins and statoliths specialized plastids containing dense starch grains

    解説

  • 84

    plants can respond to stimuli thru the

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • signal transduction pathway

    解説

  • 85

    when a receptor is stimulated it undergoes a

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • conformation change and activates a second messenger

    解説

  • 86

    second messenger

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cyclic nucleotides, cAMP, cGMP that transfer and amplify the signal from the receptor

    解説

  • 87

    secondary messenger leads directly to a response by alterring

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • transcription factors in the nucleus of the target cell and alters the expression of certain genes

    解説

  • 88

    photoperiod

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • environmental stimulus a plant uses to detect te time of year, the relative lengths of day and night

    解説

  • 89

    plants have a biological clock set to a 24 hour day

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • circadian rhythm

    解説

  • 90

    physiological response to the photoperiod, flowering, is

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • photoperiodism

    解説

  • 91

    long day plants

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • only flower when the light period is longer than a certain number of hours

    解説

  • 92

    day neutral

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • will flower regardless of the length of the day

    解説

  • 93

    plants actually respond to the length of darkness not the length of

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • night

    解説

  • 94

    photoreceptor is responsible for

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • keeping track of the length of day and night is the pigment phytochrome

    解説

  • 95

    2 forms of phytochrome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Pr (redlight absorbing) Pfr (infrared light absorbing)

    解説

  • 96

    phytochrome is synthesized in the

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Pr form

    解説

  • 97

    when a plant is exposed to light

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Pr convert to Pfr

    解説

  • 98

    in the dark Pfr is reverted back to

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Pr

    解説

  • 99

    conversion of one to the other enables the plant to keep track of

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • time

    解説

  • 100

    the plant is able to sense the concentration of

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the two phytochromes and respond accordingly

    解説

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