zuknow learn together

新しい教材を作成

AP Biology Plants #1

カード 100枚 作成者: Kate (作成日: 2013/12/04)

  • cell wall is made of

解説面  クリックしてカードを裏返す

アプリをダウンロードして、このコンテンツを学習しよう! AppStore / Google Play

教材の説明:

詳細はありません

公開範囲:

公開

カテゴリ:

言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
  • このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
  • 1

    cell wall is made of

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cellulose

    解説

  • 2

    surplus of carbohydrates are stored as

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • starch

    解説

  • 3

    alternation of generations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • life cycle of plants where one generation is the gamete generation where all the cells fo the plant are haploid and in the sporophyte generation they are all diploid

    解説

  • 4

    plants evolved from

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • aquatic green algae 500 million years ago and colonized the land during the Paleozoic era

    解説

  • 5

    .........different number of plants inhibit most of earth

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 300,000

    解説

  • 6

    plants stabilize.......and provide a home for

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • soil, insects and other larger animals

    解説

  • 7

    plants release.....and absorb.....

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • O₂ CO₂

    解説

  • 8

    bryophytes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -plants with no transport vessels (no xylem and phloem) absorbs water by difusion from the air 

    解説

  • 9

    bryophytes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -sperm has to swim thru water to fertilize the egg

    解説

  • 10

    bryophytes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -lack lignin-fortified tissue to support tall plants

    解説

  • 11

    bryophytes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -play a role in diverse terrestrial ecosystems

    解説

  • 12

    bryophytes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -grow on rocks, soil, and trees

    解説

  • 13

    bryophytes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ex are sphagnum or peat moss

    解説

  • 14

    tracheophytes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • plants with transport vessels (xylem and phloem) 

    解説

  • 15

    tracheophytes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -lignified transport vessels to support plant

    解説

  • 16

    tracheophytes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -roots to absorb water while also anchoring and supporting the plant

    解説

  • 17

    tracheophytes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -leaves that increase photosynthetic surface

    解説

  • 18

    tracheophytes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -life cycle with a dominant sporophyte generation

    解説

  • 19

    ferns

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -widespread seedless tracheophytes 

    解説

  • 20

    ferns

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -primitive types and produce spores

    解説

  • 21

    ferns

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -homosporous

    解説

  • 22

    ferns

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -must live in moist environment because sperm are flagellated and must swim from antheridium to the archegonium to fertilize the egg

    解説

  • 23

    homosporous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • produce only one type of spore which then develops into a bisexual gametophyte

    解説

  • 24

    seed plants are

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • heterosporous: micro and mega spores

    解説

  • 25

    megaspores

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • develop into female gametophytes

    解説

  • 26

    microspores

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • develop into male gametophytes

    解説

  • 27

    gymnosperms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -first seed plants to appear on earth, naked because fruit is not inclosed by fuit

    解説

  • 28

    gymnosperms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -seeds are exposed on modified leafs to form cones and are better adapted for a dry environment

    解説

  • 29

    gymnosperms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -have needle shaped leaves, protective cuticle and small surface are

    解説

  • 30

    gymnosperms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -depend on wind for pollination

    解説

  • 31

    gymnosperms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -ex. pines, firs, redwoods, junipers, sequoia

    解説

  • 32

    angiosperms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • seed plants whose reproductive structures are flowers and fruits

    解説

  • 33

    angiosperms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -most diverse plant species accounting for 90 percent of all plants

    解説

  • 34

    color and scent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • attracts animals that will carry pollen from one plant to another over great distances

    解説

  • 35

    after pollination and fertilization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ovary becomes the fruit and the ovule becomes the seed

    解説

  • 36

    fruit protects

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dormant seeds and aids in their dispersal

    解説

  • 37

    ways of dispersing seeds

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -maple trees have seeds with wings that enable them to be dispersed great distances by the wind

    解説

  • 38

    ways of dispersing seeds

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -some have burrs that cling to fur or clothing 

    解説

  • 39

    ways of dispersing seeds

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -others have some that are brightly colored and sweet so when the animal eats it its feces acts as fertilizer

    解説

  • 40

    characteristic: cotyledons (seed leaves)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • monocots: one

    解説

  • 41

    characteristic: cotyledons (seed leaves)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dicots: two

    解説

  • 42

    characteristic: vascular bundles in stem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • monocots: scattered

    解説

  • 43

    characteristic: vascular bundles in stem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dicots: in a ring

    解説

  • 44

    characteristic: leaf venation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • monocots: parallel

    解説

  • 45

    characteristic: leaf venation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dicots: netlike

    解説

  • 46

    characteristics: floral parts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • monocots: usually in 3s

    解説

  • 47

    characteristics: floral parts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dicots: usually in 4s or 5s

    解説

  • 48

    characteristics: roots

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • monocots: fibrous roots

    解説

  • 49

    characteristics: roots

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dicots: taproots

    解説

  • 50

    plants began life in the.....and moved to land as

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • sea, competition for resources increased

    解説

  • 51

    biggest problems for plants

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • supporting the plant body and absorbing and conserving water

    解説

  • 52

    modifications that enable plants to live on land

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -cell walls made of cellulose

    解説

  • 53

    modifications that enable plants to live on land

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -roots and root hairs absorb water and nutrients from the soil

    解説

  • 54

    modifications that enable plants to live on land

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -stomates open to exchange gases and close to minimize water loss

    解説

  • 55

    modifications that enable plants to live on land

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -waxy coating on leaves (cutin)

    解説

  • 56

    modifications that enable plants to live on land

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -gametes and zygotes form within a protective jacket of cells called gametangia that prevents drying out

    解説

  • 57

    modifications that enable plants to live on land

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -sporopollenin, tough polymer, resistant to almost all kinds of environmental damage and protects plants in harsh terrestrial environment (in spores and pollen)

    解説

  • 58

    modifications that enable plants to live on land

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -seed and pollen have coat to prevent desiccation

    解説

  • 59

    modifications that enable plants to live on land

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -gametophyte generation has been reduced 

    解説

  • 60

    modifications that enable plants to live on land

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -xylem and phloem vessels enable plants to grow tall

    解説

  • 61

    modifications that enable plants to live on land

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -lignin embedded in xylem to provide support

    解説

  • 62

    meristem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tissue that allows a plant to continue to grow as long as they live because it continually divides and generates new cells

    解説

  • 63

    primary growth

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • elongation of the plant down into the soil and up into the air

    解説

  • 64

    apical meristem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • at the tips of the roots and in the buds of shoots is the source of primary growth

    解説

  • 65

    lateral meristem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • provides secondary growth

    解説

  • 66

    secondary growth

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • increase in girth

    解説

  • 67

    herbaceous (non woody) there is only.......growth

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • primary

    解説

  • 68

    in woody plants secondary growth is responsible for the

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • gradual thickening of the roots and shoots formed from earlier primary growth

    解説

  • 69

    dermal tissue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • covers and protects the plant includes epidermis and modified cells like guard cells, root hairs, and cells that produce a waxy cuticle

    解説

  • 70

    vascular tissue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • consists of xylem and phloem and transports water and nutrients around the plant

    解説

  • 71

    xylem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • water and mineral conducting tissue and consists of tracheids and vessels elements

    解説

  • 72

    tracheids and vessels are dead at

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • functional maturity

    解説

  • 73

    tracheids

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • long thin cells that overlap and are tapered at the ends and water passes from one cell to another through pits, and they also contain lignin so they support the plant as well

    解説

  • 74

    pits

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • areas with no secondary cell wall

    解説

  • 75

    vessel elements

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • generally wider, shorter, thinner walled, and less tapered than tracheids, aligned end to end and differ from tracheids in that the ends are perforated to allow free flow thru the vessel tubes

    解説

  • 76

    seedless vascular plants and most gymnosperms have

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • only tracheids

    解説

  • 77

    most angiosperms have

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tracheids and vessel membranes

    解説

  • 78

    makes up wood

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • xylem

    解説

  • 79

    phloem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • carries sugar from the photosynthetic leaves to the rest of the plant by active transports consist of chains of sieve tube members

    解説

  • 80

    sieve tube members

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • elements whose end walls contain sieve plates that facilitate the flow of fluid from one cell to the next

    解説

  • 81

    tho the cells are alive they do not contain.........but have

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • nuclei, ribosomes, and vacuoles; but connecting them are companion cells that contain a full complement of cell organelles and nurtures he sieve tube elements

    解説

  • 82

    ground tissue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • most common and functions mainly in support, storage, and photosynthesis

    解説

  • 83

    if a plant cells function is support it wil probably be

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • thick and contain lignin

    解説

  • 84

    parenchymal cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -look like classic plant cells

    解説

  • 85

    parenchymal cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -have primary cell walls that are thin flexible and lack secondary cell walls

    解説

  • 86

    parenchymal cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -protoplasm contains one large vacuole and cell carries out most metabolic functions

    解説

  • 87

    parenchymal cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -in leaves, some contain chloroplasts

    解説

  • 88

    parenchymal cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -in roots, contains plastid and store starch

    解説

  • 89

    parenchymal cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -when turgid with water provide support and shape 

    解説

  • 90

    parenchymal cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -retain the ability to divide and differentiate into other cell types after a plant has been injured in someway

    解説

  • 91

    parenchymal cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -most common in plants

    解説

  • 92

    collenchymal cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -unevenly thickened primary cell walls but lack secondary cell walls

    解説

  • 93

    collenchymal cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -mature are alive and the support the growing cells

    解説

  • 94

    collenchymal cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -strings in celery is made of this

    解説

  • 95

    sclerenchymal cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -thick primary and secondary cell walls fortified with lignin 

    解説

  • 96

    sclerenchymal cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -support the plant 

    解説

  • 97

    sclerenchymal cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -two forms: fibers and sclereids

    解説

  • 98

    fibers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -long thin and fibrous like ad occur in bundles

    解説

  • 99

    fibers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - used to make rope and flax fibers for linen

    解説

  • 100

    sclereids

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -short and irregular in shape

    解説

56896

セットの学習コンテンツ

公開初月で
60,000
ダウン
ロード!

無料アプリはこちら!

英単語をウェブサイト
からzuknowに簡単登録

覚えたい単語を選択するだけ!
簡単にzuknowに登録することが
できます

Get the free Chrome Extension

トップ