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Plant Vocabulary

カード 27枚 作成者: Kate (作成日: 2013/12/04)

  • Angiosperm

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公開範囲:

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Angiosperm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Flowering vascular plants that produce fruits.

    解説

  • 2

    Photosynthesis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Process by which plants and may other producers use light energy to produce a simple sugar from carbon dioxide and water and give off oxygen.

    解説

  • 3

    Ovule

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In seed plants, the female reproductive part that produces eggs.

    解説

  • 4

    Stamen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Male reproductive organ inside the flower. Pollen grains form, and a filament.

    解説

  • 5

    Ovary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Swollen base of an angiosperm's pistil where egg-producing ovules are found.

    解説

  • 6

    Respiration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Process by which producers and consumers release stored energy from food molecules.

    解説

  • 7

    Tropism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Positive or negative plant response to an external stimulus such as touch, light, or gravity.

    解説

  • 8

    Nonvascular plant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Plant that absorbs water and other substances directly through its cell walls.

    解説

  • 9

    Chlorophyll

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Green, light-trapping pigment in plant chloroplasts that is important in photosynthesis.

    解説

  • 10

    Rhizome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Underground stem.

    解説

  • 11

    Cuticle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Waxy, protective layer that covers the stems, leaves, and flowers of many plants. Helps prevent water loss.

    解説

  • 12

    Day-neutral plant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Plant that doesn't require a specific photoperiod and can begin the flowering process over a range of night lengths.

    解説

  • 13

    Monocot

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Angiosperm (flowering plant) with one cotyledon inside its seed.

    解説

  • 14

    Germination

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Series of events that results in the growth of a plant from the seed.

    解説

  • 15

    Guard cell

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Pairs of cells that surround stomata and control their opening and closing.

    解説

  • 16

    Gymnosperm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Vascular plants that do not flower. Produce seeds that are not protected by fruit (ex. Conifers).

    解説

  • 17

    Pistil

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Female reproductive organ inside the flower of an angiosperm. Contains a sticky stigma where pollen lands.

    解説

  • 18

    Long day plant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Plant that generally requires short nights-- less that 10-12 hours of darkness to begin the flowering process.

    解説

  • 19

    Short day plant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Plant that generally requires long nights-- 12 or more hours of darkness to begin the flowering process.

    解説

  • 20

    Frond

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Leaf of a fern that grows from the rhizome.

    解説

  • 21

    Cellulose

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Chemical compound made out of sugar. Provides structure and support in plants.

    解説

  • 22

    Rhizoid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Threadlike structures that anchor nonvascular plants to the ground.

    解説

  • 23

    Pollen grain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Small structure produced by the male reproductive organs of a seed plant. Has a water-resistant coat, contains gametophyte parts that will produce sperm.

    解説

  • 24

    Stomata

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Tiny openings in a plant's epidermis through which carbon dioxide, water vapor, and oxygen enter and exit.

    解説

  • 25

    Vascular plant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Plant with tube-like structures that move minerals, water, and other substances throughout the plant.

    解説

  • 26

    Spore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Waterproof reproductive cell of a fungus that can grow into a new organism.

    解説

  • 27

    Pollination

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Transfer of pollen grains to the female part of a seed plant by agents such as gravity, water, wind, animals.

    解説

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