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AP Euro French Revolution

カード 95枚 作成者: Greg (作成日: 2013/12/04)

  • What is the state of the French royal family at the beginning of the French Revolution?

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  • 1

    What is the state of the French royal family at the beginning of the French Revolution?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -15 yr old Prince Louis Cape is marrying 14 yr old Marie Antoinette, a Hapsburg from Austria -When King Louis XVI comes to the throne he doesn't feel ready to rule

    解説

  • 2

    What is the state of the French people at the beginning of the French Revolution? Why?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -poor and hungry: no money after the Seven Years' War but the population had grown by 6 million

    解説

  • 3

    What is happening relative to the Enlightenment and the social structure in Paris at the beginning of the French Revolution?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the scientific ideas, reason, and equality of the Enlightenment challenge the hierarchy of nobility vrs clergy vrs poor

    解説

  • 4

    How is the French Revolution related to the American Revolution?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • They were happening at the same time: Louis sent money to support the American and incurrs more debt.

    解説

  • 5

    How did the people feel about their queen Marie Antoinette during the French Revolution?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • she becomes known as Madam Deficit because of the extravagence she maintains despite the debt and famine in the rest of the country, she was known for her extranvagant tastes particularly in fashion and HUGE haridos

    解説

  • 6

    What kinds of rumors are spread about the royal family that hurt the general opinion about them at the beginning fo the French Revolution?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • For years they produce no heir

    解説

  • 7

    What competely uncontrollable thing happened that only increased the people's desperation at the beginning of the French Revolution?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a very hard winter in 1789: people were starving

    解説

  • 8

    What happens as a result of Louis's ineptitude?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bread prices skyrocket--> robberies, crime, rioting

    解説

  • 9

    What does Louis try to do?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fix taxes... it doesn't work

    解説

  • 10

    Who is Jacque Necker?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a member of the bourgeiosie who becomes Louis financial minister

    解説

  • 11

    What does Jacque Necker have in his favor?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the people like him: he is a member of the bourgeiosie (more able to understand their point of view) and he beleived that the government should be responsible for making sure that the people had enough bread

    解説

  • 12

    What does Jacques Necker do?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • he has Louis call the Estates General for the first time in a long time

    解説

  • 13

    What shouldn't calling the Estates General be effective in fixing taxes?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • It gives the noblitiy more power, they will not want to tax themselves

    解説

  • 14

    What is done to get the nobility to tax themselves?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Necker and Louis have the people write lists of grievances so that the nobles will understand where the tax money is going, the peopel are very excited that they have this opportunity

    解説

  • 15

    What is the biggest problem with the Estates General itself?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the collective clergy, collective nobility and collective people deliberate independantly and each get one vote towards each decision even though the Third Estate (of the commoners) represents over 90% of the population

    解説

  • 16

    Who is the leader of the Estates General?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Robespierre

    解説

  • 17

    How did the Tennis Court Vow happen?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the Third Estate wanted each person to have a single vote--> Louis doesn't like that idea --> deputies of the Third Estate are locked out of their usual meeting place--> they meet on a tennis court instead --> vow to make a new constitution --> become the National Assembly of the people's will

    解説

  • 18

    What happens in response to the Tennies Court Vow?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Louis sends an army to Paris --> people for their own national gaurd --> they attack the Bastille --> kill governor DeLoney (and carry his head around) --> tear down the Bastille

    解説

  • 19

    What is the significane of the violence surrounding the storming of the Bastille?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the people have defied the king and WON

    解説

  • 20

    What did the National Assembly write after the storming of the Bastille?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The Declaration of the Rights of Man

    解説

  • 21

    What new freedom did Marat take advantage of, how?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • he published La Mi du Peuple: a newspaper full of anger and calling for blood

    解説

  • 22

    What happens in response to the storming of the Bastille?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • both sides (nobles and commoners) think the other is going to attack --> commoners attack first and kills some nobles, others flee

    解説

  • 23

    What is an example of how Marat effected the events of the Revolution?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • he publicizes a rumor that nobles had trampled the flag of the revolution this and the arrival of more troops in Paris leads a group of mostly brawny women to march to Versailles on October 5, 1789

    解説

  • 24

    What did the women who marched to Versailles demand?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Louis must sign the Declaration of the Rights of Man, -the royal must go to Paris, where they become prisoners of Paris in the Tuileries palace

    解説

  • 25

    As the Revolution gets underway, what how did the people in country feel about what's happening?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • many became disillusioned

    解説

  • 26

    What were the Jacobins originally?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a debating club

    解説

  • 27

    By what name was Robespierre known?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "the incorruptable"

    解説

  • 28

    What were some of Robespierre's beleifs?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -no slavery -no executions

    解説

  • 29

    The royal family is being held prisoner in Paris, what big mistake do they make? What is the consequence?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • they try to run away across the Austrian border, but the rumor beats them --> they are caught and taken back to Paris, the people now think that their king has tried to abandon his people --> he will be one day be found guilty of treason

    解説

  • 30

    What part does Joseph Ingnas Guillotin play in the Revolution?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • he invents the Guillotine

    解説

  • 31

    Why does the invention of the guillotine fit in well with Enlightenment ideas?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -it is more humane (than burning at the stake or drawing and quartering), -it is equal: all people can be subject to the guillotine

    解説

  • 32

    How does Marat view the Guillotine?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • he encourages it: calls it the "National Razor"

    解説

  • 33

    What views do the Girondins hold? What do they do?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • they encourgage war: declare war on Austria

    解説

  • 34

    Why do the Girondins encourage war?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -they are afraid Louis relatives in Austria will counterattack, -hope war will unite the divisions in France

    解説

  • 35

    How does Robespierre feel about declaring war?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • He's afraid they won't win

    解説

  • 36

    How do foreign powers get involved in the Revolution and why?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Austria and Prussia want to maintain monarchies --> Brunswick Manifesto

    解説

  • 37

    What does the Brunswick Manifesto say?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • no one in France can harm the kind or queen... or else

    解説

  • 38

    What happens as a result of the Brunswick Manifesto?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • it backfires: people see it as a threat --> attack Tuleries --> no king --> Robespierre decides king should die

    解説

  • 39

    Briefly compare and contrast the Girondins and Jacobins.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -both support revolution, -Girondins: more moderate, -Jacobins: more radical

    解説

  • 40

    What were culottes?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tailored britches worn by the nobility and upper bourgeoisie

    解説

  • 41

    Who were the sans-culottes?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the petite bourgeoisie who wore normal pants and esentially ran Paris

    解説

  • 42

    What does George Danton do?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • as the French are losing to Austria, he ties to recruit people into the army

    解説

  • 43

    What happens because of George Danton's efforts?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Paris is left defenseless and holding lots of prisoners --> the sans-culottes attack prisons --> more than 16,000 dead in a matter of days

    解説

  • 44

    Who calls for the trail and execution of the king?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Robespierre

    解説

  • 45

    What does the death of the king mean?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the Revolutionaries have won

    解説

  • 46

    What are some of the views of the violence after the kings death?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Girondins: afraid of civil war, Marat: more people should die, People: don't like the violence

    解説

  • 47

    What does Charlotte Corday do?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • goes to Marat with list of traitors and then stabs him

    解説

  • 48

    What happens to Marat after he is murdered?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • he becomes a legend identified with Christ

    解説

  • 49

    After her husband's death, what happens to Marie Antoinette?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • she is no longer so beautiful and extravagent, she is a symbol of royal/noble culture that the people are trying to get rid of, is put on trial and acussed of incest: doesn't even get a carriage to the guillotine

    解説

  • 50

    What happens to the state of things during the Terror?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -no constituion, -"emergency government" supposed to secure people, -new social norms: address is "citizen", no culottes, no showing off wealth, nothing royalist, anyone could be picked up for a quick 'trial' and execution

    解説

  • 51

    What was the Committee of Public Safety?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a collective dictatorship of 12 people headed by Robespierre

    解説

  • 52

    What is Jacques Renee Hebert's idea?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • de-Christianization to solve wedge between revolutionaries and good Catholics

    解説

  • 53

    What had happened between the Church and Revolutionaries?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Church reforms --> bishopics and diocese mathc provinces --> Pope gets upset --> Pope goes against revolution --> French clergy must make oath to revolution and republic --> refractory clergy and religious peasants who stick with the Pope

    解説

  • 54

    What specifically happens with the de-Christianization?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -churches become temples of reason in Paris, -no Christian calendar: 1792 begins year 1; 3 week months based on seasons; weeks 10 days (no Sunday)

    解説

  • 55

    What happened to counter-revolutionaries during the Terror?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Vendee: over 100,000 drowned, Lyon: hundreds taken into fields and shot

    解説

  • 56

    Who comes into the war and begins to change the outlook?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Napoleon rises through the ranks and starts winning battles in the South

    解説

  • 57

    Why is France starting to turn the tides in the war?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • they have mobilized the whole country with the Levy in Mass (every able bodied man had to fight), Note: not everyone liked this, in fact a lot of people didn't

    解説

  • 58

    Robespierre has saved the revolution with terror, what does he want to do next?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • civic virtue by terror: he declares that "virtue w/o terror is powerless" in his 1794 speech

    解説

  • 59

    By the end of the Terror, what does Danton think?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the Revolution has gone far enough: he doesn't like where it's going

    解説

  • 60

    What does Robespierre do about Danton's change in loyalty?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • he sees it as treason --> has Dantonists rounded up and executed

    解説

  • 61

    What characterized the Great Terror?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -800 executions per month in Paris, -new holiday for new religion "Goddess of Reason": Festival of the Supreme Being (people skeptical: reason? reality?)

    解説

  • 62

    What happens to Robespierre?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • he says he has of a list of treasonist, but won't tell, arrested the next day, tries to commit suicide but fails

    解説

  • 63

    What happens after Robespierre?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • republic and democracy continue, people don't want terror or monarchy, People take their lives in their own hands.

    解説

  • 64

    List causes fo the Revolution.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -food shortage + spending monarchy; royal inability to cope

    解説

  • 65

    List causes fo the Revolution.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -enlightenment ideas: people questioning

    解説

  • 66

    List causes fo the Revolution.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Louis locked out deputies (immediate cause)

    解説

  • 67

    List causes fo the Revolution.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -misrepresentation in the Estates General

    解説

  • 68

    List causes fo the Revolution.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -difference between really rich and really poor

    解説

  • 69

    List causes fo the Revolution.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -sans-culottes and urban poor taxes going up (a spark in Paris)

    解説

  • 70

    List causes fo the Revolution.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -bourgeoisie have the influence of commoners: been getting bigger and richer, will want more government power, take advantage of violence in France

    解説

  • 71

    List causes fo the Revolution.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -noble resurrgance: they had been losing power, wanted to take more power from weak king, Estates General called b/c nobles didn't want taxes

    解説

  • 72

    What Enlightnement ideas were in support of the Revolution and how?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -equality: guillotine (actually got worse for a while)

    解説

  • 73

    What Enlightnement ideas were in support of the Revolution and how?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -reason: questions monarchy

    解説

  • 74

    What Enlightnement ideas were in support of the Revolution and how?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -secularism: deism, de-Christianization

    解説

  • 75

    What Enlightnement ideas were in support of the Revolution and how?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -fraternity: bringing people together agianst Austria

    解説

  • 76

    What Enlightnement ideas were in support of the Revolution and how?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Montesquieu: checks and balances

    解説

  • 77

    What Enlightnement ideas were in support of the Revolution and how?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Robespierre: like Rousseau, tyring to accomplish the general will

    解説

  • 78

    What Enlightnement ideas were in support of the Revolution and how?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -during the Terror: people tyring to help each other, price controls, advice for farmers, meritocracy

    解説

  • 79

    What happened during the Thermadorian Reaction after Robespierre's death?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • things went backwards: wore culottes, used Madmoiselle etc, showing off wealth, partying, White Terror: Jacobins targeted

    解説

  • 80

    What is the sequence of people involved in revolutions according to William Fulbright?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • men of words (philosophes, Rousseau, Voltaire) --> fanatics --> practical men of action (Napoleon)

    解説

  • 81

    What are the stages of a revolution, according to William Fulbright?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • demoralization of traditional ruling classes (Enlightenment contradicts aristocracy, monarchial ineptitude, third estate) --> rule of moderates (National Assembly) --[king's failure, fear of counter-revolutionaries]--> rule of extremists (terror) --> practiacally/return to normalcy (Thermador)

    解説

  • 82

    According to William Fulbright, what characterized the rule of extremists?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -fanatical intolerance, ruthless idealism to justify acts of extreme cruelty

    解説

  • 83

    According to William Fulbright, what characterized the rule of extremists?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -propagandizing, streetfighting, terrorism, guerrilla warfare

    解説

  • 84

    According to William Fulbright, what characterized the rule of extremists?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -abandonment of liberties/legalities that got them in power

    解説

  • 85

    According to William Fulbright, what characterized the rule of extremists?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -dictatorship

    解説

  • 86

    According to William Fulbright, what characterized the rule of extremists?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -ascetics and puritanical

    解説

  • 87

    What does Fulbright conclude about Revolutions?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • They don't work since human nature doesn't allow itself to be instantly remade.

    解説

  • 88

    What was the Directory?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the republican government after(ish) the Thermadorian Reaction

    解説

  • 89

    What were the problems of the Directory?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -a lot of people thought thought a monarchy would be ok --> monarchists would win elections --> 2/3 of members of Directory must be members of the previous government (Jacobins)

    解説

  • 90

    What happens because of the problems with the Directory? And what is it's significance?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • annoyed royalists riot in Paris --> Napoleon comes in and puts it down with a "whiff of grapeshot", shows that the government is dependant on the military

    解説

  • 91

    Who is Graccus Babeuf? What did he want? What did he do?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -a left wing radical

    解説

  • 92

    Who is Graccus Babeuf? What did he want? What did he do?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -no private property and a dictator

    解説

  • 93

    Who is Graccus Babeuf? What did he want? What did he do?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -rebelled but was unsuccessful

    解説

  • 94

    What happened in March 1797?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the first truely free election --> monarchists won --> constitutional monarchy

    解説

  • 95

    What happened in March 1797?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the first truely free election --> monarchists won --> constitutional monarchy

    解説

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