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Movie Quiz 2

カード 60枚 作成者: Movie lover (作成日: 2013/12/04)

  • Bats have been flying for about ___ years, which is around 200 million years more recent than when insects took to the air

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Bats have been flying for about ___ years, which is around 200 million years more recent than when insects took to the air

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 60 million

    解説

  • 2

    The ____ of fossilized feathers suggests the feathers were used for flight

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • symmetry

    解説

  • 3

    Most modern birds still have reptile-like scales, especially on their ____.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • legs

    解説

  • 4

    As kerotinous scales evolved into feathers, these early feathers may have been used mostly for

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • insulation

    解説

  • 5

    The hoatzins of South America have _____ on their wings, and the manner in which hoatzins use these structures may resemble how archaeopteryx would have used them.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hooks/claws

    解説

  • 6

    The largest flying bird that has ever existed was probably a giant _____ that had a wingspan over 20 feet wide.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • vulture

    解説

  • 7

    As modern bird families became established, the _______ and the birds competed for 'dominance.'

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • mammals

    解説

  • 8

    the filaments of ostrich feathers lack ____, so the feathers can not be zipped to form a contiguous blade.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hooks

    解説

  • 9

    In birds, flight is valuable for escaping from predators and has a low energetic cost

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • false

    解説

  • 10

    many bird species found in ______ arrived long ago from australia and evolved into what we see today

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • new zealand

    解説

  • 11

    The Kiwi uses its keen sense of smell to find food in the leaf litter.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • True

    解説

  • 12

    After humans in new zealand caused the extinction of 12 species of moas, an immense ______ that hunted the Moas also went extinct.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • eagle

    解説

  • 13

    A takahe chick stays with its parent for up to ____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one year

    解説

  • 14

    The male kakapo creates a shallow bowl on a mountain top from where he ________

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • would mate

    解説

  • 15

    When Life of Birds was made, there were about _____ black stilts in the wild.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 200

    解説

  • 16

    According to moulton there are ___ levels of factors that could influence which species are successful when introduced

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3

    解説

  • 17

    Oahu and Tahiti have roughly the same number of successfully introduced passerine birds

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • False

    解説

  • 18

    _______ was the british scientist who argued that islands were easier to invade than mainlands

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • charles elton

    解説

  • 19

    The old GFC released scores of ____ south of lake okeechobee for recreational hunting

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • white winged doves

    解説

  • 20

    ____ is a species related to mockingbirds that lives in dense woods in the eastern US.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Gray catbird (brown thrasher)

    解説

  • 21

    When artificial prairies in the upper peninsula of michigan were replaced with shrublands shaptailed grouse invaded

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • True

    解説

  • 22

    Lawrence's warblers are actually rare hybrids

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • True

    解説

  • 23

    Kirtland's warblers nest on the ground

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • True

    解説

  • 24

    When the USFWS began trapping cowbirds in michigan, __% of kirtland's warbler nests were parasitized.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 70%

    解説

  • 25

    Zebra Mussels have helped form a "dead zone" in ______

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Lake Eerie

    解説

  • 26

    Agriculturally induced dead zones are mostly due to the runoff of fertilizer.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • True

    解説

  • 27

    In england immuno-contraception was tried as a control for introduced ____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • gray squirrels

    解説

  • 28

    The old GFC brought cougars to Florida to control wild hogs.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • False

    解説

  • 29

    Side-necked Turtles live only in ____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Southern hemisphere

    解説

  • 30

    ratite birds are found only in the old world

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • False

    解説

  • 31

    Archaeopteryx is known from fossils found in _____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Germany

    解説

  • 32

    _____ have just two toes per foot

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Ostriches

    解説

  • 33

    Brian McNab a zoology Professor at UF argued that flightlessness in carinate birds likely evolved ______

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to reduce energy expenditures

    解説

  • 34

    In Darwin's frog of chile the young develop in

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the vocal sac of their father

    解説

  • 35

    No salamander species uses external fertilization

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • True

    解説

  • 36

    The non-aquatic animal group with the widest range of techniques and tools for obtaining food from world's waterbodies is the ____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • birds

    解説

  • 37

    The country of ______ is home to the wrybill, the only bird in the world with a beak bent to one side

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • New Zealand

    解説

  • 38

    The American dipper's dense, oily ____ traps air which keeps the birds warm, but also buoyant, underwater.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (outer feathers)

    解説

  • 39

    The Darter ___ to resolve the problem of having water-absorbent feathers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dries itself

    解説

  • 40

    Africa's black heron uses it's wings to create _____, which helps the bird see fish, and may even attract fish.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • shade

    解説

  • 41

    Thelower beak of the _____ is longer than the upper beak.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • skimmer

    解説

  • 42

    Ducks, such as the mallard, keep their plumage water-resistant by anointing it with oil from a ___ on their rump.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • gland

    解説

  • 43

    All ducks have webbed feet.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • True

    解説

  • 44

    Waders like godwits, dowitchers, and sanderlings might forage in the same area, but competition between them is reduced because their ___ are of different shapes and sizes.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • beaks

    解説

  • 45

    Boobies pursue their prey by _____.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bombardment

    解説

  • 46

    The short wings of auks represent a trade-off between being able to ___ well and flying rather weakly.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • swim

    解説

  • 47

    compared to large penguins, little equatorial penguins may be more similar to the ancestral penguin because the ancestral penguin probably ________

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • had flipper and couldn't fly.

    解説

  • 48

    Providence petrals belong to a group of birds with a _____ which channels air toward a sensory organ and allows the petrels to find food that may be far away

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tube

    解説

  • 49

    Due to their enormous wingspans, albatrosses do not land on water because they would not be able to take flight

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • false

    解説

  • 50

    over ____ species of birds inhabit the small, remote galapagos islands, perhaps because of the abundance of food in the surrounding area

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 150

    解説

  • 51

    A female bird lays her eggs because it would be very difficult, if not impossible, for her to ____ with one or more eggs inside her.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fly

    解説

  • 52

    Some woodpeckers nest inside the nests of ____ which, in turn, provide protection for the woodpecker

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ants

    解説

  • 53

    The majority of birds build a nest

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • True

    解説

  • 54

    Birds that build nests on tree branches might conceal the outside of the nest with _____ materials such as lichen or bark, depending on what matches the tree.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Coarser

    解説

  • 55

    The thatch roof of large, communal bird nests, such as those of the sociable weaver finches, acts as ____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • insulation.

    解説

  • 56

    A bird egg develops its hard shell in the part of the oviduct where there are glands that produce _____ and pigment.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Lime

    解説

  • 57

    A female Kiwi produces one egg that is _____ a quarter of her total body weight.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A quarter

    解説

  • 58

    The blue Tit is an example of a bird that lays many eggs because each has a low chance of _____.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Survival

    解説

  • 59

    To protect their eggs from predators, birds may build their nest near the nest of ____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • wasps

    解説

  • 60

    the major problem facing most nesting birds is keeping their eggs ____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • warm

    解説

56653

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