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Earth Science terms

カード 25枚 作成者: Brock (作成日: 2013/12/03)

  • viscosity

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公開範囲:

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    viscosity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The resistance of liquid against sheer force.

    解説

  • 2

    mafic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • silicate mineral or rock that is rich in magnesium and iron which gives it a darker color.

    解説

  • 3

    pahoehoe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Lava that flows freely.

    解説

  • 4

    laccolith

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An igneous intrusion which is injected than crushed between two layers of sedimantary rock.

    解説

  • 5

    subduction boundary eruption

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Volcanoes that occur above the subduction zones

    解説

  • 6

    dormant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The state of temporary inactivity.

    解説

  • 7

    pyroclastic flow

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The flow of volcanic ash, dust, rocks and debris that rushes down the slope of the volcano during an eruption.

    解説

  • 8

    tephra

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Small pulverized pieces of rock and glass made by a volcanic eruption

    解説

  • 9

    felsic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Minerals such as silicate minerals, magma, and rocks which are enriched in the lighter elements such as silicon, oxygen, aluminium, sodium, and potassium.

    解説

  • 10

    aa

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A dry like form of lava that resembles clinkers.

    解説

  • 11

    magma

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Molten rock inside the earth's crust

    解説

  • 12

    volcanic lapilla

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A size classification for tephra. Lapilla means "little stones" in Latin terms.

    解説

  • 13

    landslide

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A mass of dirt and rock sliding down a mountain or cliff.

    解説

  • 14

    sill

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a kind of planar igneous intrusion that has intruded parallel to layering or bedding in rocks.

    解説

  • 15

    ash column

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The volcanoes ejection of ash towards the atmosphere

    解説

  • 16

    lahar

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An avalanche of volcanic mud and water that is down the slopes of the volcano

    解説

  • 17

    lateral blast

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An explosion in which the energy released is directed horizontally instead of vertically as in a regular eruption.

    解説

  • 18

    hot spot

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An intense rise in heat or radiation in a certain area.

    解説

  • 19

    volcanic ash

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Made up of small cinders and dust particles made by the eruption of certain volcanoes. It can travel far distances away from the volcano that produced it

    解説

  • 20

    volcanic bombs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A mass of molten rock that is formed when a volcano ejects fragments of lava during an eruption. It cools into solid fragments before hitting the ground.

    解説

  • 21

    lava

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A rock that is in molten form, produced from volcanoes.

    解説

  • 22

    dike

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Magma that cuts across layers of rock and hardens.

    解説

  • 23

    rift eruption

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Lava flowing in the long, narrow cracks in the Earth's crust

    解説

  • 24

    batholiths

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Large crust like intrusions of molten material that has solidified underground that are usually dome shaped and gigantic.

    解説

  • 25

    pluton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an intrusive igneous rock that crystallized from magma slowly cooling below the surface of the Earth.

    解説

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