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Earth Science : Atmosphere

カード 33枚 作成者: Brock (作成日: 2013/12/03)

  • Weather

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公開範囲:

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Weather

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place.

    解説

  • 2

    Condensation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The process by which a gas changes to a liquid.

    解説

  • 3

    Equator

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Imaginary line around center of Earth (0 degrees latitude), divides Earth into 2 halves.

    解説

  • 4

    Ionosphere

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Lower part of Thermosphere, 80 - 550 kilometers. "Ions" (charged particles) reflect radio signals, contribute to aurora boreolis.

    解説

  • 5

    Barometer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An instrument that measures air pressure in the atmosphere.

    解説

  • 6

    Prevailing Westerlies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Winds found between 30 and 60 degrees latitude.

    解説

  • 7

    Atmosphere

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The layer of gas that surrounds the Earth

    解説

  • 8

    Sea/Water Breeze

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Wind blows from the water toward the land. Occurs during the day as air over land heats up faster and rises, drawing in the cooler air over a nearby body of water.

    解説

  • 9

    Photochemical Smog

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A brownish haze that is a mixture of ozone and other chemicals formed when nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons, and other pollutants react with each other in the presence of sunlight.

    解説

  • 10

    Humidity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The amount of water vapor in the air.

    解説

  • 11

    Trade Winds

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Winds directly above and below the equater, from 0-30 degrees latitude.

    解説

  • 12

    Polar Easterlies

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Found at both poles,from 65 latitude and above.

    解説

  • 13

    Convection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The transfer of energy from place to place by the motion of gas or liquid.

    解説

  • 14

    Troposphere

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "Changing layer", located 0-12 kilometers from Earth's surface, gets colder as you go up.

    解説

  • 15

    Coriolis Effect

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The influence of Eath's rotation on objects that makes winds seem to curve.

    解説

  • 16

    Ozone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • O3 molecues which form a layer in the top of the stratosphere which blocks ultraviolet radiation from the sun.

    解説

  • 17

    Thermosphere

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "Heat layer", extends from 80 kilometers, extreme hot temperatures. Divided into two layers.

    解説

  • 18

    Doldrums

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Windless zone found at the equator.

    解説

  • 19

    Relative Humidity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The comparision of the amount of water vapor in the air with the maximum amout of water vapor that air at that temperature can hold.

    解説

  • 20

    Dew Point

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The temperature at which air with a given amount of water vapor will reach saturation.

    解説

  • 21

    Jet Stream

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A wind that flows in the upper troposphere from west to east over vast distances at great speeds.

    解説

  • 22

    Air Pressure

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The force of air molecules pushing on an area.

    解説

  • 23

    Exosphere

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Outer part of Thermosphere, . "Outer layer", extends to 400+ kilometers above Earth's surface, temperature increases with altitude. Communication satelites found here.

    解説

  • 24

    Evaporation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A process by which a substance changes from its liquid state to its gas state by random particle movement.

    解説

  • 25

    Acid Rain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rain that contains more acid than normal

    解説

  • 26

    Wind

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The horizontal movement of air caused by differences in air pressure.

    解説

  • 27

    Mesosphere

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "Middle layer", extends from 50-80 kilometers fro the Earth, very cold. Meteors burn up here.

    解説

  • 28

    Land Breeze

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Wind blows from the land out to the water. Occurs at night as land cools faster than a nearby body of water and flows out to replace warm air that is rising above the water.

    解説

  • 29

    Radiation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Energy that travels across distances in the form of certain types of waves.

    解説

  • 30

    Conduction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The transfer of heat energy from one substance to another by direct contact.

    解説

  • 31

    Stratosphere

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "Spread out layer", 12-50 kilometers from Earth, contains ozone layer, gets hotter as you go up.

    解説

  • 32

    Psychrometer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An used to measure relative hummidity. Consists of a wet bulb thermometer and a dry bulb thermometer.

    解説

  • 33

    Horse Latitudes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Found between the Trade Winds and the Prevailing Westerlies, area of poor winds.

    解説

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