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Environment Vocab #2

カード 26枚 作成者: Sher (作成日: 2013/12/03)

  • IPAT Model (I=PAT)

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    IPAT Model (I=PAT)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Formula that represents how humans's total impact on the environment results from the interaction( I ) among population (P), affluence(A), and technology(T)

    解説

  • 2

    Poverty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A social factor of population where under developed nations have a strong correlation with increased fertility rates and generally have larger populations

    解説

  • 3

    Population Size

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The actual number of people (Organisms)

    解説

  • 4

    Population Growth

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Technological advances, improved sanitation, medical advances, and increased agricultural output are the four major factors influencing _________

    解説

  • 5

    Replacement Fertility

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rate a female's children replace them (2.1 - 2 Children to each mother & father) that keeps the size of a population stable. Anything above is growth and below is decline

    解説

  • 6

    Woman's Empowerment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A social factor of population where women receive education that positively influence fertility rates

    解説

  • 7

    Transitional Stage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Second stage of the demographic transition model, characterized by declining death rates but continued high birth rates (HIGH=POPULATION GROWTH)

    解説

  • 8

    Populations Births, Deaths, Immigration, and Emigration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • How many people in a community were born, died, came in, or left a particular area

    解説

  • 9

    Industrial Stage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Third stage of the demographic transition model, characterized by falling birth rates that close the gap with falling death rates (LOW=REDUCED POPULATION GROWTH)

    解説

  • 10

    Demographic Transition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Model of economic and cultural change that explains the declining death rates and birth rates that occurred in Western nations as they became industrialized

    解説

  • 11

    Life Expectancy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The average time a person can expect to live

    解説

  • 12

    Population Growth Problems

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Where will we put an extra 7 billion people? , Not enough land for crops (food), or housing., Will we have enough clean water for agriculture and/or drinking (droughts in Midwest getting more consistant)

    解説

  • 13

    Post-Industrial Stage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Final stage of the demographic transition model, in which both birth and death rates have fallen to a low level (LOW/STABLE)

    解説

  • 14

    Human Population

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Approaching 7 billion and growing at a tremendous rate (2.5 people/second). Doubling faster due to exponential growth

    解説

  • 15

    Population Sex

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The ratio of male to female (more females results in more population) About 100 Females to 106 Males

    解説

  • 16

    Population Density

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • How the population is dispersed (EX: Clustered near resources)

    解説

  • 17

    Total Fertility Rate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The average number of children born per female member of a population during her lifetime, Rapid increase is a pyramid, Decline is a lightbulb, and stable is a narrow pyramid

    解説

  • 18

    Pre-Industrial Stage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • First stage of the demographic transition model, characterized by conditions that defined most of human history; both death rates and birth rates are high (HIGH/STABLE)

    解説

  • 19

    Per Capita Income

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Creates an impact on the environment (generally negative) because the rich use more natural resources (larger footprint), poverty correlates with increased fertility rates and impact, and overpopulation increase potential conflict over natural resources

    解説

  • 20

    Population Age

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • What is the general % of old, young, and reproductive people in a population

    解説

  • 21

    Demography

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The study of statistical change in human populations (characteristics) Includes population size, density, age, sex, births, deaths, immigration, emigration, and total fertility rate

    解説

  • 22

    Growth Rate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Reacher 1 billion in 1800, and it took only 2 years to reach 7 billion (1 billion/12 years). Rate at 2.1%. Population will double in 33 years at that rate (J-Curve)

    解説

  • 23

    Technology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Helps us reduce emissions, pollution, waste, and renewable energy, and exploit natural resources efficiently. Not all good or all bad

    解説

  • 24

    Family Planning

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A social factor of population where designing a well-thought plan with someone about what you want your family to be like positively influences fertility rates

    解説

  • 25

    Summation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Affluent nations cannot continue to consume at the current rate because resources won't be able to sustain at those levels of consumption, U.S top dog in weaponry NOT economics

    解説

  • 26

    Affluence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Wealthier nations/people utilize more resources for consumer goods/lifestyle

    解説

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