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Environment Vocab

カード 32枚 作成者: Najib (作成日: 2013/12/03)

  • adaptation

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公開範囲:

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    adaptation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a characteristic that improves an individual's ability to survive and reproduce in a particular environment

    解説

  • 2

    keystone species

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a species that has an unusually large effect on its ecosystem, ex. humans

    解説

  • 3

    producer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an organism that makes its own food; form the basis of food chains, pyramids, or webs

    解説

  • 4

    consumer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms

    解説

  • 5

    herbivore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • organism that obtains energy by eating only plants

    解説

  • 6

    carnivore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • organism that obtains energy by eating animals

    解説

  • 7

    omnivore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • organism that obtains energy by eating both plants and animals

    解説

  • 8

    decomposer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • detrivore that breaks down organic matter into simpler compounds, returning nutrients back into an ecosystem

    解説

  • 9

    specialist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a species with a narrow niche that can tolerate a narrow range of conditions and can use only a few specific resources; more vulnerable to extinction if environment changes

    解説

  • 10

    generalist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a species with a broad niche that can tolerate a wide range of conditions and can use a variety of resources

    解説

  • 11

    trophic level

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one of the steps in a food chain or food pyramid; examples include producers and primary, secondary, and tertiary consumers

    解説

  • 12

    habitat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the place where an organism lives

    解説

  • 13

    ecological niche

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A specific role of a species within an ecosystem, including its use of resources, and relationships with other species.

    解説

  • 14

    predation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an interaction in which one organism kills and eats another

    解説

  • 15

    symbiosis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the relation between two different species of organisms that are interdependent

    解説

  • 16

    mutualism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • symbiotic relationship in which both species benefit from the relationship

    解説

  • 17

    population dispersion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • General pattern in which the members of a population are arranged throughout its habitat

    解説

  • 18

    carrying capacity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • largest number of individuals of a population that a environment can support

    解説

  • 19

    density-dependent limiting factor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • environmental resistance that affects a population that has become overly crowded; ex. parasitism, disease

    解説

  • 20

    tropical rain forest biome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • biome characterized by large amounts of rainfall, steady warm to hot temperatures, thick canopies and understories, little nutrients in the soil, and high biodiversity

    解説

  • 21

    grassland biome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Low rainfall, warm or hot summers, cold winters. Dominated by grasses and other plants than can withstand grazing.

    解説

  • 22

    temperate forest biome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • made of a mix of deciduous and evergreen trees. fertile soils with rich humus layers. 4 seasons with warm summers and cold winters

    解説

  • 23

    intertidal zone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • portion of the shoreline that lies between the high and low tide lines

    解説

  • 24

    nonrenewable resource

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a resource that forms at a rate that is much slower than the rate at which it is consumed

    解説

  • 25

    ecological footprint

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • total amount of functioning ecosystem needed both to provide the food, water, shelter, and energy an organism or population uses and to absorb the wastes that population generates

    解説

  • 26

    pollution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Release of harmful materials into the environment

    解説

  • 27

    greenhouse effect

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosphere by carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, and other gases

    解説

  • 28

    global warming

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • increase in the average temperatures on Earth

    解説

  • 29

    biomagnification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • buildup of pollutants at higher levels of the food chain

    解説

  • 30

    sustainable development

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

    解説

  • 31

    overharvesting

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • catching or removing from a population more organisms than the population can replace

    解説

  • 32

    instinct

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a natural feeling that guides one to act in a certain way

    解説

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