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Ecology & Environment

カード 40枚 作成者: Sher (作成日: 2013/12/03)

  • Ecology

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教材の説明:

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公開範囲:

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Ecology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment

    解説

  • 2

    Habitat Destruction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the loss of natural habitat

    解説

  • 3

    Food Chain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a series of steps in which organisms transfer energy by eating and being eaten

    解説

  • 4

    Competition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Results when there aren't enough resources such as food, water, and habitat

    解説

  • 5

    Biome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a group of ecosystems that have the same climate and dominant communities.

    解説

  • 6

    Global Warming

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere (especially a sustained increase that causes climatic changes)

    解説

  • 7

    Pollutant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • waste matter that contaminates the water or air or soil

    解説

  • 8

    Habitat

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The environment where an organism lives and that provides the things the organism needs

    解説

  • 9

    Abiotic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • All non-living factors in an ecosystem

    解説

  • 10

    Environment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • all of the surrounding things, conditions, and influences affecting the growth or development of living things.

    解説

  • 11

    Producer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Organisms that synthesize organic material for nutrition

    解説

  • 12

    Mutualism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a relationship between two species of organisms in which both benefit from the association

    解説

  • 13

    Limiting Factor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • When resources are limited, and a population is unable to grow, that resource is a

    解説

  • 14

    Prey

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • animal hunted or caught for food

    解説

  • 15

    Community

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an group of interacting populations occupying a given area

    解説

  • 16

    Commensalism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a relation between organisms in which one benefits and the other is not affected

    解説

  • 17

    Population

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • all the individuals of one species in a given area

    解説

  • 18

    Niche

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the position or function of an organism in a community of plants and animals

    解説

  • 19

    Biosphere

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the ecosystem comprising the entire earth and the living organisms that inhabit it.

    解説

  • 20

    Fossil Fuel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fuel consisting of the remains of organisms preserved in rocks in the earth's crust with high carbon and hydrogen content

    解説

  • 21

    Decomposer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Organisms that take nutrients from decaying matter and return it to the ecosystem

    解説

  • 22

    Trophic Level

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • each step in a food chain or food web

    解説

  • 23

    Carnivore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Organism that eats primarily meat

    解説

  • 24

    Parasitism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a relation between organisms in which one benefits and the other may be harmed

    解説

  • 25

    Renewable Resource

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a resource that can be replaced or used over and over again (ex. soil, water, plants, animals)

    解説

  • 26

    Symbiosis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the living together of two dissimilar organisms

    解説

  • 27

    Deforestation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • widespread of cutting down trees

    解説

  • 28

    Biodiversity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the number of different species living in an ecosystem

    解説

  • 29

    Erosion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the process by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, winds, waves, etc

    解説

  • 30

    Ozone Shield

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A layer of the atmosphere in which there is a relatively high concentration of O3 that absorbs ultraviolet radiation from the sun.

    解説

  • 31

    Consumer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Organisms that need to obtain nutrients from the environment

    解説

  • 32

    Succession

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the gradual and orderly process of change in an ecosystem brought about by the progressive replacement of one community by another until a stable climax is established

    解説

  • 33

    Biotic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • any living or previously living component of an environment

    解説

  • 34

    Herbivore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Organism that eats primarily plant material

    解説

  • 35

    Toxic Waste

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hazardous waste causing danger from chemicals and infectious organisms

    解説

  • 36

    Energy Pyramid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Shows loss of energy at each level of the food chain

    解説

  • 37

    Food Web

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • when the feeding relationships among the various organisms in an ecosystem form a network of complex interactions

    解説

  • 38

    Predator

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • any animal that lives by preying on other animals

    解説

  • 39

    Carrying Capacity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • largest number of individuals of a population that a environment can support

    解説

  • 40

    Solar Energy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • energy from the sun that is converted into thermal or electrical energy

    解説

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