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Cells

カード 34枚 作成者: Sher (作成日: 2013/12/03)

  • cell

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教材の説明:

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公開範囲:

公開

言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    cell

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the basic unit of structure and function that makes up all organisms

    解説

  • 2

    lysosome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • specialized organelle that contains digestive enzymes; "suicide sac"

    解説

  • 3

    selectively permeable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • property of the cell membrane that keeps some materials out and allows others in

    解説

  • 4

    excretion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • removal of all the wastes produced by cells of the body

    解説

  • 5

    endoplasmic reticulum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a network of membranes within the cytoplasm of a cell that synthesizes proteins and lipids; smooth ER makes lipids; rough ER makes proteins

    解説

  • 6

    ribosome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one of the tiny structures in the cells that is the site of protein production (synthesis)

    解説

  • 7

    synthesis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a life process that involves combining simple substances into more complex substances

    解説

  • 8

    endocytosis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • bringing substances into a cell

    解説

  • 9

    organelle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a structure within a cell that caries out a specific function

    解説

  • 10

    cytoplasm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the jellylike substance that is between the cell membrane and the nucleus and that contains specialized structures

    解説

  • 11

    osmosis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • diffusion of water

    解説

  • 12

    vesicle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a small, membrane-enclosed sac that stores materials

    解説

  • 13

    Golgi body

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a collection of disc-like vesicles that aid in the transport of materials into and out of a cell

    解説

  • 14

    cell membrane

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the thin boundary between the cell and its environment

    解説

  • 15

    diffusion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • movement of molecules from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration (passive transport)

    解説

  • 16

    hypotonic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a substance having a lower concentration of dissolved substances than its surroundings

    解説

  • 17

    fluid mosaic model

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • used to describe the structure of the cell (plasma) membrane; parts of the membrane are in constant motion

    解説

  • 18

    circulation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the flow of materials within a cell as well as between parts of a multicellular organism

    解説

  • 19

    centrioles

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • specialized structures used in animal cell division

    解説

  • 20

    chromatin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • densely coiled genetic material

    解説

  • 21

    pinocytosis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "cell drinking"; process by which a cell brings small particles or liquids through the cell membrane

    解説

  • 22

    vacuole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • storage sac within the cytoplasm of the cell that may contain either wastes or useful materials, such as food or water

    解説

  • 23

    cell wall

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tough, fairly rigid layer surrounding the cell membrane of plants (and some bacteria and fungi)

    解説

  • 24

    chloroplast

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the green organelle that contains chlorophyll; site of photosynthesis

    解説

  • 25

    nucleolus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dense center of the nucleus that contains the genetic material

    解説

  • 26

    mitochondria

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pod-shaped organelles that contain enzymes used to extract energy from nutrients; site of cellular respiration

    解説

  • 27

    isotonic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a substance that has the same concentration as its surroundings

    解説

  • 28

    exocytosis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • getting rid of substances from a cell

    解説

  • 29

    hypertonic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a substance having a higher concentration of dissolved substances than its surroundings

    解説

  • 30

    active transport

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • process by which cells use energy to transport molecules through the cell membrane from areas of low concentration to areas of high concentration

    解説

  • 31

    nuclear envelope

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • thin membranous structure that surrounds the nucleus

    解説

  • 32

    homeostasis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the ability of an organism to maintain a stable internal environment even when the external environment changes

    解説

  • 33

    nucleus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a large structure within a cell that controls the cell's metabolism and stores genetic information, including chromosomes and DNA

    解説

  • 34

    phagocytosis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "cell eating"; the process by which a cell brings large particles through the cell membrane

    解説

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