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Insect Physiology Definitions

カード 47枚 作成者: Stoneman (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • Unpolarized cell

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  • 1

    Unpolarized cell

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • no particular orientation, looks like a typical animal cell, ex. hemocytes, fat body cells

    解説

  • 2

    Basal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • facing inwards

    解説

  • 3

    Distal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • away from the body

    解説

  • 4

    Chorion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • complete outer shell of an insect egg

    解説

  • 5

    Proteome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • complete set of protein molecules present in a cell, tissue, or organ

    解説

  • 6

    Ventral

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the lower surface or front

    解説

  • 7

    rRNA

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4 types associated with the ribosome, 80% of RNA

    解説

  • 8

    Micropyle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a pore in the chorion of the egg through which sperm can enter for fertilization

    解説

  • 9

    Telotrophic ovariole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • type of meroistic ovariole where the nurse cells are located in separate compartments from the oocyte, but have tubes connecting the two

    解説

  • 10

    Apical

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • outwards

    解説

  • 11

    Apical region

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • microvilli and specialized cytoskeleton and endosomal region

    解説

  • 12

    Metabolome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • complete set of the metabolites (low-molecular-weight intermediates) in a cell, tissue, or organ; this can include carbohydrates, lipids, etc

    解説

  • 13

    miRNA

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • can break down RNA, block the mRNA from being translated or accelerate its degredation; very important will knock out reproduction and blood digestion when missing in A. aegypti

    解説

  • 14

    Proximal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • close to the body

    解説

  • 15

    Anterior

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • towards the head or movement in that direction

    解説

  • 16

    Endosome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • membrane bound compartment inside a cell that recycle what is dumped on the plasma membrane

    解説

  • 17

    Panoistic ovariole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • all oogonia transformed into oocytes, no nurse cells

    解説

  • 18

    Basal region

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • basal lamina and basal membrane labyrinth

    解説

  • 19

    Proteomics

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • large-scale study of proteins, particularly their structures and function

    解説

  • 20

    Quantitative PCR

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • used to quantify transcripts

    解説

  • 21

    Aeropyle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • modification of the egg chorion that permits gas exchange

    解説

  • 22

    Oosome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • specialized region during embryonic development where the germ cells go; also known as polar granules

    解説

  • 23

    Accessory gland

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • glands part of the male or female reproductive system; in the female, secretes cements, venoms, and lubricants; in the male, secretes seminal fluid, spermatophore, and active peptides

    解説

  • 24

    tRNA

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • decoding molecule for protein synthesis, amino acids

    解説

  • 25

    Spermatheca

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a special sac in the female reproductive system that receives, stores, and releases sperm to fertilize the egg as it passes into the oviduct

    解説

  • 26

    Transcriptome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • complete set of mRNA molecules present in a cell, tissue, or organ

    解説

  • 27

    Patency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the opening between follicle cells that permits the uptake of vitellogenin from the hemolymph

    解説

  • 28

    Dorsal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the upper surface or back

    解説

  • 29

    Genome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • complete set of genes of an organism or the organelles

    解説

  • 30

    Oosorption

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a response to stress in which the mature eggs are reabsorbed by the female

    解説

  • 31

    Vitellin envelope

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • first "membrane" layed down around the oocyte

    解説

  • 32

    Meroistic ovariole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • oogonia produce both oocyes and nurse cells,

    解説

  • 33

    Vitellarium

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • area of the ovariole in which oocytes deposit yolk during vitellogenesis

    解説

  • 34

    Polarized cell

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • highly specialized cells, oriented into apical/basal and anterior/posterior, ex. axon, neuron

    解説

  • 35

    Posterior

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • opposite the direction of the head

    解説

  • 36

    Polytrophic ovariole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • type of meroistic ovariole where the nurse cells are located in the same compartment with the oocyte

    解説

  • 37

    Calyx

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pedicel of each ovariole that leads to the lateral oviduct

    解説

  • 38

    Ovariole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the tubes that compose the ovary and contain the oocytes as they develop into eggs; 1000s in termites, 1 in a tsetse fly

    解説

  • 39

    Bursa copulatrix

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • modified pouch in the genital tract of some female insects which sperm are first deposited into before migrating into the spermatheca

    解説

  • 40

    Choriogenesis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • synthesis and production of the egg shell

    解説

  • 41

    Operculum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an area of programmed weakness on the chorion that allows the first instar larva to escape from the egg

    解説

  • 42

    Sagital

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • along the side

    解説

  • 43

    Trehalose

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • disaccharide that is the primary hemolymph sugar in insects

    解説

  • 44

    Transcriptomics

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • rise and fall of transcripts over a particular gene

    解説

  • 45

    Ovary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • paired female reproductive organs, bilaterally symmetrical, located down midline of body

    解説

  • 46

    Ribozymes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • small pieces of RNA that catalyze chemical reactions such as cutting and ligating other RNA molecules and the catalysis of peptide bond formation in the ribosome

    解説

  • 47

    Germarium

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the anterior regions of the male and female reproductive systems that produces oocytes from the oogonia and spermatocytes from the spermatogonia.

    解説

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