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Nutrition - Chapter 1 - Orientation to Basic Nutrition

カード 62枚 作成者: Stoneman (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • Nutrients are __?

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  • 1

    Nutrients are __?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A substance obtained from food to promote growth, maintenance and repair

    解説

  • 2

    What are some factors that might effect nutrient requirements in a given individual?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Stage of growth

    解説

  • 3

    What are some factors that might effect nutrient requirements in a given individual?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 6. State of Health

    解説

  • 4

    What are some factors that might effect nutrient requirements in a given individual?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2. Sex

    解説

  • 5

    For a food to be considered reduced fat it must have ____% fewer calories than the original product

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 25

    解説

  • 6

    For a food to be considered low carlorie is must contain less than___ calories per 50g of food

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 40

    解説

  • 7

    What are the classes of nutrients?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2. Lipids

    解説

  • 8

    A kilocalorie is a unit of measurement that shows __?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the potential energy value of foods and energy within the body

    解説

  • 9

    Which nutrients are considered important to the body but are NOT energy producers?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Water

    解説

  • 10

    For a 2200 calorie diet it is recommended to have ___ tsp/day of sugar

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 12

    解説

  • 11

    These are needed throughout ones lifetime; only the amounts themselves change.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Essential nutrients

    解説

  • 12

    What are the factors that influence one's food choices?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3. Budget

    解説

  • 13

    What are the classes of nutrients?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3. Proteins

    解説

  • 14

    This is a measure of heat equivalent to 1000 calories.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • kilocalorie

    解説

  • 15

    Some nutrients are ___ by the body to meet its needs.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • converted

    解説

  • 16

    Which nutrients are considered energy producers?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Carbs

    解説

  • 17

    Which nutrients are considered important to the body but are NOT energy producers?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2. Vitamins

    解説

  • 18

    What are the factors that influence one's food choices?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Psychological/Social

    解説

  • 19

    Which nutrients are considered energy producers?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3. Proteins

    解説

  • 20

    Humans need ____ minutes of daily physical activity daily to stay healthy and ___ minutes of daily physical activity to prevent weight gain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 30, 60

    解説

  • 21

    What are the factors that influence one's food choices?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4. Environmental & Cultural Attitudes

    解説

  • 22

    Term on food labels that indicates the levels of nutrients considered desirable for health for total fat, saturated fat, protein, cholesterol, carbohydrate, fiber and sodium

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Daily Reference Values (DRV's)

    解説

  • 23

    Term for the process of adding nutrients not present in the natural product or increasing the amount above that in the original product

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fortification

    解説

  • 24

    BMI is calculated by dividing ____ by ____

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Weight/Height

    解説

  • 25

    Nutrition is __?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the process by which we use foods to obtain our nutrients

    解説

  • 26

    Who developed the "Health People 2010" initiatives?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • US Dept. of Health and Human Services

    解説

  • 27

    What is the recommended daily sodium intake?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1500-2300 mg

    解説

  • 28

    A food must contain what percentage to be considered a low quantity of that specific substance?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 5% or less

    解説

  • 29

    Nutrients promote __?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • growth, maintenance and repair

    解説

  • 30

    What are the two goals of "Healthy People 2010"?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2.) Eliminate health disparities among racial and ethnic groups

    解説

  • 31

    Energy is __?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the ability to do work

    解説

  • 32

    For a food to be considered calorie free it must contain < ____ calories

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 5

    解説

  • 33

    What BMI is considered overweight?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 25+

    解説

  • 34

    Term for the process of restoring iron, thiamin, riboflavin, folic acid and niacin that are removed from food during processing back to approx. their original levels

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Enrichment

    解説

  • 35

    Fast food is less expensive but is __?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • low on nutrition

    解説

  • 36

    Humans take in what percentage of their sodium from processed foods? From natural salt? From table salt?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 75%, 10%, 5%

    解説

  • 37

    What are the two goals of "Healthy People 2010"?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1.) Increase the quality and years of life

    解説

  • 38

    What are some factors that might effect nutrient requirements in a given individual?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 5. Physical Activity

    解説

  • 39

    Which nutrients are considered energy producers?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4. Alcohols

    解説

  • 40

    What are the classes of nutrients?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 7. Alcohol

    解説

  • 41

    What are the classes of nutrients?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4. Water

    解説

  • 42

    What are the classes of nutrients?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Carbohydrates

    解説

  • 43

    What are some factors that might effect nutrient requirements in a given individual?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3. Body Size

    解説

  • 44

    What are some factors that might effect nutrient requirements in a given individual?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4. Weight

    解説

  • 45

    Another name for kilcalorie is __?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • calorie

    解説

  • 46

    What are the classes of nutrients?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 6. Minerals

    解説

  • 47

    Precursors are __?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Substances from which an active substance is formed.

    解説

  • 48

    Which nutrients are considered important to the body but are NOT energy producers?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3. Minerals

    解説

  • 49

    Food pyramids are based on what three criteria?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1) Age

    解説

  • 50

    Organic food is healthier but is __?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • more expensive

    解説

  • 51

    What is the most important nutrient for the body?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Water

    解説

  • 52

    ___ grams of sugar = 1 tsp of sugar

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4

    解説

  • 53

    A food must contain what percentage to be considered a high quantity of that specific substance?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 20% or more

    解説

  • 54

    What BMI is considered obese?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 30+

    解説

  • 55

    What are the factors that influence one's food choices?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2. Taste

    解説

  • 56

    For a food to be considered fat free it must contain < ____ grams of fat/serving

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 0.5

    解説

  • 57

    Food pyramids are based on what three criteria?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3) Physical Activity

    解説

  • 58

    Carotene found in fruits and veggies can be converted by the liver into an active form of vitamin A. The carotene in this case would be known as a __?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • precursor

    解説

  • 59

    Food pyramids are based on what three criteria?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2) Sex

    解説

  • 60

    What are some factors that might effect nutrient requirements in a given individual?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 7. Person's utilization of foods eaten

    解説

  • 61

    What are the classes of nutrients?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 5. Vitamins

    解説

  • 62

    Which nutrients are considered energy producers?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2. Lipids

    解説

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