zuknow learn together

新しい教材を作成

Art History (term)

カード 57枚 作成者: Stef (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • Registers

解説面  クリックしてカードを裏返す

アプリをダウンロードして、このコンテンツを学習しよう! AppStore / Google Play

教材の説明:

詳細はありません

公開範囲:

公開

言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
  • このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
  • 1

    Registers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A horizontal band containing decoration, such as a relief sculpture or a fresco painting. When multiple horizontal layers are used, registers are useful in distinguishing between different visual planes and different time periods in visual narration.

    解説

  • 2

    Krater

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A Greek vessel, of assorted shapes, in which wine and water are mixed.

    解説

  • 3

    Oculus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The Latin word for "eye." (1) A circular opening at the top of a dome used to admit light. (2) A round window.

    解説

  • 4

    Mosaic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The art of creating images with an assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials.

    解説

  • 5

    Contrapposto

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Italian word for "set against." A composition developed by the Greeks to represent movement in a figure. The parts of the body are placed asymmetrically in opposition to each other around a central axis, and careful attention is paid to the distribution of weight.

    解説

  • 6

    Classical Age

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • term referring to the period of Greek history that begins with the defeat of the Persian invaders in 480 - 479 BC and ends with Alexander the Great's accession in 336 BC or with his death in 323 BC.

    解説

  • 7

    Palmette

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An artistic motif resembling the fan-shaped leaves of a palm tree.

    解説

  • 8

    Coffers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (1) A small chest or casket. (2) A recessed, geometrically shaped panel in a ceiling. A ceiling decorated with these panels is said to be coffered.

    解説

  • 9

    Canon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A law, rule, or standard.

    解説

  • 10

    Continuous Narrative

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Portrayal of the same figure or character at different stages in a story that is depicted in a single artistic space.

    解説

  • 11

    Kylix

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In Greek and Roman antiquity, a shallow drinking cup with horizontal handles, often set on a stem terminating in a foot.

    解説

  • 12

    Polis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A city-state in the Classical Greek world.

    解説

  • 13

    Buon Fresco

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The technique of painting on wet plaster.

    解説

  • 14

    Orientalizing Style

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The early phase of Archaic Greek art, so named because of the adoption of forms and motifs from the ancient Near East and Egypt.

    解説

  • 15

    Egg and Dart

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A decorative molding; a series of egg-shaped figures alternating with another shape.

    解説

  • 16

    Sarcophagus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A large coffin, generally of stone, and often decorated with sculpture or inscriptions. The term is derived from two Greek words meaning "flesh" and "eating."

    解説

  • 17

    Volute Krater

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A vessel with handles shaped like scrolls.

    解説

  • 18

    Geometric Style

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A phase of Greek art, characterised largely by geometric motifs in vase painting.

    解説

  • 19

    Calyx Krater

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Bell-shaped vessel with handles near the base.

    解説

  • 20

    Corinthian Style

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The most ornate style of architecture, characterized by a slender fluted column and an elaborate capital decorated with acanthus leaves and scrolls.

    解説

  • 21

    Cloisonné

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An enameling method in which the hollows created by wires joined to a metal plate are filled with enamel to create designs.

    解説

  • 22

    Symposium

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • In ancient Greek, a gathering, sometimes of intellectuals and philosophers to discuss ideas, often in an informal social setting, such as at a dinner party.

    解説

  • 23

    Icon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • From the Greek word for "image." A pane painting of one of more sacred personages, such as Christ, the Virgin, or a saint, particularly venerated in the Orthodox Christian church.

    解説

  • 24

    Red-Figured Technique

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A style of ancient Greek pottery decoration characterized by red figures against a black background. This style of decoration developed toward the end on the 16th century and replaced the earlier black-figure style.

    解説

  • 25

    Ka

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A spiritual part of the soul in Egyptian mythology, which survived after death.

    解説

  • 26

    Iconography

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "(1) The depicting of images in art in order to convey certain meanings. (2) The study of the meaning of images depicted in art, whether they be inanimate objects, events, or personages. (3) The content or subject matter of a work of art."

    解説

  • 27

    Meander

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A decorative motif of intricate, rectilinear character applied to architecture and sculpture.

    解説

  • 28

    Amphora

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A type of jar with two handles and a narrow neck.

    解説

  • 29

    Cartouche

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An ornamental figure, often on an oval shield; an oval figure containing characters that represent the names of royal or divine people.

    解説

  • 30

    Pectoral

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An adornment worn on the chest or breast.

    解説

  • 31

    Greek Cross

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A cross with four arms of equal length arranged at right angles.

    解説

  • 32

    Basilica

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "(1) In ancient Roman architecture, a large, oblong building used as a public meeting place and hall of justice. It generally includes a nave, side aisles, and one or more apses. (2) In Christian architecture, a longitudinal church derived from the Roman basilica and having a nave, an apse, two or four side aisles or side chapels, and sometimes a narthex. (3) Any one of the seven original churches of Rome or other churches accorded the same religious privileges."

    解説

  • 33

    Menorah

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A candelabrum with seven branches used in ceremonies to symbolize the seven days of Creation.

    解説

  • 34

    Veristic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • From the Latin verus, meaning "true." Describes a hyperrealistic style of portraiture that emphasizes individual characteristics.

    解説

  • 35

    Prefiguration

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The representation of Old Testament figures ad stories as forerunners and foreshadowers of those in the New Testament.

    解説

  • 36

    Guilloche

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A repeating pattern made up of two ribbons spiraling around a series of central points. Often used as a decorative device in Classical vase-painting.

    解説

  • 37

    Hieroglyphs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A symbol, often based on a figure, animal, or object, standing for a word, syllable, or sound. These symbols form the early Egyptian writing system, and are found on ancient Egyptian monuments as well as in Egyptian written records.

    解説

  • 38

    Kouros

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Greek word for "male youth." An Archaic Greek statue of a standing, nude youth.

    解説

  • 39

    Sunken Relief

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Relief sculpture in which the figures or designs are modeled beneath the surface of the stone, within a sharp outline.

    解説

  • 40

    Lunettes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "(1) A semicircular or pointed wall area, as under a vault, or above a door or window. When it is above the portal of a medieval church, it is called tympanum. (2) A painting, relief sculpture, or window of the same shape."

    解説

  • 41

    Provenance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The place of origin of a work of art and related information.

    解説

  • 42

    Catacombs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The underground burial places of the early Christians, consisting of passages from niches for tombs and small chapels for commemorative services.

    解説

  • 43

    Doric Style

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The lowest order and simplest column in Grecian architecture, characterized by a heavy column with a plain saucer-shaped capital.

    解説

  • 44

    Kore

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Greek word for "maiden." An Archaic Greek statue of a standing, nude youth.

    解説

  • 45

    Hydria

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A type of jar used by ancient Greeks to carry water. Some examples were highly decorated.

    解説

  • 46

    White Ground

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Vase-painting technique in which artist painted a wide range of colors onto a white background. This was a favorite technique for decorating lekythoi.

    解説

  • 47

    Sculpture in the Round

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Three-dimensional sculpture that is carved free of any attaching background or block.

    解説

  • 48

    Pantocrator

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The ruler of everything, especially as an epithet for Jesus Christ; an artistic depiction of Jesus in this aspect.

    解説

  • 49

    Ionic Style

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Column surmounted by a capital with spiral coils on each side; the column shaft usually has flutes and is slender, and it has a decorative base.

    解説

  • 50

    Archaic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Extremely old; ancient; outdated.

    解説

  • 51

    Iconoclastic Controversy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A movement in the Eastern Empire, headed by the emperor, that denied the holiness of religious images. During the eighth and early ninth centuries the use of such images was prohibited, but icons were restored to worship by 843.

    解説

  • 52

    Vellum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A superior type of parchment made from calfskin.

    解説

  • 53

    Typology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The matching or pairing of pre-Christian figures, persons, and symbols with their Christian counterparts.

    解説

  • 54

    Black-Figured Technique

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A style of ancient Greek pottery decoration characterized by black figures against a red background. The black-figure style preceded the red-figured style.

    解説

  • 55

    Acanthus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A stylized leaf motif, one of the primary decorative elements of classical architecture.

    解説

  • 56

    Tempera

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Medium for painting in which pigments are suspended in egg yolk tempered with water or chemicals; this mixture dries quickly, reducing the possibility of changes in the finished painting.

    解説

  • 57

    Hellenistic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Relating to or characteristic of the classical Greek civilization.

    解説

56990

セットの学習コンテンツ

公開初月で
60,000
ダウン
ロード!

無料アプリはこちら!

英単語をウェブサイト
からzuknowに簡単登録

覚えたい単語を選択するだけ!
簡単にzuknowに登録することが
できます

Get the free Chrome Extension

トップ