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Vocabulary for IELTS Unit 2 Time for a change

カード 31枚 作成者: tobimaru_nel (作成日: 2014/09/25)

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教材の説明:

Word list from Vocabulary for IELTS Unit 2 (Canbridge University Press).

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    skew

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 例文  [be v-ed] The arithmetic of nuclear running costs has been skewed by the fall in the cost of other fuels. [v n] Today's election will skew the results in favor of the northern end of the county.

    答え

    • Something which is changed or affected to some extent by a new or unusual factor, and so is not correct or normal.

    解説

  • 2

    era

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 例文 The Christian era The discovery of antibiotics marked an era in modern medicine

    答え

    • A period of time considered as being of a distinctive character; epoch A point in time, esp one beginning a new or distinctive period

    解説

  • 3

    finds

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (noun)
    • 例文 Another of his lucky finds was a pair of candle-holders.

    答え

    • A person, thing, etc, that is found, especially a valuable, interested or fortunate discovery

    解説

  • 4

    pioneer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (noun)
    • 例文 ...one of the leading pioneers of British photo journalism.

    答え

    • One of the first people to be involved in it and develop it in a particular area of activity ⇒ [+ of/in]

    解説

  • 5

    remnants

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (noun)
    • 例文  Beneath the present church were remnants of Roman flooring. Shops usually sell remnants cheaply.

    答え

    • 1, Small parts of it that are left over when the main part has disappeared or been destroyed. ⇒ [+ of] 2. A small piece of cloth that is left over when most of the cloth has been sold.

    解説

  • 6

    retrospect

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (noun)
    • 例文 In retrospect, I wish that I had thought about alternative courses of action.

    答え

    • When you consider something in retrospect, you think about it afterwards, and often have a different opinion about it from the one that you had at the time.

    解説

  • 7

    status quo

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (noun)
    • 例文 They have no wish for any change in the status quo.

    答え

    • The state of affairs that exists at a particular time, especially in contrast to a different possible state of affairs.

    解説

  • 8

    transition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (noun)
    • 例文  The transition to a multi-party democracy is proving to be difficult. ...a period of transition.

    答え

    • The process in which something changes from one state to another. ⇒ [+ to] ⇒

    解説

  • 9

    trend

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (noun)
    • 例文 This is a growing trend. ...a trend towards part-time employment.  

    答え

    • A change or development towards something new or different. ⇒ [+ towards]

    解説

  • 10

    abrupt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj)
    • 例文  1, ⇒ Rosie's idyllic world came to an abrupt end when her parents' marriage broke up. 2, He was abrupt to the point of rudeness.

    答え

    • 1, A change or action which is very sudden, often in a way which is unpleasant. 2, Someone who speaks in a rather rude, unfriendly way.

    解説

  • 11

    bygone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj)
    • 例文 The book recalls other memories of a bygone age. ...bygone generations.

    答え

    • Happening or existing a very long time ago.

    解説

  • 12

    fleeting

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj)
    • 例文  The girls caught only a fleeting glimpse of the driver. She wondered for a fleeting moment if he would put his arm around her.

    答え

    • Something which lasts only for a very short time.

    解説

  • 13

    immense

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj)
    • 例文  ...an immense cloud of smoke. With immense relief I stopped running.

    答え

    • Something that is extremely large or great.

    解説

  • 14

    infinitesimal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj)
    • 例文 ...mineral substances present in infinitesimal amounts in the soil.

    答え

    • Something that is extremely small. (formal)

    解説

  • 15

    moderate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj)
    • 例文 While a moderate amount of stress can be beneficial, too much stress can exhaust you.

    答え

    • Something that is neither large nor small in amount or degree.

    解説

  • 16

    periodic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj)
    • 例文 ...periodic bouts of illness.

    答え

    • Events or situations which happen occasionally, at fairly regular intervals.

    解説

  • 17

    preceding

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj)
    • 例文 the preceding pages

    答え

    •  Going or coming before; former

    解説

  • 18

    prehistoric

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj)
    • 例文 ...the famous prehistoric cave paintings of Lascaux.

    答え

    • People and things existed at a time before information was written down.

    解説

  • 19

    profound

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj)
    • 例文  ...discoveries which had a profound effect on many areas of medicine. ...profound disagreement. Anna's patriotism was profound.

    答え

    • To emphasise that something is very great or intense. (emphasis)

    解説

  • 20

    rapid

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • 例文  ...the country's rapid economic growth in the 1980's. ...the rapid decline in the birth rate in Western Europe.

    答え

    • One that happens very quickly or is very fast.

    解説

  • 21

    topical

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj)
    • 例文 The magazine's aim is to discuss topical issues within a Christian framework.

    答え

    • To describe something that concerns or relates to events that are happening at the present time.

    解説

  • 22

    tremendous

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj)
    • 例文  1, I felt a tremendous pressure on my chest. 2, I thought it was absolutely tremendous.

    答え

    • 1, To emphasise how strong a feeling or quality is, or how large an amount is. (informal, emphasis) 2, Someone or something you think they are very good or very impressive. (informal)

    解説

  • 23

    turbulent

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (adj)
    • 例文  1, They had been together for five or six turbulent years of rows and reconciliations. 2, I had to have a boat that could handle turbulent seas.

    答え

    • 1, One in which there is a lot of change, confusion, and disorder. 2, Water or air contains strong currents which change direction suddenly.

    解説

  • 24

    press for time

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (phrase)
    • 例文 I was pressed for time to finish my business and catch my plane.

    答え

    • Feeling that you have to hurry and are late.

    解説

  • 25

    have the time of your life

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (phrase)
    • 例文 He had the time of his life working on the ranch.

    答え

    • To enjoy yourself very much.

    解説

  • 26

    have time on your hands

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (phrase)
    • 例文 Now that her children are all at school, she has a lot of time on her hands.

    答え

    • To have time when you have nothing to do

    解説

  • 27

    in next to no time

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (phrase)
    • 例文 We'll be there in next to no time. He had the food ready in no time.

    答え

    • If something happens or is done in no time, it happens or is done extremely quickly It's only another mile or so.

    解説

  • 28

    in the blink of an eye

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (phrase)
    • 例文 There was a huge "boom" and in the blink of an eye the buildings were gone.

    答え

    • Extremely quickly.

    解説

  • 29

    there aren't enough hours in a day

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (phrase)
    • 例文 

    答え

    • Extremely busy.

    解説

  • 30

    time goes so fast

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (phrase)
    • 例文 

    答え

    • To describe something has gone very quickly.

    解説

  • 31

    excavate

    補足(例文と訳など)

    • (verb)
    • 例文 The site has been excavated by archaeologists.

    答え

    • To dig in the ground to look for old buildings or objects that have been buried for a long time; to find something by digging in this way

    解説

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