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Programming Logic and Design

カード 71枚 作成者: BJ master (作成日: 2013/11/29)

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  • カード表 : 英語
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  • 1

    Hardware

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the set of physical devices on a computer system

    解説

  • 2

    input output sybmol I/0

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is a parallelogram used to diagram both input and output operations

    解説

  • 3

    output

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is the process of extracting information from a system through hardware such as a monitor or printer so that people can vier, interpert, and use the results.

    解説

  • 4

    OOP Object Oriented Programming

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a technique that focuses on objects or things. oop describes the objects features or attributes and their behaviors

    解説

  • 5

    input

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is the process of entering data into a system using hardware devices such as keyboards and mice

    解説

  • 6

    program code

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • writtem computer instructions

    解説

  • 7

    taking an object oriented approach

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • means defining the objects needed to accomplish a task and developing the objects so that each maintains its own data and carries out tasks when another object requests them

    解説

  • 8

    object orientd analysis OOA is th eprocess of analyzing a system using an object-oriented approach

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Object Oriented Design OOD is the process of desiging a system using an object oriented approach

    解説

  • 9

    attributes of an object

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • features it "has"

    解説

  • 10

    data items

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • include all the text, numbers, and other information that are processed by the computer

    解説

  • 11

    software testers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • professionals who test programs for accuracey

    解説

  • 12

    logic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is developed when you give instructions to the computer in a specific sequence, without leaving any instructions out ar adding extraneous instructions.

    解説

  • 13

    integrated development enviroment ( IDE)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a software package that provides an editor, compiler and other programming tools.

    解説

  • 14

    flowlines

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • are the arrows in a flowchart that show the sequence of steps carried out

    解説

  • 15

    white box tests

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • are a type of software test in which the tester understands how the software works internally

    解説

  • 16

    information

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is the data that has been processed and is ready for input

    解説

  • 17

    Storage devices

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hardware, such as disks or flash media, on which you can store data

    解説

  • 18

    machine language

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is a computers on off circuitry language

    解説

  • 19

    output symbol

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in a flowchare is represented by a parallelogram

    解説

  • 20

    Graphical User Interface, GUI

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • allows users to interact with a program in a graphical enviroment

    解説

  • 21

    class

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a general catagory of objects

    解説

  • 22

    Application software

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • comprises all the programs yo uapply to a task

    解説

  • 23

    syntax error

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is an error in the language or grammar

    解説

  • 24

    syntax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • consists of language rules

    解説

  • 25

    semantic errors

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • logical program errors

    解説

  • 26

    interpreter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • translates high level language into machine language one instruction at a time

    解説

  • 27

    Central Processing Unit.. CPU

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is the hardware component that processes data

    解説

  • 28

    run

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to carry out a program's instructions

    解説

  • 29

    attributes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • are the characteristics of entities

    解説

  • 30

    flowchart

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is a pictorial representation of the logical steps it takes to solve a problem

    解説

  • 31

    input symbol

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in a flowchart represented by a parallelogram

    解説

  • 32

    random access memory RAM

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • interal computer memory

    解説

  • 33

    relationships

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • describe how entities communicate with and react to each other

    解説

  • 34

    binary language

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • consists of 1s and 0s and it is machine language

    解説

  • 35

    Programming languages

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Visual Basic, C#, C++, and Java are used to write programs

    解説

  • 36

    Scripting languages

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • used to write programs that are typed directl from a keyboard. they are stored as text rather than as binary executable code

    解説

  • 37

    Programming

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is the act of writing software instructions

    解説

  • 38

    pseudocode

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is an english like representation of the logical steps it takes to solve a problem

    解説

  • 39

    processing symbol

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in a flowchart is represented by a rectangle

    解説

  • 40

    processing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • data items that may involve organizing them, checking them for accuracy, or performing mathematical operations on them.

    解説

  • 41

    high-level

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • describes programming languages that are English-Like

    解説

  • 42

    program comments

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • nenexecuting statements that you add to a program for the purpose of documentation

    解説

  • 43

    command line

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is a location on you r computer screen at which you type text entries to communicate with the computers

    解説

  • 44

    compiler

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • translates a high level language into machine language and tells you if you have used a programming language incorrectly. it translate an entire program at once

    解説

  • 45

    procedural programming

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is a technique that focuses on the procedures programmers create to manipulate data

    解説

  • 46

    Programs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • are the sets of xecutable instructions written by programmers

    解説

  • 47

    low-level

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • describes languages that more closely reflect computer circuitry

    解説

  • 48

    lowest- level language

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • set of statements made up of 1s and 0s that the computer understands

    解説

  • 49

    conversion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is the entire set of actions an organization must take to switch over using a new program or set of programs

    解説

  • 50

    conventions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • are standards of format and style that are selected for consistency while acknowledging that other customs might be used by others and be equally as correct.

    解説

  • 51

    computer memory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is a computers temporary internal storage

    解説

  • 52

    entity types

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • describe the borad catagories of data items in a system

    解説

  • 53

    coding the program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is the act of writing program instructions

    解説

  • 54

    test a program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • execute it on a computer to determine if the input is correct

    解説

  • 55

    terminal symbol

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • marks the beginning or end of a flowchart method or segment, represented by a lozenge

    解説

  • 56

    computer simulations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • attemts to mimic real world activities so that thir process can be improved or so that users can better understand how the real world process operate

    解説

  • 57

    object code

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is the machine language statements that have been translated from the source code.

    解説

  • 58

    source code

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the statements you write in a programming language before they are translated to object code

    解説

  • 59

    text editor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • program that you use to create simple text files

    解説

  • 60

    decision symbol

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in a flowchart represented by a diamond

    解説

  • 61

    black box tests

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • software tests in which the tester does not know how the software works internall y but verifies that correct nput is derived from various input values

    解説

  • 62

    users/end users

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • people or entities for whom programs are written and who will beneift from using them.

    解説

  • 63

    logical errors

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • occur when incorrect insturctions are performed or when instructions are performed in the wrong order

    解説

  • 64

    desk checking

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is the process of walking through a programs logic on paper without using a computer

    解説

  • 65

    data modeling

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is the act of identifying all the objects you want to manipulate and how they relate to each other

    解説

  • 66

    state or an object

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • made up of its attributes's values

    解説

  • 67

    Software

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is the set of instructions written by programmers that tell the computer what to do ; a set of computer programs

    解説

  • 68

    algorithm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is the sequence of steps necessary to solve any problem

    解説

  • 69

    behaviors of an object

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • things an object does

    解説

  • 70

    maintenance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • is the act of making changes to programs that are alrady finished and in production

    解説

  • 71

    system software

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • comprises the programs tha tyo uuse to manage your computer, including operating systems such as Windows or UNIX and other utility programs not directly used by end users

    解説

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