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Assembly Language Programming

カード 35枚 作成者: BJ master (作成日: 2013/11/29)

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Address

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The number that uniquely identifies a particular storage location or byte.

    解説

  • 2

    Translator

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A program used to convert a source program into machine language; types of translators include compilers, interpreters, and assemblers.

    解説

  • 3

    Central processing unit (CPU)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The computer unit that controls the actual operations of the computer system; a CPU consists of primary or main storage, an arithmetic-logic unit, and a control unit.

    解説

  • 4

    Memory size

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The storage capacity of a computer system.

    解説

  • 5

    Byte

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A single storage position; consists of 8 bits.

    解説

  • 6

    Mnemonic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Operations codes coded in assembler language.

    解説

  • 7

    Diagnostic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A listing and explanation of a syntax error.

    解説

  • 8

    One-to-one conversion process

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The translation of a symbolic instruction into one machine-language instruction.

    解説

  • 9

    Supervisor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A program that is part of the operating system but resides in the CPU for the purpose of controlling the operations of the entire system

    解説

  • 10

    Object program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A machine-language equivalent of a source program; output from an assembly process.

    解説

  • 11

    Low-level language

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A programming language that most closely resembles actual machine language; it is somewhat more difficult to code that a high-level language and requires a relatively simple translation process. Assembler language is a low-level language.

    解説

  • 12

    Machine Language

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The language into which programs must be translated before they can be executed.

    解説

  • 13

    Logic errors

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An error that can occur from a mistake in the sequencing of instructions as well as from an improperly coded instruction that does not accomplish what was intended. Contrast with syntax error.

    解説

  • 14

    Mainframes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The traditional computer system used in most medium and large business organizations for (1) information processing in a centralized or distributed mode, and (2) data communications applications where terminals at remote locations transmit data to a central processing unit.

    解説

  • 15

    Character

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A letter, number, or special symbol such as a $ or *.

    解説

  • 16

    Source program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A program written in a symbolic programming must be translated before they can be executed.

    解説

  • 17

    Coding sheet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A form used to prepare a program that contains the specific columns in which entries are required in a particular programming language.

    解説

  • 18

    Virtual storage

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The dynamic interaction between primary storage and auxiliary storage in such a way that CPU appears to have more storage than it actually has; involves breaking a program up into segments or pages, and, one-at-a-time, bringing each part into the CPU.

    解説

  • 19

    Register

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Serves as an accumulator or temporary storage area; greatly facilitates the processing of data by the computer. There are 16 general registers, numbered 0-15.

    解説

  • 20

    Stored program concept

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The use of main memory for temporarily storing programs as well as data.

    解説

  • 21

    One-to-many conversion process

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The translation of a symbolic instruction into many machine-language instructions.

    解説

  • 22

    Macros

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An instruction that, when assembled, requires the assembler to generate many machine-language statements. Most I/O instructions in assembler language are coded as macros.

    解説

  • 23

    Computer system

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An integrated series of components consisting of a central processing unit, input, and output devices.

    解説

  • 24

    Compilation (compiler)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The translator (process) that produces an actual machine-language equivalent of a high-level symbolic program such as one written in COBOL, BASIC, FORTRAN, and so on.

    解説

  • 25

    Megabyte

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Approximately one million bytes.

    解説

  • 26

    Execution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The actual running of a program that has been translated into machine language.

    解説

  • 27

    Syntax errors

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An error caused by a violation of a programming rule.

    解説

  • 28

    Program sheet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • See coding sheet.

    解説

  • 29

    Binary Instructions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Instructions that operate on data that is in registers.

    解説

  • 30

    Operand

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The fields or storage areas to be operated on or branched to in each assembler language instruction. For example, in the instruction A 4, TOTAL, which adds the contents of TOTAL to register 4, TOTAL and 4 are operands.

    解説

  • 31

    Program

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A set of instructions that reads input data, processes it and produces output information.

    解説

  • 32

    High-level language

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A symbolic programming language that is relatively easy for the programmer to code, is least like the machine's internal code, and requires a complex translation process.

    解説

  • 33

    Assembly (assembler)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The translator (process) that produces an absolute or actual machine-language equivalent of an assembler language program.

    解説

  • 34

    Operation code

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The item or verb that instructs the computer as to the operation to be performed. For example, in the instruction A 4,TOTAL, which add the contents of TOTAL to register 4, A is the operation code.

    解説

  • 35

    Symbolic programming languages

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A programming language that is relatively easy for a programmer to learn but that requires a translation process before a program can be run

    解説

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