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Music History #29

カード 14枚 作成者: Teddy (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • capitalism

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教材の説明:

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公開範囲:

公開

言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    capitalism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an economic system in which the means of production of goods are privately owned and continually reinvested to bring ever-increasing wealth to private individuals

    解説

  • 2

    Frederick the Great

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the enlightened king of north German Prussia who transformed Berlin into a cosmopolitan capital full of art and learning

    解説

  • 3

    acciaccatura

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a technique of crunching dissonant chords used by Domenico Scarlatti

    解説

  • 4

    fantasia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an imaginative composition the exact nature of which depends on the period of origin; in earlier eras these were usually contrapuntal works; later, the term suggested an improvisatory piece in free form, or sometimes pieces incorporating preexisting themes

    解説

  • 5

    empfindsamer Stil

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • German for "sensitive style," the term applied to the hyper-expressivity that affected northern European, and particularly German, arts generally in the second half of the 18th century

    解説

  • 6

    pianoforte

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • original name for the piano because, unlike the harpsichord, its mechanism allowed the player to control the force of a blow to the string and thus could play piano or forte

    解説

  • 7

    Bach-Abel concerts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a series of public concerts begun in London in 1764 by J.C. Bach (son of J.S.) and another German musician, Carl Abel; the concerts featured the most recent works of Bach and Abel as well as other fashionable composers; continuing for nearly twenty years, they became a model for the public concert series in London and on the Continent

    解説

  • 8

    Alberti bass

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an animation of simple triads brought about by playing the notes successively and in a pattern; a distinctive component of the style of keyboard composer Domenico Alberti

    解説

  • 9

    Essay on the True Art of Playing the Keyboard

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the most influential instruction book for keyboard in the 18th century, written by C.P.E. Bach

    解説

  • 10

    hand-crossing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a technique in keyboard playing in which the left hand must cross over the right to create an exciting three-level texture

    解説

  • 11

    murky bass

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • German name for a rumbling octave bass, created by repeating a bass note in alternating octaves, that became a favorite technique of both Italian and German keyboard composers of the 18th century

    解説

  • 12

    Bebung

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • German term for the vibrating sound produced by the clavichord technique of holding and "wiggling" a key up and down

    解説

  • 13

    grand piano

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a term that first appeared in England toward the end of the 18th century that denoted a large piano with sturdy legs and strings running roughly in the same direction as the keys

    解説

  • 14

    square piano

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a small box-shape piano with strings running at right angles to the keys, which could be set upon a table or simple stand

    解説

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