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Music History #26

カード 21枚 作成者: Teddy (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • Sarum chant

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公開範囲:

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Sarum chant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • England's special dialect of Gregorian chant; called that from the old Latin name of the cathedral town of Salisbury; melodies and texts were somewhat different from the chant sung on the Continent

    解説

  • 2

    rondellus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a distinctly English musical technique in which two or three voices engage in voice exchange, or more correctly, phrase exchange

    解説

  • 3

    pan-isorhythmic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a technique where isorhythm is applied to all voices, not just the tenor in an isorhythmic piece

    解説

  • 4

    pes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (Latin for foot) the English name for a bottom voice that continually repeats throughout a polyphonic composition

    解説

  • 5

    fauxbourdon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • singers of sacred music improvised at pitches a fourth and a sixth below a given chant

    解説

  • 6

    Song of Songs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a particularly lyrical book in the Old Testament

    解説

  • 7

    strophe plus refrain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a common musical form in which the strophe, or stanza, is sung by a soloist while all the singers join in with the burden, or refrain

    解説

  • 8

    carol

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a strophic song for one to three voices setting a religious text, usually associated with Christmas

    解説

  • 9

    English discant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • pleasing choral polyphony in which one or two voices improvise note-against-note counterpoint upon a chant using only consonant intervals

    解説

  • 10

    Henry V

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the most dashing and successful of the late-medieval kings of England; possessed a taste for literature, poetry, and music; supported two important chapels (one traveling, one at Windsor Castle); something of a composer himself

    解説

  • 11

    Windsor Castle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the traditional home of the English kings and queens just west of London

    解説

  • 12

    Battle of Agincourt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 25 October 1415; King Henry V takes a small army of 10,000 archers and pikemen, and soundly whoops the French heavily armored knights

    解説

  • 13

    treble

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the highest of the three voices for which much late-medieval English polyphony was written; evolved in general musical terminology to mean the top part as well as the top clef (G clef), the highest clef in music

    解説

  • 14

    contenance angloise

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the "English manner" of composition that fifteenth century Continental musicians admired and adopted, though the exact nature of this style is not known

    解説

  • 15

    burden

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the refrain with which an English carol begins and which is repeated after each stanza

    解説

  • 16

    rota

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the English name for a canon that endlessly circles back to the beginning

    解説

  • 17

    Agincourt Carol

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an anonymous and atypical (non-Christmas) English carol celebrating King Henry V's victory over the French

    解説

  • 18

    Summer Canon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the most famous of all English compositions; makes use of rondellus technique as well as canon

    解説

  • 19

    pan-consonance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • music in which almost every note is a member of a triad or a triadic inversion and not a dissonance

    解説

  • 20

    faburden

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a style of English medieval choral music that arose when singers improvised around a given chant placed in the middle voice; it is important because English composers began to incorporate this improvisatory style into their more formal written work

    解説

  • 21

    Old Hall Manuscript

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an important music manuscript compiled in the 1420s; contains 147 compositions, mostly Mass movements and motets, many by composer serving the royal household

    解説

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