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Music History #23

カード 31枚 作成者: Teddy (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • Roman de Fauvel

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Roman de Fauvel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a poem mostly written by Gervès de Bus; a fable about political power gone awry; typical of the exploring spirit of the Ars nova; based on Enguerran de Marigny and his corrupt henchmen

    解説

  • 2

    ballade style

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a piece composed in the style of a ballade

    解説

  • 3

    cantus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the highest vocal part in an early polyphonic composition, what would later come to be called the superius and finally the soprano

    解説

  • 4

    cyclic Mass

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a Mass in which all of the movements are linked together by a common musical theme; the notable first of which was Machaut's Mass of Our Lady in the mid 14th century

    解説

  • 5

    Philippe de Vitry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "The only true poet among the French", compiled an important musical treatise entitled Ars nova (New Art); used shorter note values, divided into duple meter, and devised triplet and hemiola

    解説

  • 6

    clavichord

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a keyboard instrument that makes sound when a player depresses a key and thereby pushes a small metal tangent in the shape of a T upward to strike a string; the sound produced is very quiet, the softest of any musical instrument

    解説

  • 7

    isorhythm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (same rhythm) a rhythmic pattern is repeated again and again in a line, usually in the tenor voice; a technique introduced by composers in the early fourteenth century

    解説

  • 8

    ballade

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • of the French formes fixes; a song always in the form AAB setting a poem with from one to three stanzas, or strophes; employs a lyrical melody accompanied by one or two voices or instruments

    解説

  • 9

    estampie

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (1 of 2 types of dance of the Middle Ages) originally a dance song in which the dancers also sang the text, usually a poem about love; during the 13th and 14th centuries it evolved into a purely instrumental piece

    解説

  • 10

    vielle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a large five-string fiddle capable of playing the entire Guidonian scale; often provided dance music during the 13th and 14th centuries

    解説

  • 11

    hocket

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a contrapuntal technique and a musical genre; it occurs when the sounds of two voices are staggered by the careful placement of rests, thereby creating a highly syncopated piece

    解説

  • 12

    Reims

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • where all the French kings were crowned; home of Guillaume de Machaut

    解説

  • 13

    contratenor bassus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the lower of the two contratenor voices (the other being the alto); the medieval equivalent of our bass voice

    解説

  • 14

    carole

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (1 of 2 types of dance of the Middle Ages) a song and dance that often made use of strophe plus refrain, in which a series of stanzas would each end with the same refrain; singers and dancers grouped in a circle and a soloist sang each successive strophe of text, while everyone else joined in for the refrain

    解説

  • 15

    contratenor altus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the upper of the two contratenor voices (the other being the bass); the medieval equivalent of our alto voice

    解説

  • 16

    open ending

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an important characteristic of estampie; the first time in the Middle Ages that a first ending was utilized

    解説

  • 17

    Robertsbridge Codex

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the earliest surviving collection of keyboard music; preserves various pieces typically heard at the French royal court in the mid 14th century

    解説

  • 18

    Guillaume de Machaut

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the most renowned poet and musician of the age; the first composer in the history of music for whom we possess a "complete works," almost all of his sizable body of music and poetry survives; used hocket in his compositions; popularized the French formes fixes; most famously composed the Mass of Our Lady, the first cyclic Mass, and one of the greatest artistic achievements of the Middle Ages

    解説

  • 19

    rondeau

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • of the French formes fixes; originated as a dance-song with the troubadours and trouvères; its musical and textual form is ABaAabAB

    解説

  • 20

    punctum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a pair of musical phrases (couplet) usually associated with medieval instrumental music

    解説

  • 21

    French formes fixes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the three fixed forms: ballade, rondeau, and virelai, in which nearly all French secular art songs of the 14th and early 15th centuries were written

    解説

  • 22

    shawm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a double-reed instrument with a loud penetrating tone, used to provide dance music during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance; the ancestor of the modern oboe

    解説

  • 23

    Joan of Arc

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • rallied the French royal forces and led the dauphin (the future king Charles VII) to be crowned at Reims

    解説

  • 24

    closed ending

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an important characteristic of estampie; the first time in the Middle ages that a second ending was utilized

    解説

  • 25

    virelai

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • of the French formes fixes; more playful than a serious ballade; originated with the troubadours and trouvères as a monophonic dance that involved choral singing; the form is AbbaA

    解説

  • 26

    portative organ

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a small moveable instrument that sounded at courtly entertainments, usually to accompany singers rather than dancers

    解説

  • 27

    Hundred Years' Wars

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a decade after the Black Death, war caused by English kings' desire for control over all of France; ended only after Joan of Arc rallied the French royal forces and led the dauphin to be crowned at Reims

    解説

  • 28

    Black Death

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a bubonic plague that killed perhaps 20 million Western European people after 1348

    解説

  • 29

    positive organ

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a large stationary instrument that began to appear in large numbers in church in the West shortly after 1300; considered one of the technological wonders of its day, it was usually attached high on the wall in the nave of the church and was the only instrument sanctioned for use in the church

    解説

  • 30

    talea

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a rhythmic pattern or unit appearing in an isorhythmic composition

    解説

  • 31

    color

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the melodic unit that serves as a structural backbone in an isorhythmic composition

    解説

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