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Music History #20

カード 21枚 作成者: Teddy (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • Harlem

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公開範囲:

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Harlem

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an African-American district in New York City

    解説

  • 2

    big band

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the dominant medium of jazz during the 1930s and 1940s; big bands typically numbered about fifteen players, divided into a rhythm section (usually piano, bass, guitar, and drums) and choirs of saxophones (doubling on clarinets), trumpets, and trombones

    解説

  • 3

    bebop

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a style of jazz originating in the 1940s for small improvising ensembles, often in fast tempos

    解説

  • 4

    free jazz

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a type of jazz of the 1950s and 1960s characterized by the removal or reinterpretation of key, normal harmonic progressions, and familiar jazz forms

    解説

  • 5

    cool jazz

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a style of jazz of the 1950s characterized by subdued playing and moderate tempos

    解説

  • 6

    swing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in jazz, a rhythm that drives forward in a triplet pattern; also a style of jazz of the 1930s and 1940s often involving big bands that play in an impulsive and dynamic mood

    解説

  • 7

    Fletcher Henderson

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a central figure in the development of the big band phenomenon and swing style

    解説

  • 8

    Harlem Renaissance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a literary and artistic movement of the 1920s in Harlem

    解説

  • 9

    third stream music

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a term coined by the composer Gunther Schuller to describe a musical style merging jazz and classical elements

    解説

  • 10

    comping

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the playing of accompanimental chords by a pianist or other instrumentalist in jazz

    解説

  • 11

    Edward "Duke" Ellington

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one of jazz's greatest musicians from Washington DC, largely self-taught; jungle style was a specialty of his

    解説

  • 12

    jazz standards

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in jazz, a popular song that is frequently arranged or used as the basis for improvisation

    解説

  • 13

    fusion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a style of popular music that mixes elements of jazz and rock

    解説

  • 14

    Billy Strayhorn

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Redman and Ellington's assistant and arranger who molded melodic material from popular songs of the day

    解説

  • 15

    jam sessions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an informal making of music by improvisation

    解説

  • 16

    Benny Goodman

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • leader and clarinetist of America's most successful big band in New York

    解説

  • 17

    jazz combo

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a small jazz ensemble

    解説

  • 18

    sidemen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in jazz, a section player

    解説

  • 19

    head arrangement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a jazz arrangement rehearsed and memorized by musicians, but not written down

    解説

  • 20

    stride

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a style of ragtime piano playing and composing in which the pianist's left hand moves regularly from chord tones in a low register to harmonies in the middle register

    解説

  • 21

    jungle style

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a big band style, associated especially with Duke Ellington in the 1920s and 30s, evoking African or primitive musical effects

    解説

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