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Music History #19

カード 27枚 作成者: Teddy (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • jazz

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    jazz

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a collective term for various types of 20th century popular music originating among African-American musicians and often involving improvisation

    解説

  • 2

    call-and-response

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a style of African-American song alternating phrases between two individuals, or between an individual leader and a group

    解説

  • 3

    chorus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a principal subsection of a jazz work in blues form, usually twelve measures in duration

    解説

  • 4

    scat singing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in jazz, singing on nonsense syllables

    解説

  • 5

    stop time

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a temporarily simplified rhythm in the accompaniment which allows for a soloist briefly to improvise

    解説

  • 6

    fill

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in jazz, a brief figure added between phrases performed by the principal soloist or singer

    解説

  • 7

    stride

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a style of ragtime piano playing and composing in which the pianist's left hand moves regularly from chord tones in a low register to harmonies in the middle register

    解説

  • 8

    Joe "King" Oliver

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a leading New Orleans clarinetist who, like many musicians following World War I, left the city for greater opportunities in Chicago and New York

    解説

  • 9

    rhythm section

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in jazz, an accompanimental group of instruments

    解説

  • 10

    minstrel show

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a theatric entertainment originating in the United States in the middle of the 19th century, containing skits, songs, and dancing, which parodies the language and manners of African-Americans

    解説

  • 11

    verse-and-refrain form

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a form for popular songs in which each stanza is divided into an introductory passage (the verse) followed by a more tuneful refrain

    解説

  • 12

    James Reese Europe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • leader of the "Society Orchestra," one of the most successful of the New York dance orchestras of his day

    解説

  • 13

    syncopation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a temporary metric irregularity or dislocation by which beats or divisions of beats do not conform to their normal placement within the meter

    解説

  • 14

    jazz standard

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • works that jazz musicians could be expected to know from memory and use to accompany dancing, have as a basis for improvisation, or write out in arrangements

    解説

  • 15

    foxtrot

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a social dance in 44 time, popular in America in the 1920s

    解説

  • 16

    improvisation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • playing or singing without reference to an existing musical composition

    解説

  • 17

    Charleston

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a popular dance of the 1920s, fast in tempo with a distinctive asymmetrical rhythm

    解説

  • 18

    rag

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a piano character piece that was carefree in spirit, syncopated in melody, and similar to a march in form

    解説

  • 19

    Scott Joplin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an American rag composer, famous for his "Maple Leaf Rag," the most recognizable piece of its type

    解説

  • 20

    blue notes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a lowered scale degree (usually the 3rd and 7th) in the major mode in blues and other jazz styles

    解説

  • 21

    spiritual

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an American religious song

    解説

  • 22

    New Orleans style

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a jazz style emerging in New Orleans in the early 20th century characterized by small bands, an energetic "hot" style of playing, and group improvisation

    解説

  • 23

    Louis Armstrong

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Oliver's protégé and one of New Orleans' greatest musical expatriates; founder of the Hot Five band in Chicago

    解説

  • 24

    ragtime

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a style of American popular music, especially found in piano character pieces (called "rags"), in which a syncopated melody is joined to a rhythmically-regular accompaniment

    解説

  • 25

    blues

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • originally an improvised strophic folk song containing a succession of three-line stanzas, each sung to a twelve-measure phrase and using a standard recurrent harmonic progression; the blues form is also applicable to instrumental jazz

    解説

  • 26

    break

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in jazz, a sudden and momentary pause during which a player introduces an improvised solo

    解説

  • 27

    walking bass

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a bass line with a predominantly stepwise motion and steady rhythm

    解説

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