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Music History #10

カード 16枚 作成者: Teddy (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • Viennese School

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教材の説明:

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公開範囲:

公開

言語:

  • カード表 : イタリア語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Viennese School

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • historians' term for composers Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, and Schubert who capped their careers in Vienna and knew one another personally, however indirectly

    解説

  • 2

    exposition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in sonata form the first main section in which the primary thematic material of the movement is presented or exposed; of a fugue, an opening section in which each voice presents the subject in turn

    解説

  • 3

    retransition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in sonata form, the point near the end of the development where tonal stability returns, often in the form of a dominant pedal point, in preparation for the return of the first theme (in the tonic key) and the beginning of the recapitulation

    解説

  • 4

    sonata form

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the most important formal innovation of the Classical period, used by composers most often when writing a fast first movement of a sonata, quartet, or symphony; an expansion of rounded binary form, it consists of an exposition, development, and recapitulation, with optional introduction and coda

    解説

  • 5

    Harmonie

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • German name for an 18th century independent wind band; called this because winds played mostly harmony and not melody in the symphony of the day

    解説

  • 6

    development

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in sonata form, the middlemost section in which the themes of the exposition are varied or developed in some fashion; it is often the most confrontational and unstable portion of the movement

    解説

  • 7

    sonatina

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a name sometimes used for the easiest and shortest sonatas

    解説

  • 8

    sonata

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • originally "something sounded" on an instrument as opposed to something sung; later a multimovement work for solo instrument or ensemble

    解説

  • 9

    rondo

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one of the main musical forms of the Classical period, a Classical rondo sets a refrain against contrasting material; it usually projects a playful, exuberant mood, and is often used as the last movement of a sonata or symphony, to bid a happy farewell to the audience

    解説

  • 10

    divertimento

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • originally simply a musical diversion, it came to imply a lighter style of music and a five-movement format: fast/minuet and trio/slow/ minuet and trio/fast; the term was used interchangeably with serenade

    解説

  • 11

    coda

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the musical section appended to a piece to add extra weight to the end to give it a feeling of conclusion

    解説

  • 12

    recapitulation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in sonata form, the return of the first theme and the tonic key following the development; although essentially a revisiting of previous material it is usually not an exact repeat

    解説

  • 13

    Harmoniemusik

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • music written for an 18th century Harmonie, or independent wind band

    解説

  • 14

    Neoclassical architecture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • term for the architecture of the 18th century that copied classical Roman qualities of balance, harmonious proportions, and an absence of ornate decoration

    解説

  • 15

    transition (bridge)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in sonata form the passage of modulation between the tonic and the new key

    解説

  • 16

    serenade

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a piece of outdoor music for a small ensemble usually in at least five movements; the term was used interchangeably with divertimento

    解説

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