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Music History #7

カード 16枚 作成者: Teddy (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • Enlightenment

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教材の説明:

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公開範囲:

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言語:

  • カード表 : イタリア語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Enlightenment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a philosophical, scientific, and political movement that dominated eighteenth-century thought

    解説

  • 2

    La Guerre des Bouffons

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (The War of the Buffoons) a paper war over the relative merits of Italian and French musical style; it raged, on and off, for several years in Paris during the 1750s and centered on the question of what sort of opera was appropriate for the French stage

    解説

  • 3

    comic opera

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a simple, direct type of musical theater that made use of comic characters, dealt with everyday social issues, and emphasized values more in step with those of the middle class

    解説

  • 4

    galant style

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • French term used by music historians (rather than "Enlightenment style") to describe eighteenth-century music that is graceful, light in texture, and generally symmetrical in melodic structure

    解説

  • 5

    coloratura

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • florid figuration assigned to the soprano voice in an opera; also the high female voice capable of singing such a florid part

    解説

  • 6

    obbligato recitative

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a recitative that features a full orchestral accompaniment; it appears occasionally in the sacred vocal music of Bach, but was used more extensively in the operas of Gluck and later composers

    解説

  • 7

    Faustina Bordoni

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • wife of composer Johann Hasse; she and her rival Francesca Cuzzoni developed the stereotype of the prima donna: a singer with a superb voice, a high salary, and a demanding and often difficult temperament

    解説

  • 8

    opera buffa

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the name for Italian comic opera but which, unlike most other forms of comic opera, uses rapid-fire recitative rather than spoken dialogue

    解説

  • 9

    ballad opera

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a type of popular eighteenth century English musical theater using re-texted ballads (or other popular songs) and spoken dialogue rather than recitative

    解説

  • 10

    Pietro Metastasio

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the principal librettist for the 18th century opera seria; strong in his ability to fashion clearly shaped drama and equally crystalline poetry

    解説

  • 11

    opéra comique

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • similar to Italian opera buffa, has characters from the everyday world, singing in a fresh, natural style, and the dialogue is generally spoken or sometimes delivered in recitative; the principals sing either simple airs or popular melodies

    解説

  • 12

    intermezzo

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a musical diversion between the acts of an opera or a play

    解説

  • 13

    reform opera

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • first created in the 1760s by Christoph Willibald Gluck and Ranieri Calzabigi in an attempt to combine the best features of the Italian and French operatic traditions, to yoke Italian lyricism to the French concern for intense dramatic expression

    解説

  • 14

    ballad

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (1) a narrative poem or its musical setting; (2) a traditional, usually strophic, song that tells a lengthy story; in popular music, a love song in a slow tempo

    解説

  • 15

    les philosophes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a group of French freethinkers, including the important trio Denis Diderot, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and François-Marie Arouet, known as Voltaire; they espoused the principles of social justice, equality, religious tolerance, and freedom of speech

    解説

  • 16

    prima donna

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • leading lady

    解説

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