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Music History #6

カード 21枚 作成者: Teddy (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • BWV

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    BWV

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (Bach Werke Verzeichnis) Bach Work List; an identifying system for the works of Johann Sebastian Bach, which functions much like the "K" numbers used for Mozart's works

    解説

  • 2

    stop

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a small wooden knob on an organ that activates a rank of pipes when pulled out

    解説

  • 3

    exposition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in sonata form the first main section in which the primary thematic material of the movement is presented or exposed; of a fugue, an opening section in which each voice presents the subject in turn

    解説

  • 4

    Two- and Three-Part Inventions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • two sets of contrapuntal pieces along the lines of simple fugues; each collection contains fifteen works each in separate keys

    解説

  • 5

    The Well-Tempered Clavier

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a collection of preludes and fugues by Bach in two books composed in Cöthen and Leipzig

    解説

  • 6

    partita

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • term used by Bach as a synonym for suite

    解説

  • 7

    obbligato

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • indication that a composer has written a specific part for an instrument and intends it to be played as written

    解説

  • 8

    Picardy third

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a shift from minor to major in the final chord of a piece

    解説

  • 9

    countersubject

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in a fugue, a unit of thematically distinctive material that serves as a counterpoint to the subject

    解説

  • 10

    Orgelbüchlein

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • (Little Organ Book) a collection of forty-six pieces written by Bach mostly between 1708 and 1713; each of the forty-six pieces is a chorale prelude

    解説

  • 11

    chorale prelude

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an ornamental setting of a pre-existing chorale tune intended to be played on the organ before the singing of the chorale by the full congregation

    解説

  • 12

    pedal point

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • on the organ, a sustained or continually repeated pitch, usually placed in the bass and sounding while the harmonies change around it

    解説

  • 13

    Fortspinnung

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • spinning out; taking a primary musical idea and spinning it out in one seemingly unending melodic strand and uniform rhythm

    解説

  • 14

    fugue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a contrapuntal composition for two, three, four, or five voices, which begins with a presentation of a subject in imitation in each voice (exposition), continues with modulating passages of free counterpoint (episodes) and further appearances of the subject, and ends with a strong affirmation of the tonic key

    解説

  • 15

    episode

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a passage in a musical work occurring between other passages that have more central thematic importance (as in a rondo form); in a fugue, a section full of modulation and free counterpoint that is based on motives derived from the subject

    解説

  • 16

    rank

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • each group of similar sounding pipes in an organ

    解説

  • 17

    Kapellmeister

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • chief of music at court; the German equivalent of maestro di cappella in Italy

    解説

  • 18

    Brandenburg Concertos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a collection of six concertos dedicated to the Margrave Christian Ludwig of Brandenburg by Bach, likely as an appeal from Bach for a better job

    解説

  • 19

    equal temperament

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a division of the octave into twelve equal half-steps, each with the ratio of approximately 18:17; first advocated by some musicians in the early sixteenth century

    解説

  • 20

    subject

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in a fugue, the theme

    解説

  • 21

    invertible counterpoint

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • counterpoint carefully written so that the vertical position of two or more voices can be switched without violating the rules of counterpoint or creating undue dissonance

    解説

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