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Music History #3

カード 32枚 作成者: Teddy (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • Syntagma musicum

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Syntagma musicum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Known in English as the Systematic Treatise of Music, includes woodcut illustrations of instruments. p. 265

    解説

  • 2

    Clavicembalo

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Small, Italian harpsichord. p. 268

    解説

  • 3

    Clavichord

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Soft-sounding solo keyboard instrument for small rooms; tone is sustained until player releases the key. Player can control volume and can create vibrato. p. 268

    解説

  • 4

    Basse danse

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The "low dance." The most popular dance of the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. A stately couple dance marked by gracefully raising and lowering the body. It featured five different kinds of steps in various combinations. p. 270

    解説

  • 5

    Vihuela

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Instrument which had its ancestry in the Arab oud; is an ancestor of the modern guitar. Had a flat back and guitar-shaped body. p. 267

    解説

  • 6

    Pavane

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A dance step of the 16th century which was included in a pair or group of three dances. A stately dance in three repeated strains (AABBCC). p. 270

    解説

  • 7

    Clavecin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Small, French harpsichord. p. 268

    解説

  • 8

    Intabulation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An arrangement of vocal pieces written down by lutenists or keyboard players in tablature. p. 272

    解説

  • 9

    Polychoral motets

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The glory of the Venetian church. These were works for two or more choirs. p. 283

    解説

  • 10

    Ricercare

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A motetlike succession of imitative sections. From the Italian verb meaning "to seek out" or "to attempt". p. 280

    解説

  • 11

    Violin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Instrument that was bowed, fretless, tuned in 5ths, orginally had only 3 strings. p. 267

    解説

  • 12

    Toccata

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The chief form of keyboard music in improvisatory style during the second half of the sixteenth century. From the Italian toccare ("to touch"). p. 279

    解説

  • 13

    Saltarello

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The second dance step in a pairing of dances in slow duple and fast triple meter. Popular in Italy and Germany. p. 270

    解説

  • 14

    Viola da gamba/ viol

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Instrument held between the legs and bowed underhand. Had frets. p. 267

    解説

  • 15

    Parthenia

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • First published book for the virginal. Contains music by William Byrd (see chapter 10), John Bull (ca. 1562-1628), and Orlando Gibbons (1583-1625). In addition to variations, the collection has dances, preludes, and fantasias. p. 276

    解説

  • 16

    In Nomine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A popular cantus-firmus theme, derived from the Sanctus of John Tavener's Missa Gloria tibi trinitas. Tavener transcribed his mass for instruments. Hundreds were published, especially for viol consort. p. 273

    解説

  • 17

    Galliard

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A dance step of the 16th century which was included in a pair of group of three dances. A lively dance with the form AABBCC, with a variant on the same melody. p. 270

    解説

  • 18

    Virginalist

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A group of late 16th and early 17th English keyboard composers named for their instrument. p. 274

    解説

  • 19

    Consort

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • English concept of an instrumental ensemble of 4-7 instruments. p. 266

    解説

  • 20

    Church of St. Mark

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The private chapel of the doge. The location of great civic and religious ceremonies.The position of choirmaster was the most coveted musical post in Italy. Willaert, Rore, and Zarlino held the post in the sixteenth century. Monteverdi held the post in the seventeenth century. p. 283

    解説

  • 21

    Organ verse/ verset

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An arrangement of a chant for choir and organ rather than 2 choirs. p. 273

    解説

  • 22

    Lute

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Instrument which had its ancestry in the Arab oud; is an ancestor of the modern guitar. Was pear shaped, with a rounded back, flat fingerboard, and pegbox. p. 267

    解説

  • 23

    Virginal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Small, English harpsichord. p. 268

    解説

  • 24

    Sackbut

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Renaissance brass instrument that was the ancestor of the modern trombone.

    解説

  • 25

    Cori spezzati

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Means in Italian "divided choirs," this technique was used by composers late 16th century such as Willaert and Gabrieli. p. 283

    解説

  • 26

    Variations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Form of improvising in which a given melody, bass line, harmonic plan, etc. is presented and then followed by uninterrupted interpretive, similar melodies, bass lines, etc. p. 273

    解説

  • 27

    Crumhorn

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Renaissance wind instrument featuring an enclosed double reed which sounds like a soft bagpipe. p. 266

    解説

  • 28

    Passamezzo

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The first dance step in a pairing of dances in slow duple and fast triple meter. Popular in Italy and Germany. p. 270

    解説

  • 29

    Sonata

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Italian for "sounded." A close relative of the canzona, consisting of series of sections each based on a different subject or on variants of a single subject. Could be used in the mass service. p. 283

    解説

  • 30

    Sacrae Symphoniae

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Means in Latin "Sacred Symphonies." This collection of sacred music written by Gabrieli includes a sonata (Sonata pian'e forte) which is among the first instrumental ensemble pieces to designate specific instruments in the printed parts. p. 283

    解説

  • 31

    Canzona

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Became one of the leading genres of contrapuntal instrumental music in the late sixteenth century. Light, fast-moving, and strongly rhythmic, with a fairly simple contrapuntal texture. p. 281

    解説

  • 32

    Harpsichord

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • This instrument's family includes the virginal (England), clavecin (France), and clavicembalo (Italy). Louder than clavichord but without the nuances of dynamics or vibrato. A second keyboard attached to two sets of strings produced a louder sound for contrast. Strings are plucked, so the pitch is not sustained. p. 268

    解説

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