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Music History #2

カード 143枚 作成者: Teddy (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • Frances James Child

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  • 1

    Frances James Child

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The English and Scottish Popular Ballads (1882); 305 cataloged ballads; Worked to restore ballad music

    解説

  • 2

    Clint Black

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Country singer adamant about writing his own material; Many battles with his label and manager that have kept him off the air for years

    解説

  • 3

    Kitty Wells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "Queen of Country Music"; 1st female to rise to #1on country charts with "It Wasn't God who made Honky Tonk Angels," which dissed men

    解説

  • 4

    Theremin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Early keyboard-less electronic instrument that emulated the human voice; Basically, capacitance-controlled oscillator

    解説

  • 5

    Country Music Television

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Debuted in 1983 on cable; Started with 24 videos

    解説

  • 6

    Child Ballads

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Ballads which were collected, organized, and published by Francis James Child

    解説

  • 7

    Jig

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Dance tune in 6/8, accent falls on 1st and 4th ⅛ note

    解説

  • 8

    Fisk Jubilee Singers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sung "genuine" slave spirituals and popularized the song form; Performed for many presidents, royalty, and famous people of the day

    解説

  • 9

    Instruments of Jigs & Reels

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Commonly played with fiddles, squeeze-box, penny whistles and, bodhrán (handheld drum)

    解説

  • 10

    Rodgers and Hart

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Mostly wrote for theater and Broadway shows; One of the 1st famous songwriting teams with Rodgers composing the music and Hart writing the lyrics

    解説

  • 11

    Dust Bowl Ballads

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Released on RCA Victor by Woodie Guthrie in 1940 with the help of Alan Lomax

    解説

  • 12

    Grand Ole Opry

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Barn dance program that aired on Nashville's WSM since 1926; Longest running radio show; Responsible for the spread of country music through America and a major force behind Nashville being named "the country music capitol" of the world

    解説

  • 13

    Federal Music Project

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • New Deal project; Employed 15,000 musicians; Funded government orchestras and free concerts of both classical and popular music; Documented folk music of North America for the Library of Congress

    解説

  • 14

    Nashville Sound

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Commercial country music of the late 1950's and 1960's incorporating studio musicians; Lush string, horn and vocal arrangements; Created a pop sheen not previously heard, in country music; 1st style of popular music in America that required a multi-track studio; Appealed to broad audiences; Patsy Cine & Eddy Arnold

    解説

  • 15

    Sea Shanty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Song sung by English and American sailors to accomplish tasks that required precision teamwork

    解説

  • 16

    Polka

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Bohemian dance in quick 2/4 meter; Popular in the 19th century; Blend of Eastern and Gypsy folk dances

    解説

  • 17

    Bob Wills

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Fiddler from East Texas; Band was The Texas Playboys; Pioneered western sing music; "The King of Western Swing"

    解説

  • 18

    "Folsom Prison Blues"

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1956 album by Johnny Cash that succeeded on both the pop and country charts

    解説

  • 19

    Gene Autrey

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "The Singing Cowboy"; Actor and country music star turned shrewd investor; Sang several popular classic Christmas songs including "Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer"

    解説

  • 20

    Reba McEntire

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Known for Vegas-style productions of live shows; Considered the reigning Queen of Country Music

    解説

  • 21

    Sallie Gooden

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Eck Robertson & Henry Gilliland song; 1st hillbilly/country song recorded

    解説

  • 22

    XERA

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Located in Acuna, Mexico; Founded by the owner of Black Perune medicine; Broadcast out of Mexico at 500kW that could actually make it to Canada

    解説

  • 23

    Mamie Smith

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • First African American artist to make vocal blues recordings in 1920; Sang "Crazy Blues"

    解説

  • 24

    Federal Writer's Project

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • New Deal project to fund written work and support writers during the Great Depression

    解説

  • 25

    The Weavers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Folk group formed in 1949 by Pete Seeger, Lee Hays, Ronnie Gilbert & Fred Hellerman; Signed with Decca Records; Falsely accused of being communists and were blacklisted

    解説

  • 26

    Cole Porter

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Lyric and music composer who emulated the use of Hebrew melodies popularized by Irving Berlin and George Gershwin; Wrote elegant, metropolitan tunes during America's most trying decades, The Great Depression and World War II

    解説

  • 27

    Loretta Lynn

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Brought a bold female point-of-view to country music

    解説

  • 28

    Woody Guthrie

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • American songwriter/folksinger from Oklahoma; Wrote numerous "Dust Bowl" ballads and songs of social injustice; Wrote "This Land is Your Land" and "So Long, It's Been Good to Know Yuh (Dusty Old Dust)"

    解説

  • 29

    Allemande

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A dance in moderate time, most often in 4/4 or 2/4 meter; Usually the first movement of a Baroque Dance Suite

    解説

  • 30

    Garth Brooks

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Country music phenom that struck a nerve with America along the lines of The Beatles and Elvis Presley

    解説

  • 31

    Delta Blues

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Percussive attack on guitar strings and bottle neck slide playing; Generally solo performances

    解説

  • 32

    Conway Twitty

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Singer in 70's and 80's; Songs were intimate and sexual; Performed duets with Loretta Lynn

    解説

  • 33

    Patsy Cline

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Most influential female singer of early country music; Opened the door to more audiences to female country singers

    解説

  • 34

    Joe Falcon & Cleoma Breaux

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Made first recording of Cajun music in New Orleans; "Allons a Lafayette"

    解説

  • 35

    March on Washington

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Held in 1963 to show support for the Civil Rights Bill in Congress; Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous "I have a dream..." speech; 250,000 people attended; Bob Dylan & Joan Baez perform

    解説

  • 36

    Operatta

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Patterned after European "high" opera; Generally shortened in length, lighter in theme, and included spoken dialogue unlike Opera

    解説

  • 37

    Jelly Roll Morton

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Widely recognized as a pivotal figure in early jazz; Jazz's first arranger and improvisor; Recorded by Alan Lomax in 1938

    解説

  • 38

    WSM AM

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Radio station that sponsored Grand Ole Opry; "We Shield Millions"

    解説

  • 39

    Vaudeville

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Popular music with non-amplified, theater-style singing

    解説

  • 40

    Cajun Music

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Louisiana dance music similar to Zydeco with a pronounced hillbilly country style; Played with piano, accordion and fiddle; Vocals commonly sung in French

    解説

  • 41

    Young Country Format

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Format beginning with Randy Travis that commercialized on country music's new pop star status; Popular hybrid of country and soft rock that has generated billions of dollars

    解説

  • 42

    Ricky Skaggs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • One of the first of the New Traditional country singers; Began as a backup singer for Emmylou Harris

    解説

  • 43

    Garth Brooks

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Biggest selling solo artist ever; First country album to go #1 in its first week ("No Fences"); Sold 20 million copies

    解説

  • 44

    Irving Berlin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Combined early Tin Pan Alley-styled compositions and Hebrew melodies with ragtime and jazz.

    解説

  • 45

    Muddy Waters

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "Father of the Blues"; Inspired British rock bands; First recorded by Alan Lomax for the Library of Congress

    解説

  • 46

    Pee Wee King

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The first to include electric guitars in recorded country music

    解説

  • 47

    Folk Revival

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Founded on the folk tradition from Appalachia; Crooned about the issues of their time; Sang old songs until the demand for new songs that sounded like the old ones forced them to write new songs; Created the professional folk singer genre

    解説

  • 48

    Hard Gospel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Emotionally charged screams and wails in lead vocals often with call and response; Generally performed by multiple vocalists

    解説

  • 49

    Newport Folk Festival

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cajun music makes its first public appearance; Bob Dylan goes electric and is booed off the stage; Apex for the folk revival movement

    解説

  • 50

    Ragtime

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Characterized by syncopated melodic lines; Most commonly played on piano; Fuses West African influenced rhythms with European classical and popular music

    解説

  • 51

    Early Tin Pan Alley

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Publishing Company-commissioned songwriters, writing in the style of Stephen Foster; Written to be sung by any average singer

    解説

  • 52

    Tennessee Ernie Ford

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Recorded the first country hits to be recorded on magnetic tape

    解説

  • 53

    Tom T. Hall

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • One of the most successful singer-composers ever; Over 200 of his songs have been recorded by other artists

    解説

  • 54

    International Submarine Band

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Gram Parsons first band consisting of young members playing country

    解説

  • 55

    Tune Family

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Group of songs based on earlier parent tunes

    解説

  • 56

    Rockabilly Revival

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Movement in the 1980's that began with The Stray Cats and The Cramps; Rebirth of rockabilly music

    解説

  • 57

    Bob Dylan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • American folksinger and songwriter; Strong note of social protest &popular during the 60's; Wrote songs such as "Blowin' in the Wind," "The Times They Are A-Changin'," and "Like a Rolling Stone"

    解説

  • 58

    Honky Tonk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Urbanization of country music; Distinguished from other country music of the period in its use of drums, a heavy back-beat and electric guitar; Began in bar roadhouses in the Southwest in 1940's

    解説

  • 59

    Country Dance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Variety of group folk dances from rural England that emphasized energy and improvisational dancing; Line of men and line of women move back in forth to 8-bar phrases

    解説

  • 60

    Boozoo Chavis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Records first Zydeco recording in 1954 with "Paper In My Shoe"

    解説

  • 61

    Country Music Association

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Founded in 1957; Helped define and promote country music;

    解説

  • 62

    The Great Speckled Bird

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The single most famous song in the history of country music; Recorded by Roy Acuff

    解説

  • 63

    George Strait

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Artist receiving the most credit for breaking the urban cowboy movement; One of the most endeared country singers of all time

    解説

  • 64

    Memphis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The Rockabilly Capitol of the World; Crossroad of music cultures in America; Thrived thanks to the efforts of Sun Records

    解説

  • 65

    Snake Oil Shows

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Early beginnings of country music; Live performances before medicinal wagons sold their goods

    解説

  • 66

    Reel

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Dance tune in 4/4, accent falls on the 1st and 3rd beat

    解説

  • 67

    Trad Clubs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • English nightclubs known for their ragtime jazz offerings

    解説

  • 68

    Almanac Singers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Woodie Guthrie and Pete Seeger's folk group that took folk melodies and performed them with new texts that stressed the social and political concerns of the time; Popularized union organization

    解説

  • 69

    Pete Seeger

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Folk Revival musician; Pioneer in protest music to support international disarmament and civil rights; Blacklisted in the McCarthy "Red Scare"; Wrote "If I Had a Hammer" & "We Shall Overcome"; Formed bands The Weavers & The Almanac Singers; Popularized folk songs for use as both entertainment and social awareness

    解説

  • 70

    The Byrds

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The first rock band featured on the Grand Ole Opry in history

    解説

  • 71

    Urban Cowboy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Name given to the trend that fused disco with country twang; Sparked by the 1980 movie starring John Travolta and Debra Winger; Inspired the mechanical bull riding craze

    解説

  • 72

    Vernon Dalhart

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Country music's first million dollar record ("The Prisoner's Song") recorded in 1924; 5,000 records of about 1,000 songs; Some people put his total albums sold at a staggering 75 million

    解説

  • 73

    Strathpey

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Slow Scottish dance in 4/4 time with many dotted note rhythms (called a Scotch snap); Precursor to the "reel" form

    解説

  • 74

    John Hammond

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Famous for signing Bob Dylan to Columbia records; Other discoveries for Columbia include Bessie Smith, Count Basie, Billie Holiday, Lester Young, Charlie Christian, Pete Seeger, Aretha Franklin, and Bruce Springsteen

    解説

  • 75

    Lux Interior & Poison Ivy Rorschach

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Founders of the Cramps; Responsible for pushing country music to the masses of punk audiences in the 80's and 90's

    解説

  • 76

    Graham Parsons

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Founding member of the Byrds and the Flying Burrito Brothers; Started the country rock album trend and widely influenced rock music

    解説

  • 77

    Harry Warren

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Italian-American music composer who, like Gershwin, worked with a series of lyricists; Contributed catchy melodies to more than 75 movies; Works especially popular among, swing jazz bands

    解説

  • 78

    Country Balladeer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Sparked by America's interest in folk singing; Johnny Horton, Roger Miller, and Marty Robbins

    解説

  • 79

    Kris Kristofferson

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rhodes Scholar and college graduate (not typical of country musicians; Primarily a songwriter; Landed a helicopter in Johnny Cash's yard to get him to listen to his demo tapes; Wrote lyrics that appealed to a younger generation emboldened after Vietnam

    解説

  • 80

    Black Sunday

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • April 14, 1935; Worst storm of the Dust Bowl era; 100 million acres of farmland lost; 350,000 people migrate from the affected regions

    解説

  • 81

    Piedmont Blues

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Danceable ragtime rhythms played commonly on 12-string guitar; Generally performed solo

    解説

  • 82

    The Everly Brothers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Inspired every 1960's rock act that employed harmonies

    解説

  • 83

    Country Rock

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Combination of 1960s rock and electric country

    解説

  • 84

    George Gershwin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Eminent 20th Century Jewish-American music composer strongly influenced by, ragtime, jazz, blues and gospel styles; Strongly influenced by Irving Berlin

    解説

  • 85

    Texas Blues

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Clean intricate finger picking guitar style with pronounced melody; Generally performed solo

    解説

  • 86

    New Traditionalist Movement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Back-to-country-roots movement in reaction to the "urban cowboy" genre; Applied to appearance, style, and attitudes...not just music

    解説

  • 87

    Countrypolitan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Another term for the "Nashville Sound"; Sophisticated approach to the vocal presentation and instrumental arrangement of country music; Fusion of "country" and "cosmopolitan"

    解説

  • 88

    Ralph Peer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Talent scout for Okeh Records; Discoverd the Carter Family and Jimmie Rodgers; Put together the Bristol Sessions collection; Employed new electric microphones on his early recordings

    解説

  • 89

    Gospel Diva

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Impassioned female lead vocalists

    解説

  • 90

    Outlaw Country

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Electric country music lyrically influenced by the counterculture; Attempt to escape the formulated Nashville sound; Fathered by Willie Nelson and Waylon Jennings; Capitalized on the overlap between audiences for rock and country music

    解説

  • 91

    Eddy Arnold

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Considered by many to be the first country crooner; Nominated by CMA as their first Entertainer of the Year

    解説

  • 92

    Ballad

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Song or song-like poem that tells a story often as a lengthy narrative recounting a particular figure or event

    解説

  • 93

    KDKA

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The first commercial radio station in America (in Pittsburgh); Transmitted at 5,000 watts

    解説

  • 94

    Sarabande

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Spanish; 3/4 time; Slowest of the Baroque Dance Suite movements; Emphasis on the 2nd beat; Usually the 3rd movement of a Baroque Dance Suite

    解説

  • 95

    Blues Guitar

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Amplified lead guitar performed with amplified backing band

    解説

  • 96

    Lonnie Donegan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Skiffle musician with more than 20 UK Top 30 hits; "King of Skiffle"; Influenced British musicians of the 60's

    解説

  • 97

    29-Oct-29

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • U.S. Stock market crashes; Great Depression officially begins (Black Tuesday)

    解説

  • 98

    Earl Scruggs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • American banjo player; Popularized 3-Finger picking banjo style; Modernized the sound of bluegrass with Bill Monroe and guitarist Lester Flatt

    解説

  • 99

    Federal Theater Project

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • New Deal project to fund theatre and other live artistic performances in the United States during the Great Depression; Primary goal was employment of out-of-work artists, writers, and directors

    解説

  • 100

    Bill Monroe

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • "Father of Bluegrass"; Melded old-time string bands with blues; Debuted at Grand Ole Opry in 1939; Wrote "New Mule Skinner Blues"; Coined the term "bluegrass"

    解説

  • 101

    A Capella

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Singing without musical accompaniment

    解説

  • 102

    Charley Pride

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The most successful black country music singer; 50 Top 10 hits

    解説

  • 103

    Courante

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A dance in triple meter at a moderate tempo; Usually the 2nd movement of a Baroque Dance Suite

    解説

  • 104

    Woody and Lefty Lou Show

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Platform for many of Woody Guthrie's protest songs regarding the treatment of Dust Bowl migrants

    解説

  • 105

    Waylon Jennings

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Along with Willie Nelson helped form the genre of "Outlaw Country"

    解説

  • 106

    Sun Records

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Founded in Memphis, Tennessee by Sam Phillips; Gave first recording contract to Elvis Presley, Carl Perkins, Roy Orbison, and Johnny Cash; Aim was to record black music for white audiences

    解説

  • 107

    Richie Havens

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Electrified the Greenwich Village scene of the late 60's with a high energy mixture of blues, rock, and folk

    解説

  • 108

    Rockabilly

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Music that mixed bluegrass and country influences with those of black folk music and early amplified blues; Originated in Southern dance floors

    解説

  • 109

    Bluegrass

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Music that combines the banjo, fiddle, mandolin, dobro, guitar, and acoustic bass with a vocal style often dubbed the "high, lonesome sound"; Came from white music in the South and Appalachia; Built on Irish and Scottish instruments and traditions

    解説

  • 110

    Peter, Paul & Mary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Folk Revival musicians who wrote lighter songs than Dylan that contained more thoughtful anti-war lyrics; Commercially assembled band that didn't write their own music; 1st hits were Dylan covers; Famous for "Puff the Magic Dragon"

    解説

  • 111

    Barn Dance Radio

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Variety of radio programs of country and folk music (1923+); WLS (Chicago) begins broadcasting the "National Barn Dance" (1924)

    解説

  • 112

    Robert Johnson

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Most romanticized figure of the Delta Blues; Legend that he sold his soul to the devil in exchange for his immense talent and unexplainable early death; Recorded all 42 of his songs between 1936-37

    解説

  • 113

    Thomas A. Dorsey

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Spirituals performed with a blues influence; This combination of styles is now known as "Soul Gospel"

    解説

  • 114

    Joan Baez

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Liberally-conscious folk singer; Helped Bob Dylan get signed; Founded the Institute for the Study of Non-Violence

    解説

  • 115

    Zydeco

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Louisiana Dance music similar to Cajun with a pronounced blues style; Commonly played with piano, accordion, fiddle rub board (metal washboard), saxes, electric guitar, and drums; Vocals commonly, sung in French Creole or accented English

    解説

  • 116

    Acuff-Rose Publishing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • First powerhouse country music publishing company

    解説

  • 117

    Federal Arts Project

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • New Deal project that put people to work painting murals, creating posters, writing and performing plays, and working in community centers

    解説

  • 118

    City Blues

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Female vocal performances accompanied by professional jazz musicians/bands

    解説

  • 119

    Jimmie Rodgers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Father of modern country music; Known for his "Blue Yodels"; Infused the mystique of the railroad man; Symbolized the wandering romantic

    解説

  • 120

    Bill Haley and the Comets

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • First to combine rock n' roll with country/western to give rock n' roll it's signature sound; "Rock Around the Clock"; 1st rock n' roll song to top charts

    解説

  • 121

    Celts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Had the strongest ancient musical and defining cultural influence over the British Isles; Bound together by common speech, traditions, and religion; Cultural reliance on oral tradition

    解説

  • 122

    Folk Process

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The collective changing of a song changed through oral tradition and re-creation

    解説

  • 123

    Bristol Sessions

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Hillbilly vocal performances with strong roots in the folk tradition; Performed with basic stringed instruments; Response to radio's need for records; Jimmie Rodgers; Carter Family

    解説

  • 124

    Merle Haggard

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Witnessed a performance by Johnny Cash in San Quentin Prison; Became a dominating force behind the Bakersfield Sound

    解説

  • 125

    Folk Music

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Music of unknown authorship from a particular region or people, passed down through oral tradition; Developed into modern songs

    解説

  • 126

    Skiffle

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Uptempo hybrid of jazz, blues and folk music popularized in the U.K.; Played with homemade instruments, acoustic guitars, bass and drum kit

    解説

  • 127

    Western Swing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Danceable music of the American Southwest, influenced by jazz and blues; Incorporates fiddlers, electric and steel guitars; Addition of horns and drums popularized by the swing jazz bands of the day

    解説

  • 128

    Merle Travis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Developed a guitar style called "Travis Picking" consisting of plucking a bass line with thumb and the melody with the forefinger; Sang about the life of the coal miner

    解説

  • 129

    Hank Williams

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Father of contemporary country music; "Lovesick Blues"; Death at age 29 is shrouded in mystery; Most prolific and successful country music songwriter in history

    解説

  • 130

    Buck Owens

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Father of the Bakersfield sound in country music

    解説

  • 131

    Gigues

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A dance in the lively triple meter serving as the last dance in the typical Baroque Dance Suite

    解説

  • 132

    Jubilee Quartets

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Close (tight)-harmony vocal groups; Bass, Baritone Tenor, Lead Tenor vocal ranges; Generally consisting of male singers.

    解説

  • 133

    Boogie Woogie Blues

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A type of rhythmic piano music that features repeated bass figures (or riffs) over which a syncopated melody is performed; Popularized by the Delmore Brothers and Bill Haley

    解説

  • 134

    High Lonesome Sound

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Three-part vocal harmonies, high and close

    解説

  • 135

    Praise Houses

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Small buildings in the woods where slaves would worship; Origin of "slave work songs" or spirituals

    解説

  • 136

    Greenwich Village

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Part of Manhattan where many artists, writers, and intellectuals flocked where the beat movement centered and Bob Dylan first began to perform

    解説

  • 137

    Stephen Foster

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Wrote American songs that remain popular 150 years after they were composed and were a blueprint for American popular songwriting

    解説

  • 138

    Hornpipes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Characteristic dance of sailors with folded arms and characteristic steps or gestures

    解説

  • 139

    Leadbelly

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Influential folk singer; Born Huddie Ledbetter (1888-1949); Inspired "skiffle style" in Britain; Discovered by John & Alan Lomax in a Louisiana penitentiary; Sang "Irene, Goodnight"; Received pardon in 1934; Played with 12-string guitar; Songs are in the folk tradition and tell a story

    解説

  • 140

    Bakersfield Sound

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Combines the energy of rockabilly with the lyrical delivery of honky tonk; Commonly identifiable by the treble-filled twang of electric guitars; Stood in direct opposition to the slick sound of much Nashville country music; Popularized by musicians like Merle Haggard and Buck Owens

    解説

  • 141

    Chicago Blues

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An amplified version of Delta blues with crying lead guitar and amplified harmonica; Commonly includes, electric guitar, bass, amplified harmonica (blues harp) and drum kit; Rougher, grittier styles, closely linked to African American folk traditions

    解説

  • 142

    Phil Ochs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Folk singer who protested the Vietnam War; Organized rallies in 1967 under the slogan, "War is Over";

    解説

  • 143

    John Lomax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Pioneering musicologist and folklorist; "Cowboy Songs and Other Frontier Ballads" (1910); Worked to archive folk music in the Library of Congress; Sparked collections of folk songs in America

    解説

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