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Music History #1

カード 76枚 作成者: Teddy (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • monophony

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    monophony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • melody without harmony or counterpoint

    解説

  • 2

    Mass Ordinary

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...the parts of the Mass that do not change, although the songs may change

    解説

  • 3

    Graduale

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...book containing music for Mass

    解説

  • 4

    direct

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...just one choir singing an entire piece with no alternating phrases

    解説

  • 5

    neumatic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...an even mix of syllabic and melismatic qualities in the music

    解説

  • 6

    responsorial

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...a choir and a soloist singing alternating phrases

    解説

  • 7

    Lyre

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a harp used by ancient Greeks for accompaniment

    解説

  • 8

    De Institutione Musica

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...Boethius's fundamentals of music, consisting of musica mundana, musica humana, and musica instrumentalis

    解説

  • 9

    polyphony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • music arranged in parts for several voices or instruments

    解説

  • 10

    Doctrine of Ethos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The belief that listening to certain music changes your ethos and affects your character

    解説

  • 11

    minnelieder

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...songs written by the German minnesingers that concentrated on the theme of love

    解説

  • 12

    chant / plainchant / Gregorian chant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...monophonic choral music passed down through the ages. It is the first example we have of written music

    解説

  • 13

    liturgical

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...to do with the texts performed in a religious service

    解説

  • 14

    organum quadruplum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...organum with four voices

    解説

  • 15

    Goliard songs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...songs written by travelling students

    解説

  • 16

    Franconian motet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...motets written by Franco without the use of rhythmic modes and with lines that were sung simultaneously in different languages

    解説

  • 17

    melismatic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...chants that have many notes per syllable

    解説

  • 18

    Chanson de geste

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...French medieval songs about heroes

    解説

  • 19

    triplum voice

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...the voice above the duplum voice

    解説

  • 20

    Winchester Troper

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...Largest collection of organum in the 11th century, originated from the Winchester Cathedral

    解説

  • 21

    Anonymous IV

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...Late 13th century Englishman who is our primary source of knowledge for everything we know about Leoninus, Perotinus, and the Notre Dame school

    解説

  • 22

    chansonniers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...collection of songbooks in French vernacular written by trouveres and troubadours

    解説

  • 23

    motetus voice

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...the voice above the tenor

    解説

  • 24

    discant organum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...organum that contained contrary motion, this is where rhythmic modes began their use

    解説

  • 25

    trope

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...an expansion of existing chant containing new music, new text, or both

    解説

  • 26

    Song of Roland

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...French battle song about the war hero named Roland

    解説

  • 27

    schola cantorum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...music academy, like a conservatory by today's standards

    解説

  • 28

    The Guidonian Hand

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...diagram used as a teaching tool to teach students to sing specific intervals as teachers pointed to different spots on their hand

    解説

  • 29

    aulos

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • single or double-reed instrument often mistaken for flute, used by ancient Greeks. consists of twin pipes

    解説

  • 30

    oblique organum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...much like parallel organum, except not every voice moves parallel on every note

    解説

  • 31

    Notre Dame school

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...when the cathedral was being built, musicians were inspired to write new music to fill the giant hall

    解説

  • 32

    organum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...the addition of one or more voices to existing chant songs

    解説

  • 33

    heterophony

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • simultaneous instrument and vocal melody

    解説

  • 34

    duplum voice

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...the voice below the triplum voice

    解説

  • 35

    Mass Proper

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...the parts of the Mass that change each particular day

    解説

  • 36

    tenor voice

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...always the lowest voice

    解説

  • 37

    Clausula

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...a short piece of organum that closes with a cadence

    解説

  • 38

    plagal modes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...Hypodorian, Hypophrygian, Hypolydian, Hypomixolydian

    解説

  • 39

    Occitan / Langue d'oc

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...language spoken in southern parts of France during and after the middle ages

    解説

  • 40

    Magnus Liber Organi

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...The Great Book of Polyphony

    解説

  • 41

    Liber Usualis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...collection of the most often used chants found in the Antiphonal and Graduale

    解説

  • 42

    Provencal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...dialect of Southern France, comes from langue d'oc

    解説

  • 43

    Musica humana

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...Music of the body, the belief that the human body exists in a state of harmony (ie sickness is out of harmony)

    解説

  • 44

    Office / Canonical Hours

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...a series of 8 prayer services held at specific times of each day in a religious community

    解説

  • 45

    sequence

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...chants that are built from Jubili

    解説

  • 46

    eight church modes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...Dorian, Hypodorian, Phrygian, Hypophrygian, Lydian, Hypolydian, Mixolydian, Hypomixolydian

    解説

  • 47

    langue d'oil

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...language spoken in northern France, which is closest to modern french

    解説

  • 48

    florid organum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...the original chant is slowed down to an unrecognizable drone with new chant sung on top of it

    解説

  • 49

    psalm tones

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...a pattern for psalm singing that could be adapted to any psalm

    解説

  • 50

    trouvere / troubador

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...a french poet-composer who wrote Monophonic (a single melodic line) songs; they didn't travel, but resided at the court

    解説

  • 51

    Quadrivium

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...Boethius's classifications of the 4 essential maths and sciences; being geometry, arithmetic, astronomy, and harmonics

    解説

  • 52

    organum triplum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...organum with three voices

    解説

  • 53

    antiphonal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...two choruses singing alternating phrases

    解説

  • 54

    Antiphonale

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...book containing music for offices

    解説

  • 55

    Antiphon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...verse or sentence with its own melody, which "bolsters" the text. An antiphon is sung before and after every psalm

    解説

  • 56

    bar form

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...AAB formula for songwriting

    解説

  • 57

    Musica instrumentalis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...Music of the instruments, the final and lowest form of ancient music consisted of audible music like we know today

    解説

  • 58

    Musica Enchiriadis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...Music Handbook that instructed students how to write polyphony

    解説

  • 59

    minnesinger

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...a poet and composer of medieval Germany who wrote monophonic songs, particularly about love

    解説

  • 60

    authentic modes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, Mixolydian

    解説

  • 61

    Ars Cantus Mensurabililis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...a treatise from the 13th century by Franco that suggested that music may have rhythms with defined length, brought about the end to rhythmic modes and the dawn of modern notation

    解説

  • 62

    jubiluis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...adds something fun and joyful to the chant

    解説

  • 63

    Aristotle's Theory of Imitation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Music affects your soul (both positively and negatively depending on the music)

    解説

  • 64

    parallel organum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...the original chant sung with another voice a 5th below

    解説

  • 65

    Jongleur (minstrel)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ... musician who performed shows wherever they went to make money, much like modern day touring act

    解説

  • 66

    cantus firmus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...a polyphonic work based on an existing chant melody

    解説

  • 67

    contrary organum

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...voices move against each other creating new harmonies, which leads to polyphony

    解説

  • 68

    Dies Irae

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...Day of Wrath

    解説

  • 69

    Musica mundana

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...Music of the spheres, the belief that the planets and celestial bodies move together in harmony

    解説

  • 70

    Motet

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...features one or more voices with its own text in Latin or French. Used borrowed chant material in its Tenor

    解説

  • 71

    Polyphonic conductus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...a processional tune set to rhymed, rhythmic, Latin poetry

    解説

  • 72

    Doxology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...The Gloria Patri

    解説

  • 73

    syllabic

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...chants that have one note per syllable

    解説

  • 74

    Trivium

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...Capella's classifications of the 3 essential language arts; being grammar, logic, and rhetoric

    解説

  • 75

    Rhythmic Modes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ...different generic rhythms were assigned to a mode to allow the chorus to follow the conductors instructions will performing

    解説

  • 76

    kithara

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a stringed instrument used for personal accompaniment in ancient Greek music

    解説

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