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Taxes and Government Spending

カード 33枚 作成者: JS star (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • tax

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教材の説明:

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公開範囲:

公開

言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a required payment to a local, state or national government

    解説

  • 2

    personal property

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • movable possessions or assets (included in real property)

    解説

  • 3

    balanced budget

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a budget in which revenue and spending are equal

    解説

  • 4

    withholding

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • taking tax payments out of an employee's pay before he or she receives it

    解説

  • 5

    proportional tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax for which the percentage of income paid in taxes remains the same at all income levels

    解説

  • 6

    tax incentive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the use of taxation to discourage or encourage certain types of behavior

    解説

  • 7

    individual income tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax based on a person's earnings

    解説

  • 8

    tax credit

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a variable amount that taxpayers may subtract from the total amount of their income tax

    解説

  • 9

    regressive tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax for which the percentage of income paid in taxes decreases as income increases

    解説

  • 10

    gift tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax on the money or property one living person gives to another

    解説

  • 11

    tax deduction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a variable amount that taxpayers must subtract from thier gross income

    解説

  • 12

    corporate income tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax based on a company's profit

    解説

  • 13

    capital budget

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a budget for spending on major investments (long term)

    解説

  • 14

    tax base

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the income, property, good or service that is subject to tax

    解説

  • 15

    mandatory spending

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • spending that Congress is required by existing law to do (healthcare and social security)

    解説

  • 16

    tax assessor

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an official who determines the value of property (property estimate)

    解説

  • 17

    real property

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • land and any permanent structures on the land to which a person has legal title

    解説

  • 18

    sales tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax based on goods or services that are sold

    解説

  • 19

    property tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax based on real estate and other property

    解説

  • 20

    taxable income

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the earnings on which tax must be paid; total income minus exemptions and deductions

    解説

  • 21

    tax characteristics

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • simplicity, efficiency, certainty and equity

    解説

  • 22

    tariff

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax on imported goods

    解説

  • 23

    tax return

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a form used to file income taxes

    解説

  • 24

    tax exempt

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • not subject to taxes

    解説

  • 25

    entitlement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • social welfare program that people are "entitled to" benefit from if they meet certain eligibility requirements

    解説

  • 26

    estate tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax on the total value of the money and property of a person who has died

    解説

  • 27

    revenue

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the income received by a government from taxes and other nontax sources

    解説

  • 28

    discretionary spending

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • spending about which Congress is free to make choices (military and education)

    解説

  • 29

    budget

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an estimate of future revenue and expenses

    解説

  • 30

    incidence of tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the final burden of a tax (who bears the burden of the tax?)

    解説

  • 31

    progressive tax

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a tax for which the percentage of income paid in taxes increases as income increases

    解説

  • 32

    personal exemption

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a set amount that taxpayers must subtract from their gross income for themselves, their spouse, and any dependents

    解説

  • 33

    operating budget

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a budget for day-to-day spending needs (short term)

    解説

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