zuknow learn together

新しい教材を作成

Teaching Business English

カード 98枚 作成者: JS star (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • Often students know the technical and professional terms associated with their work and what they frequently need is the bits in between such as word partnerships, collocations, common social expressions and natural everyday social language.

解説面  クリックしてカードを裏返す

アプリをダウンロードして、このコンテンツを学習しよう! AppStore / Google Play

教材の説明:

詳細はありません

公開範囲:

公開

カテゴリ:

言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
  • このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
  • 1

    Often students know the technical and professional terms associated with their work and what they frequently need is the bits in between such as word partnerships, collocations, common social expressions and natural everyday social language.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Some examples of word partnership in a business context:, sales prospects, break off negotiations, enter a market, raise funds, carry out research, Collocation = the way in which words are used together regularly. Another term for "word partnership"

    解説

  • 2

    People attending ________ English courses may want to develop their communication skills for either business or professional purposes. Sometimes they need to improve their writing skills for academic purposes.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • business

    解説

  • 3

    Sometimes what Business English students want to learn and need to learn differ, but a _____ ________ will give a good idea of their level and requirements.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • needs analysis

    解説

  • 4

    How do I prepare group lessons for people who have different jobs?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Participants in a Business English course will expand their general language skills and benefit from communicating with people from different fields. They also learn to communicate more effectively in a variety of situations.

    解説

  • 5

    How do business students feel about their study?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Teachers are sometimes a little nervous about the idea of teaching highly ambitious and successful people. However, it's worth remembering that being in a learning situation where they are not in charge can make successful people extremely anxious.

    解説

  • 6

    Where can I find appropriate teaching materials?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Besides the internet and ESL books, business sections of newspapers and professional journals

    解説

  • 7

    What makes a business course different from a general English course?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Business English learners often have very specific aims, -Business English teachers need to know about specific work-related interests, -the courses are often shorter & more intense

    解説

  • 8

    Always start by identifying the aims of the course and of your students to assess if they are _________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • realistic

    解説

  • 9

    A good Business English needs analysis will include questions related to why the students want to learn English, their past experiences, current needs, and what their job is.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A needs analysis questionnaire is normally completed by the students and then discussed with the teacher. In a small group the teacher will address general needs with the group and specific needs with each student.

    解説

  • 10

    part 1: sample needs analysis questions for Business English (see reverse)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Why do you want to learn English? -How long have you been learning? -When do you use English? -Who do you communicate with in English?

    解説

  • 11

    part 2: sample needs analysis questions for Business English (see reverse)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -which communication skill do you find most challenging? -any other aspects of the language which you need to work on? -How much time can you spend learning English? -briefly describe what company specializes in & your job responsibilities

    解説

  • 12

    part 3: sample needs analysis questions for Business English (see reverse)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -what do you enjoy doing in your free time?, -what do you expect to achieve from this course?

    解説

  • 13

    Some things Business English is used for (see reverse)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • negotiations, meetings, phone calls, emails, presentation, reports, and socializing.

    解説

  • 14

    Important skills in Business English (see reverse)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • reading, writing, listening, speaking

    解説

  • 15

    Business English learners are usually ______ motivated and cope well with a challenging learning regime.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • highly

    解説

  • 16

    Most participants in Business English courses are elementary level & above. Some times they are also false beginners, have limited vocabulary, & are unfamiliar with the structure of the English language

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • False Beginner = these learners have usually had some contact with English since their schools years, but feel that they have little command of the language and therefore want to begin 'from the top'. Often these learners will be familiar with grammar concepts and teachers can launch into descriptions of sentence structure and have students follow along reasonably well.

    解説

  • 17

    In Business English courses it is often a good idea to teach small '______' of high frequency language.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • chunks

    解説

  • 18

    An enjoyable aspect of working with business language learners is that they are usually extremely ____________ about improving their language skills.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • enthusiastic

    解説

  • 19

    Common problems that impede a business learner's progress:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - pressure from an employer to reach a high level & criticised for failing to do so very quickly, - job prospects depend on reaching a certain level of English within a specific time

    解説

  • 20

    Common challenges faced by teachers & learners of Business English:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - Senior and junior members of staff may be learning in the same group and not be open sharing their opinions, -when the company pays for the course it can feel like free time and the student goes there for a rest, -student may have problems adapting to a communicative or skills-based approach if they are used to a rules based approach, -huge workload may prevent students from focusing on the course content even when they are able to attend,

    解説

  • 21

    Common challenges faced by teachers & learners of Business English:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -student may have problems adapting to a communicative or skills-based approach if they are used to a rules based approach, -huge workload may prevent students from focusing on the course content even when they are able to attend, -interruptions and demands from work colleagues so the students are unable to concentrate

    解説

  • 22

    It is important to ________ potential reasons for lack of motivation or progress

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • identify

    解説

  • 23

    It is important to choose relevant activities that _________ the advantages of learning English

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • highlight

    解説

  • 24

    ___ students for their suggestions as to how to improve the lessons

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Ask

    解説

  • 25

    Create a pleasant, co-operative learning environment where errors are seen as part of the language learning _______ so that no-one feels uncomfortable participating.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • process

    解説

  • 26

    Use ____ ____ so the students don't have to talk about their own job situation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • role play

    解説

  • 27

    It's _________ to encourage students to communicate both orally & in writing because it's possible to have a high level of grammar & vocabulary but still not be able to communicate very well during a business meeting or on the phone.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • essential

    解説

  • 28

    It may be difficult to switch to a communicative approach if students are used to learning grammar and doing written exercises, but it is__________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • important

    解説

  • 29

    Activities that encourage students to communicate orally:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - video conferencing, - role plays, - asking & answering open ended questions, - giving presentations & taking questions, - class debates

    解説

  • 30

    Being able to express yourself clearly in writing is an essential skill for a business person.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Regularly challenge students to writing activities. Whether the writing is done in class or for homework depends on how long the activity is expected to take and whether students actually have time for homework. One example of a writing activity for a business class is writing a market report.

    解説

  • 31

    Teaching speaking and writing for business English students is the same sequence as for general English students.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Start with controlled tasks, move to semi-controlled practice tasks and finish with production (free practice) tasks.

    解説

  • 32

    Students need to learn how to build business relationships with co-workers, clients and customers. Help them do this by getting them comfortable asking good, open questions.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Such questions are also referred to as "Wh" questions (including those beginning with "How".) Ideas for working with 'wh' questions include providing answers and having students provide the questions, or jumbling up the words in the questions for a 'word order' activity.

    解説

  • 33

    A common task for the practice stage is to create a ________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • dialogue

    解説

  • 34

    One way to work on a dialogue is to use a ___ ____ task.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • gap fill

    解説

  • 35

    For the production stage, ____ ____ is a good activity.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • role play - this allows students to take a specific part, normally given to them on a cue card. As such, you need to have presented any new language the students will need first and given them a chance to use this language in a controlled (practice) situation first.

    解説

  • 36

    Role plays can also form part of another typical business activity - the case study.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Case studies can form the basis of several lessons. There is generally a series of initial information about a company and a specific situation, followed by a series of activities solving a problem or working through a specific situation.

    解説

  • 37

    In a case study, the student should...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - give background info about the company, - write a report explaining a proposed course of action

    解説

  • 38

    Case studies take place at the __________ stage of the lesson.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • production

    解説

  • 39

    A great way for your students to practice language is through the use of _____.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • games, -word matches -word searches -crosswords -hangman

    解説

  • 40

    It's often a good idea to start lessons with a ___ warm-up that reviews assumed knowledge.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • fun

    解説

  • 41

    __________ language refers to using language to do things in the real world: introducing people, making requests, agreeing and disagreeing.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Functional, As functions are immediately applicable in the real world of work, many business English courses have a functional, rather than grammatical, syllabus.

    解説

  • 42

    In functional english lessons, students usually need to learn what people 'usually say'

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • For example: it is very unusual to introduce someone with 'She is...' or to disagree by saying 'I disagree!' This is not the most natural speech.

    解説

  • 43

    Students need to know which formulas are more or less formal, as being appropriate is _______ in business and workplace situations

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • crucial, 'I see your point, but...' is formal and appropriate for a business meeting; 'You've got to be joking!' is not.

    解説

  • 44

    Meeting people, present information, exchanging information, making requests, and describing obligations are common business language _________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • functions, Introducing yourself - "My name's...", Presenting the company - "We specialise in...", Giving an opinion - "I believe...", Making requests - "Could you please?", Describing obligation - "You need to..."

    解説

  • 45

    The PPP model is the most commonly used approach to teach business English functions.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • PPP = Present, Practice, Produce

    解説

  • 46

    As well as using a PPP model to teach functional language, the teacher can also draw attention to functional language whenever it occurs _________ in a listening context.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • naturally

    解説

  • 47

    Functional language almost always occurs in interaction between ___ speakers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • two

    解説

  • 48

    An effective approach to teaching Business English is to use an example of the real thing as the basis for the lesson.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Students:, 1. analyse both the text organisation and language used in the model (presentation), 2. complete a restricted activity to ensure they can produce features of the genre accurately, for example by completing a gapfill, or correcting wrong word choice and paragraphing (practice), 3. write a complete text from scratch (production)

    解説

  • 49

    How does one motivate Business English students to read & develop their reading skills?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - Choose texts (or ask your students to find texts) that are current and relevant to them; use students' real workplace documents. - Before students even see a text, introduce the topic. Use visuals, and have students brainstorm what they know about this topic. - Use authentic tasks as well as texts. Example: design a roleplay where half of the class are salespeople and need to sell items in a catalogue. - let students read them for enjoyment, and share what they read, just like what we would do in real life.

    解説

  • 50

    Many business English students have been demotivated by unsuccessful attempts to understand _________ spoken English. They feel stress at work if they need to understand phone calls and other interactions with English speakers in high-pressure situations, and may have lost face in front of colleagues.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • authentic

    解説

  • 51

    How can we help business English students develop their listening skills, and feel a sense of achievement?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - Provide rich and varied input: social occasions, interviews, workplace tours, television and / or finance news, practice phone calls.

    解説

  • 52

    How can we help business English students develop their listening skills, and feel a sense of achievement?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - Avoid throwing students into a listening text, especially is it is long. Students need preparation before they listen.

    解説

  • 53

    How can we help business English students develop their listening skills, and feel a sense of achievement?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - gradually lead students to understanding details, start w/ main ideas first.

    解説

  • 54

    How can we help business English students develop their listening skills, and feel a sense of achievement?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - Consider detailed comprehension tasks students actually need to do in the workplace, such as fill in a form or take notes. 

    解説

  • 55

    How can we help business English students develop their listening skills, and feel a sense of achievement?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - Encourage students to listen to what interests them and what they enjoy, even if it is not related to their work.

    解説

  • 56

    How can we help business English students develop their listening skills, and feel a sense of achievement?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - Reassure students the choice is theirs

    解説

  • 57

    Visuals make listening __________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • meaningful

    解説

  • 58

    You can prepare yourself to help students expand their __________ by reading the business sections of daily newspapers regularly; this will let you know current business buzz words, and will enable you to become familiar with the sort of language your students may wish to learn.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • vocabulary

    解説

  • 59

    Discuss with learners how they plan to remember new language and encourage them to devise strategies for remembering and producing it.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • This can include monolingual dictionaries, vocabulary lists and role play activities.

    解説

  • 60

    Make sure to include word ____________ in lessons.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • partnerships, Example: "When the meeting ended, no decisions had been reached on key issues." The collocations are 'to reach a decision' and 'key issues'

    解説

  • 61

    In the sentence, "The Board made a lot of empty promises" the collocations are...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 'to make a promise' and 'empty promises'

    解説

  • 62

    In the sentence, "The government policies encouraged a consumer boom followed by a deep recession" the collocations are...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 'a consumer boom', 'a deep recession' and 'encouraged a boom'.

    解説

  • 63

    Another difficulty that students of business English encounter is words that have more than one meaning.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Example: "Please put the book on the table" vs. "Can you display this information in a table, please?"

    解説

  • 64

    A phrasal verb is made up of a main verb plus a particle, for example: 

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Phrasal verbs can cause problems for learners, as their meanings are often impossible to work out from the meaning of their parts.

    解説

  • 65

    When learning new vocabulary, students will need to write down new words, how to pronounce them, and a context in which to use them.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • You should also recycle the vocabulary in class using a variety of tasks, for example gap fill tasks or games.

    解説

  • 66

    A phrasal verb that means "to dismiss" is....

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • lay off, reminder: phrasal verbs are made up of a main verb plus a particle

    解説

  • 67

    A phrasal verb for "to wait" is...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • hold on, reminder: phrasal verbs are made up of a main verb plus a particle

    解説

  • 68

    Business English students often have an immediate real-life need to use English. Teachers spend only a limited amount of time with each learner so they needs to help students take ______________ for their own learning.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • responsibility

    解説

  • 69

    Sometimes Business English students are not used to independent decision making or the contemporary learner-centred classroom. Some may find this method ___________.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • confronting

    解説

  • 70

    In what key areas can we guide business English students to become autonomous?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • - show students the value of having the teacher be a coach who helps each learner develop in their own way rather than rather than someone who disseminates the same knowledge to the whole class, - encourage students to set their own goals, rate their own progress and record it , - encourage the idea of seeking practice opportunities outside of class; can be a work colleague, watching movies in English, etc.

    解説

  • 71

    It is impossible to know everything about every culture but one can still try to identify potential areas of conflict and efficient strategies to address them. Misunderstandings commonly happen over things like...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -time keeping, -expressing opinions, -student / teacher relationship, -honesty, -comfortable distance between 2 people, -styles of dress

    解説

  • 72

    Common business rules to be aware of in Europe are...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -Avoid talking about in-depth politics, money or personal matters. Don't be ostentatious, -good idea to wait to be invited to call someone by their 1st name, -handshake should be quick and with quite a light grip , -at a meal, cultured conversation is usually as important as the food itself, -Be on time. In the UK this will normally mean arriving a few minutes before a meeting. If you are late it is important to apologise

    解説

  • 73

    Good judgement and ____ are particularly important in business English classes, so as to avoid awkwardness or embarrassment.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • tact

    解説

  • 74

    In many countries it's ________ you would ever ask someone "How much do you earn?" However, in a job interview the interviewer is likely to ask you what your current salary is and what you are hoping to make in a new job.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • unlikely

    解説

  • 75

    When planning your lessons, remember that business English lesson plans must be goal-oriented, so start by identifying the _________ of the lesson.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • objective

    解説

  • 76

    A good lesson should always evoke a ___ to all of the following:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • yes

    解説

  • 77

    1) Does the target language help to meet the objective?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The lesson's structure should be logical and there should be a variety of interaction & activities. The teacher should talk more during the presentation stage & less in the practice and production stages.

    解説

  • 78

    2) Does the sequence of the lesson meet the objective?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The lesson's structure should be logical and there should be a variety of interaction & activities. The teacher should talk more during the presentation stage & less in the practice and production stages.

    解説

  • 79

    3) Do the students get support at the practice stage?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The lesson's structure should be logical and there should be a variety of interaction & activities. The teacher should talk more during the presentation stage & less in the practice and production stages.

    解説

  • 80

    4) Does the plan start with a fun warm-up?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The lesson's structure should be logical and there should be a variety of interaction & activities. The teacher should talk more during the presentation stage & less in the practice and production stages.

    解説

  • 81

    Surveys of Business English students suggest they __ ___ want their English teacher to cross over into teaching about the subject matter.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • do not, It is ok if the teacher does not know as much about business as the students who are the real experts. Mostly the teacher just needs tp make an effort to find out what sort of language the students need to work / study.

    解説

  • 82

    Challenge students to _______ what they do, and what the words they use mean. The teacher never need feel they must 'explain' the meaning of a business term like GDP; the class can tell the teacher.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • explain

    解説

  • 83

    It is a good idea to supplement a Business English course with _________ materials & activities but students generally like a coursebook. It makes the course feel organised and with clear aims.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • authentic

    解説

  • 84

    What do business English students want to learn?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • This can differ from student to student.

    解説

  • 85

    What is true about business English students in comparison with general English students?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Business students are generally more likely to miss classes for reasons beyond their control.

    解説

  • 86

    What is an open question?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A question beginning with 'What', 'Where', 'How' or another question word.

    解説

  • 87

    Why is it a good idea to give students a model dialogue with some lines missing and ask them to complete the missing sentences in pairs?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • It's a useful controlled practice activity which could prepare students for a communicative production activity.

    解説

  • 88

    Consider the sentence "The company started to show a profit in its first year". Which of the following is a collocation?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to show a profit

    解説

  • 89

    "They could no longer put up with the managers' hiring policy." The phrasal verb in this sentence is...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • put up

    解説

  • 90

    Read as much as you can about different cultures and ________ potential problems in your class as early as possible.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • identify

    解説

  • 91

    In a good business lesson plan, there should always be...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a business related context

    解説

  • 92

    What is the ideal ratio of STT to TTT in a Business English class?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • There should be more STT than TTT.

    解説

  • 93

    What do students need to look at when they analyse a model of a written business genre?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the organization and language

    解説

  • 94

    How can a teacher effectively introduce a text on a business topic?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Have students discuss the topic first.

    解説

  • 95

    Students can develop listening skills by...

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • finding listening opportunities outside of class.

    解説

  • 96

    Which situation might be more difficult for business English students than general English students?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a) doing role plays in front of the class

    解説

  • 97

    Which situation might be more difficult for business English students than general English students?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • b) writing dialogues together

    解説

  • 98

    What do most students not want their Business English teacher to do?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • teach them business concepts

    解説

56892

セットの学習コンテンツ

公開初月で
60,000
ダウン
ロード!

無料アプリはこちら!

英単語をウェブサイト
からzuknowに簡単登録

覚えたい単語を選択するだけ!
簡単にzuknowに登録することが
できます

Get the free Chrome Extension

トップ