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AP Biology Review - Ecology part 4

カード 38枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • Biochemical cycles

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  • カード表 : 英語
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  • 1

    Biochemical cycles

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cycle that desribes the flow of essential elements from the environment to living things and back to the environment.

    解説

  • 2

    Carbon Cycle (required for building organic compounds):Reservoirs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Of the Carbon Cycle, the atmosphere (CO2), fossil fuels (coal), durable organic material.

    解説

  • 3

    Marine Biomes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Includes estuaries, intertidal zones (where oceans meet land), continental shelves (shallow oceans that border continents), coral reefs, and the deep (pelagic) oceans.

    解説

  • 4

    Savannas

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Biome characterized by grasslands with scattered trees. Subject to high temp. but receive much less water.

    解説

  • 5

    Global Climate Change

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The burning of fossil fuels and forests increases CO2 in the atmosphere. As a result, global temp are rising. Warmer temp could raise sea levels and decrease agriculture output.

    解説

  • 6

    Hydrologic Cycle (water cycle): Release

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Of the Hydrologic Cycle, plants transpire, animals and plants decompose.

    解説

  • 7

    Nitrogen cycle (required for making amino + nucleic acids): Assimilation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Of the Nitrogen Cycle, Plants absorb nitrogen either as NO3- or as NH3+, animals obtain nitrogen by eating plants or other animals

    解説

  • 8

    Phosphorus cycle (required for making ATP and nucleic acids): Assimilation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Of the Phosphorous Cycle, Plants absorb inorganic phosphate from soils, animals obtain organic phosphorus when they eat plants/other animals

    解説

  • 9

    Phosphorus cycle (required for making ATP and nucleic acids): Reservoirs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Of the Phosphorous Cycle, Rocks and ocean sediments (erosion transfers phosphorus to water and soil)

    解説

  • 10

    Biological Magnification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Process where one organism eats another, and a toxin becomes more and more concentrated

    解説

  • 11

    Tundras

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Biome that's subject to winters so cold that the ground freezes. In the summer, the upper soil thaws ans supports growth of grasses, sedges, and other soggy-soil plants

    解説

  • 12

    Eutrophication

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Process of nutrient enrichment in lakes and the subsequent increase in biomass

    解説

  • 13

    Nitrogen cycle (required for making amino + nucleic acids): Release

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Of the Nitrogen Cycle, Denitrifying bacteria convert NO3- back to N2 (denitrification); detrivorous bacteria convert organic compounds back to NH4+ (ammonification); animals excrete NH4+, urea, or uric acid

    解説

  • 14

    Desertification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Occurs when overgrazing of grasslands that border deserts transform the grasslands into deserts.

    解説

  • 15

    Reduction in species diversity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • as a result of human activities, especially the destruction of tropical rain forests and other habitats, plants and animals are apparently becoming extinct at a faster rate than the planet has ever previously experienced. I they were to survive, many of the disappearing plants could become useful to humans as medicines, foods, or industrial products.

    解説

  • 16

    Hydrologic Cycle (water cycle): Assimilation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Of the Hydrologic Cycle, Plants absorb water from the soil, animals drink water or eat other organisms (which are mostly water

    解説

  • 17

    Epiphytes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Plants that live commensally on other plants, mostly grow on the forest flow due to lack of light.

    解説

  • 18

    Fresh Water biomes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Includes ponds, lakes, streams, and rivers

    解説

  • 19

    Biomes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Divided regions of the biosphere that exhibits common environmental characteristics; is occupied by unique communities or ecosystems of plants and animals.

    解説

  • 20

    Permafrost

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Deeper soil of tundras that remain permanently frozen

    解説

  • 21

    Pollution

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Air pollution, water pollution, and land pollution contaminate the materials essential to life.

    解説

  • 22

    Carbon Cycle (required for building organic compounds):Assimilation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Of the Carbon Cycle, Plants use CO2 in photosynthesisl animals consume plants or other animals

    解説

  • 23

    Nitrification

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • NH4+ to NO2- by various nitrifying bacteria.

    解説

  • 24

    Phosphorus cycle (required for making ATP and nucleic acids): Release

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Of the Phosphorous Cycle, Plants and animals release phosphorus when they decompose; animals excrete phosphorus in their waste products.

    解説

  • 25

    Temperate deciduous forest

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Biome that occupies regions that have warm summers, cold winters, and moderate preciptitation. Shed leaves during the winter.

    解説

  • 26

    Deforestation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Clear-cutting of forests that cause erosion, flooding, and changes in weather patterns.

    解説

  • 27

    Ozone holes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Areas of major ozone thinning; appears regularly over Antarctica, the Arctic, and northern Eurasia

    解説

  • 28

    Ozone depletion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The ozone layer forms in the upper atmosphere when UV radiation reacts with oxygen to form ozone. The ozone absorbs UV radiation. When broken down, causes ozone holes.

    解説

  • 29

    Algal Blooms

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Massive growths of algae and other phytoplankton that are stimulated by abundant nutrients, especially phosphates.

    解説

  • 30

    Deserts

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Biome that is hot and dry, growth of annual plants is limited to short periods following rains. most animals have thick skins to conserve water.

    解説

  • 31

    Nitrogen Fixation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • N2 to NH3+ by nitrogen fixing prokaryotes in soil and root nodules

    解説

  • 32

    Carbon Cycle (required for building organic compounds):Release

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Of the Carbon Cycle, Plants and animals release CO2 through respiration and decomposition CO2 is released when organic material [wood/coal] is burned

    解説

  • 33

    Taigas

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Biome that is characterized by coniferous (pines, firs, and other trees with needles for leaves).Winters are cold and snowy

    解説

  • 34

    Temperate grasslands

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Biome that receives less water and is subject to lower temp. than savannas.

    解説

  • 35

    Hydrologic Cycle (water cycle): Reservoir

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Of the Hydrologic Cycle, [oceans, air, groundwater, glaciers] includes evaporation and precipitation of water from oceans going to land

    解説

  • 36

    Tropical rain forest

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Biome characterized by high temp. and heavy rainfall. Consists of mostly tall trees that branch at the top and form canopies that shadow the forest floor.

    解説

  • 37

    Nitrogen cycle (required for making amino + nucleic acids): Reservoirs

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Of the Nitrogen Cycle, Atmosphere (N2) soil (NH4+ ammonium)

    解説

  • 38

    Acid Rain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Caused by the burning of fossil fuels and other air pollutants containing sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide. React with water vapor, making acid, and return to surface of earth with rain/snow. Kills plants and animals on land, lakes, and rivers.

    解説

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