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AP Biology Review - Ecology part 3

カード 17枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • Ecological Succession

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Ecological Succession

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The change in the composition of species over time

    解説

  • 2

    Detritivores

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Consumers that obtain energy by consuming dead plants and animals.

    解説

  • 3

    Pioneer Species

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Plants and animals that are first to colonize a newly exposed habitat. [Opportunistic, r-selected species that have good dispersal capability]

    解説

  • 4

    Trophic Levels

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Organization of plants and animals in order to examine the production and utilization of energy

    解説

  • 5

    Secondary Consumers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Primary Carnivores [eat the primary consumers]

    解説

  • 6

    Secondary Succession

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Type of Succession that occurs where communities were entirely or partially destroyed by some kind of damaging event [IE floods or fire]

    解説

  • 7

    Primary Consumers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Herbivores, [eat the primary producers]

    解説

  • 8

    Tertiary Consumers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Secondary Carnivores [eat the secondary consumers]

    解説

  • 9

    Climax Community

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Final successional stage of constant species composition [destroyed only by catastrophic events]

    解説

  • 10

    Primary Producers

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Autotrophs that convert sun energy into chemical energy [IE plants or cyanobacteria]

    解説

  • 11

    Decomposer

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Smallest detritivores [Fungi or Bacteria]

    解説

  • 12

    Ecological Efficiency

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Describes the proportion of energy represented at one trophic level that is transferred to the next level. [how much energy moves from one organism to another]

    解説

  • 13

    Food web

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Expanded, more complete version of a food chain that shows all of the major plants in the ecosystem, the various animals that eat them, and the animals that eat other animals.

    解説

  • 14

    Ecological Pyramids

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Illustrations used to show the relationship between trophic levels.

    解説

  • 15

    Food chain

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Linear flow chart of who eats whom. [grass->zebra->lion->vulture]

    解説

  • 16

    Ecological Succession may occur as a result of

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Substrate Texture, Soil pH, Soil Water Potential, Light Availability, and Crowding.

    解説

  • 17

    Primary Succession

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Type of Succession that occurs on substrates that never previously supported living things. [IE volcanic islands or glaciers]

    解説

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