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Canterbury Tales Prologue

カード 30枚 作成者: Danny (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • Narrator

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Narrator

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • He writes down his impressions of the pilgrims from memory.He presents himself as a gregarious and naïve character. The Host accuses him of being silent and sullen.

    解説

  • 2

    The Plowman

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The Parson's brother - a good-hearted man , member of the peasant class, who pays his tithes to the Church and leads a good Christian life.

    解説

  • 3

    The Second Nun

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • She is not described in the General Prologue. She tells a saint's life for her tale.

    解説

  • 4

    22. - 26. The Guildsmen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • English guilds were a combination of labor unions and social fraternities: Craftsmen of similar occupations joined together to increase their bargaining power and live communally. All five Guildsmen are clad in the livery of their brotherhood.

    解説

  • 5

    The Pardoner

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • His long, greasy, yellow hair and his beardless face is associated with shiftiness and gender ambiguity in Chaucer's time He has a gift for singing and preaching whenever he finds himself inside a church.

    解説

  • 6

    The Host

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • possesses a quick temper. He mediates and facilitates the flow of the pilgrims' tales. His title of "host" may be a pun, suggesting both an innkeeper and the Eucharist, or Holy Host.

    解説

  • 7

    The Host

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The leader of the group. He is large, loud, and merry 

    解説

  • 8

    The Parson

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The only devout churchman in the company. He lives in poverty, but he is rich in holy thoughts and deeds. As the pastor of a sizable town, he preaches the Gospel and practices what he preaches. He's everything that the Monk, the Friar, and the Pardoner aren't.

    解説

  • 9

    The Knight

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • He participated in at least15 of the great crusades of his era. He was brave, experienced, and prudent. The narrator greatly admires him.

    解説

  • 10

    The Monk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • He gives in to corporeal (material, not spiritual) pleasures. Most monks of the Middle Ages lived in monasteries according to the Rule of Saint Benedict, which demanded that they devote their lives to "work and prayer." His devotion is to hunting and eating. He is large, loud, and well clad in hunting boots and furs.

    解説

  • 11

    The Miller

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • He is stout and brawny, with a wart on his nose and a big mouth, both literally and figuratively.He drunkenly insists on telling the second tale. He ruins the Host's carefully planned storytelling order, rips doors off hinges, tells a tale that is somewhat blasphemous, and ridicules religious and scholarly clerks, carpenters, and women.

    解説

  • 12

    The Prioress

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A nun who heads a convent. She is modest and quiet, aspires to have exquisite taste, and her table manners are dainty. She knows French (though not the French of the court), dresses well, and is charitable and compassionate.

    解説

  • 13

    The Shipman

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A well-traveled and well-tanned veteran sailor, who has seen every bay and river in England, as well as exotic ports in Spain and Carthage. He is known for stealing wine while the ship's captain sleeps.

    解説

  • 14

    The Merchant

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • He Trades furs and cloth, mostly from Flanders, and is part of a powerful and wealthy class in Chaucer's society.

    解説

  • 15

    The Clerk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A poor student of philosophy, who has spent his money on books and learning. His clothes are threadbare and wan. He speaks little, but his words are wise and full of moral virtue.

    解説

  • 16

    The Friar

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An example of the unscrupulous (unprincipled) friars of Chaucer's time. A roaming priest with no ties to a monastery, who befriends young women or rich men who might need his services. He actively administers the sacraments in his town, especially those of marriage and confession, and he accepts bribes.

    解説

  • 17

    The Pardoner

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • He granted papal indulgences—reprieves from penance in exchange for charitable donations to the Church. He also collected profits for himself, excels in fraud, and carries a bag full of fake relics. He claims to have the veil of the Virgin Mary. 

    解説

  • 18

    The Summoner

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • An official who brings people accused of violating Church law to ecclesiastical court. He is lecherous (indulges in sexual activity). His face is scarred by leprosy. He gets drunk frequently, is irritable, and is not particularly qualified for his position. Occassionally he spouts the few words of Latin he knows in an attempt to sound educated.

    解説

  • 19

    The Cook

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • He cooked for the Guildsmen and has a crusty sore on his leg.

    解説

  • 20

    The Wife of Bath

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A seamstress by occupation, who was an "expert on marriage," because she was married five times and had many other affairs in her youth. She takes pleasure in rich attire, talking, and arguing. She is deaf in one ear and has a gap between her front teeth. She has traveled on pilgrimages to Jerusalem three times and elsewhere in Europe as well. Bath is the English town where she lives on the Avon River, not the name of this woman's husband.

    解説

  • 21

    The Reeve

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • He is a shrewd steward of a manor. His lord never loses so much as a ram to the other employees. The vassals under his command are kept in line; however, he steals from his master.

    解説

  • 22

    The Man of Law

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A successful lawyer commissioned by the king. He upholds justice in matters large and small, and knows every statute of England's law by heart.

    解説

  • 23

    The Manciple

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A clever man put in charge of getting provisions for a college or court. He lacks a formal education, but is smarter than the 30 lawyers he feeds.

    解説

  • 24

    The Nun's Priest

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • He is also not described in the General Prologue.His story of Chanticleer, however, is well crafted and suggests that he is a witty, self-effacing preacher.

    解説

  • 25

    The Franklin

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A man of leisure, a "free man who is neither a vassal serving a lord nor a member of the nobility. He is a connoisseur of food and wine—so much so that his table remains laid and ready for food all day.

    解説

  • 26

    The Yeoman

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • He accompanies the Knight and the Squire. His dress and weapons suggest that he may be a forester.

    解説

  • 27

    The Knight

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The first pilgrim in the General Prologue, who tells the first tale. He represents the ideal of a medieval Christian man-at-arms. 

    解説

  • 28

    The Physician

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • He is expert in diagnosing the causes and finding cures for most maladies. He keeps himself in perfect physical health. the narrator questions the Physician's spiritual health, because he rarely consults the Bible. He also has an unhealthy love of financial gain.

    解説

  • 29

    22. - 26. The Guildsmen

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 22) The hatmaker, 23) the carpenter, 24) the weaver, 25) the clothing dyer, and a 26) the tapestry maker appear as a unit. 

    解説

  • 30

    The Squire

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The Knight's son and apprentice, who is curly-haired, youthfully handsome, and loves dancing and courting.

    解説

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