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biology Chap. 4

カード 43枚 作成者: Kelsey4martin (作成日: 2014/09/18)

  • what are the 2 organelles that are energy related, where are the found?

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  • 1

    what are the 2 organelles that are energy related, where are the found?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Chloroplasts-plant cells mitochondria-plant and animal cells

    解説

  • 2

    how many chromosomes do bacteria have?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one

    解説

  • 3

    cytoplasm?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A)semi fluid solution B) metabolic reactions C) 70-80% water

    解説

  • 4

    where is chlorophyll found in chloroplast?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • granna

    解説

  • 5

    structure and function of chloroplasts?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • double membrane convert solar energy

    解説

  • 6

    What is the function of the endomembranous?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • synthesis and transport of molecules

    解説

  • 7

    What is peroxisome? what is the vacuole?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A) specialized vesicles, cell specific B) Membranous, stores substances

    解説

  • 8

    What is... Granum, thylakoids, stroma? what's found here?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a)composed of stacks of thylakoids which contain the pigment chlorophyll B) membrane containing chlorophyll C) fluid filled space around granna D) photosynthesis

    解説

  • 9

    what is mitochondria and what's its function?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • double membrane organelle with gel filled inner space can reproduce themselves

    解説

  • 10

    Cristae? Matrix?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A) inner folds of membrane ATP production B) gel filled space, produces DNA and Ribosomes

    解説

  • 11

    Endosymbiont Theory?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Explanation of the evolution of Eukaryotic organelles by photosynthesis.

    解説

  • 12

    Cytoskeleton and it's purpose?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Internal skeleton that gives cells.. A) internal organization B) shape C) ability to move

    解説

  • 13

    3 protein elements of cytoskeleton? What do they do?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A) Micro filaments- enables cells to change shape and move B)Intermediate Filaments- provide internal structure C) Microtubules- anchor organelles and tracks for organelle movement.

    解説

  • 14

    What structures are found in plant cells and NOT in animal cells?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A) Chloroplasts B) Central Vacuole C) Cell Wall

    解説

  • 15

    Cell features that Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells have in common?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cytoplasm, DNA, Plasma Membrane, Ribosomes

    解説

  • 16

    What is glycolysis?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The mass of glycopolymers that lie on exterior surface walls.

    解説

  • 17

    3 shapes of prokaryotic cells?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A) Coccus- spherical B) Bacillus- rod C) Spirillum- spiral

    解説

  • 18

    what makes up the cell envelope of a prokaryotic cell?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a) plasma membrane b) cell wall c) glycocalyx

    解説

  • 19

    What are fungi cell walls made of?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Chitin

    解説

  • 20

    What are plant cell walls made of?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Cellulose

    解説

  • 21

    what structure is found in animal cells and NOT in plants?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Centriole

    解説

  • 22

    how are the structures of chloroplasts and mitochondria the same/different?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Both have DNA and Cell division M= plant and animal cells C= Just plant cells

    解説

  • 23

    Describe Nuclear Envelope

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Separates Nucleus from rest of the cell.

    解説

  • 24

    what are the disadvantages of each microscope?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Light- low resolution Electron- dead specimen

    解説

  • 25

    2 types of microscopes?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • light and electron

    解説

  • 26

    What organisms are Eukaryotic?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ALL but bacteria

    解説

  • 27

    What is the nucleoid?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Region of the prokaryotic cells where DNA is located

    解説

  • 28

    what is a prokaryotic cell?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • No membrane bound structures

    解説

  • 29

    Function of the Plasma Membrane?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Separates Contents Regulates Passages

    解説

  • 30

    What are the advantages of each microscope?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Light- Use Alive Specimen Electron- Better Resolution

    解説

  • 31

    Magnification range of each microscope?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Light- 0.2um to 1mm Electron- 2nm to 100um

    解説

  • 32

    How do prokaryotic cells differ from Eukaryotic cells?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • P= No nucleus 1-10 um E= has nucleus 1-100 um

    解説

  • 33

    Who were cell pioneers?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Schleiden- plants composed of cells Schwann- animals composed of cells C) cells come from pre existing cells

    解説

  • 34

    What is cell theory?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A) Cell= fundamental unit of life B) living things composed of cells C) cells come from pre-existing cells

    解説

  • 35

    2 reasons cells are small?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A) Nucleus= Control center B) Surface area to volume ratio

    解説

  • 36

    What is the Nucleolus?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Dark region inside of nucleus produces RNA subunits

    解説

  • 37

    What are thylakoids?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • membrane that contains chlorophyll

    解説

  • 38

    what is Chromatin and chromosone?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A) contains DNA and Protein non dividing cell B) contains chromatin dividing cell

    解説

  • 39

    what is the nucleus and it's functions?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Nucleus=Control Center a)cellular reproduction b) stores genetic material c) control structure and function of cells

    解説

  • 40

    where are ribosomes found in eukaryotic cells?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • free in cytoplasm

    解説

  • 41

    Ribosomes?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • protein synthesis

    解説

  • 42

    Appendages on prokaryotic cells?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Flagella-motility fimbriae-adhesion sex pili- DNA transfer

    解説

  • 43

    what is a cell?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A)smallest unit of life B) most are microscopic C) all characteristics of living things

    解説

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