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APPROACHES TO HEALTH POLICY

カード 28枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • Define PUBLIC POLICY.

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Define PUBLIC POLICY.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • FORMAL DECISIONS made by public bodies - the OUTPUTS of government

    解説

  • 2

    What is HEALTH POLICY?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. A COMPLEX NETWORK of continuing interactions between ACTORS who use structures and argumentation to articulate their IDEAS about HEALTH.

    解説

  • 3

    What is HEALTH POLICY?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2. The courses of action that affect that set of institutions, organisations, services and funding arrangements that we have called the health care system

    解説

  • 4

    What are the types of policies?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Distributive, -Concession of cards, -More focus to the target group

    解説

  • 5

    What are the types of policies?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2. Regulatory, -Restriction by government, -Alcohol age restriction, -Examples of incentives : immunisations, -Examples of legislatives : wearing seatbelt, cigarettes tax

    解説

  • 6

    What are the types of policies?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3. Self-regulatory, -By the non-government

    解説

  • 7

    What are the types of policies?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4. Redistributive, -The effort of government , '-In renewing income, -Very hard policy to implement, -Medicare is one of the example, -To ensure everyone can get the benefits

    解説

  • 8

    Who are involved in health policy and what are their interests?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Government actors (health ministers, advisors, public servants etc), -to keep all the citizen happy, 2. Health service providers (doctors, physicians, nurse etc), -profit for private business, -preserving their incomes, 3. The public (interest group, societal actors etc), -free or cheap health fee

    解説

  • 9

    How is health policy made?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Many theories and models to explain the process :, 1. Rational-comprehensive models, -Incrementalism, -Mixed screening, 2. Evidence-based health policies, 3. Easton's "black box" system model

    解説

  • 10

    What are the steps of Rational-comprehensive Model?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Problem Identification, 2. Setting objectives and criteria, 3. Developing policy alternatives, 4. Analysing and identifying expected impact of the various alternatives, 5. Ranking alternatives according to established criteria and choosing the best policy alternative

    解説

  • 11

    What is Incrementalism?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Is a method of working by adding to a project using many small (often unplanned), incremental changes instead of a few (extensively planned) large jumps.

    解説

  • 12

    Describe the Easton's Black Box Systems Model.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Please refer slide.

    解説

  • 13

    What is POLICY STUDIES?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Knowledge of policy and the policy process

    解説

  • 14

    What is POLICY ANALYSIS?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A range of techniques and tools to study the characteristics of established policies, how the policies come to be and what their consequences are 

    解説

  • 15

    What are the models of policy analysis?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Many different methods (influence of analysts' discipline, work environment), 1. Walt and Gilson's Model, 2. The Australian Policy Cycle

    解説

  • 16

    Describe the Walt and Gilson's Model Involves:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. PROCESS, -of policy making

    解説

  • 17

    Describe the Walt and Gilson's Model Involves:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2. CONTENT, -including governance, political, situational, structural, cultural and environmental influences

    解説

  • 18

    Describe the Walt and Gilson's Model Involves:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3. CONTEXT, -of policy

    解説

  • 19

    Describe the Walt and Gilson's Model Involves:

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4. ACTORS, -Individuals or groups who have influence in the policy, process (e.g. government, health service bureaucrats, interest groups and societal actors)

    解説

  • 20

    Describe the Australian Policy Cycle.

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Coordination --> Decision --> Implementation --> Evaluation --> Identify Issues --> Policy Analysis --> Policy Instruments --> Consultation (it's a cycle)

    解説

  • 21

    What are the Collins' 8 step policy analysis tool?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 1. Define the context

    解説

  • 22

    What are the Collins' 8 step policy analysis tool?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 2. State the problem 

    解説

  • 23

    What are the Collins' 8 step policy analysis tool?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 3. Search for evidence

    解説

  • 24

    What are the Collins' 8 step policy analysis tool?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4. Consider different policy options

    解説

  • 25

    What are the Collins' 8 step policy analysis tool?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 5. Project the outcomes

    解説

  • 26

    What are the Collins' 8 step policy analysis tool?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 6. Apply evaluation criteria 

    解説

  • 27

    What are the Collins' 8 step policy analysis tool?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 7. Weigh the outcomes

    解説

  • 28

    What are the Collins' 8 step policy analysis tool?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 8. Make the decision

    解説

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