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Health Assessment Exam

カード 22枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • define health assessment

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    define health assessment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a systematic method for collecting data about a client for the purpose of determining the client's current and ongoing health status, predicting risks to health, and identifying health promotion activities

    解説

  • 2

    what is the nurse diagnosis?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • when the nurse uses critical thinking and applies knowledge from the sciences and other disciplines to analyze and synthesize the data. the data is clustered (grouped) together and the nurse can make judgements for the basis of planning and implementing nursing care. (step 2 of nursing process)

    解説

  • 3

    primary prevention

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • steps or activities done to promote and improve overall health. ex: education about diet, exercise, accident prevention. IMMUNIZATIONS. assessment of risks for injury or illness. THIS PERSON IS HEALTHY

    解説

  • 4

    what are the steps to the nursing process?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • ADPIE-assessment, diagnosis (problem), planning, implementation, and evaluation.

    解説

  • 5

    health promotion related to nursing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • nurses must realize that each patient will have a personal definition of health, illness and wellness. nurses practice holistic care (care of the person as a whole) physiologic, psychologic, emotional, environmental, and spiritual.

    解説

  • 6

    topics of healthy people 2020

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • physical activity, nutrition, tobacco use, alcohol and substance abuse, sexual and reproductive health, mental health, injury and violence prevention, occupational safty and health, oral health, emerging issues, and preventative services. -nutrition and metabolism: diet, fluid intake, how many meals a day, what did they eat over the last 3 days

    解説

  • 7

    informal teaching

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • occurs as natural part of nurse/client interaction. ex: providing instructions, explaining a question or procedure, reducing anxiety.

    解説

  • 8

    what are the models of health

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 4 models of health. , ecologic model: examines interaction of agent, host, and environment >health present when all 3 variables are in harmony., clinical model: absence of disease or injury. aim of care>relieve signs and symptoms of disease, relieve pain, eliminate malfuntion of physiologic symptoms, eudaemonistic model: actualization of a person's potential, health promotion model: actualization of inherant and aquired human potential through goal-directed behavior, competant self care, and satifying relationships. maintaining harmony.

    解説

  • 9

    evaluation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • step 5 in the nursing process. nurse compares the client's status to the goals or outcomes stated in care plan. modify care plan if needed, then reevaluate.

    解説

  • 10

    secondary prevention

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • early identification or diagnosis of health problems or illness. health screening, diagnostic procedures, regimens for treatment of illness. ex: mammagrams (family history of breast cancer) THIS PERSON IS ILL OR HAS FAMILY HISTORY OF DISEASE. RISK KNOWN.

    解説

  • 11

    goal of healthy people 2020

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • 10 year plan to eliminate preventable disease, disability, injury and premature death.

    解説

  • 12

    list and describe the 11 functional health patters

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • -health perception and patters: client's definition of health and activities to promote health

    解説

  • 13

    planning

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • step 3 in nursing process. sets priorities, client goals and outcomes. selects nursing interventions and strategies. include client input when possible (involve client in care). consult with family and other healthcare providers. may involve teaching.

    解説

  • 14

    what are the 3 levels of prevention

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • primary, secondary, tertiary

    解説

  • 15

    how are the steps of the nursing process interactive

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the nursing process can be used in any setting, with clients of all ages, and in all levels of health. client centered. can apply process to an individual, family, community or population. after each step the nurse will always assess the client (change in status, reevaluation)

    解説

  • 16

    formal teaching

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • occurs in response to an identified learning need of the client or individual, group, or community. Six components: learning need (lack of knowledge or risk), the goal (broad statement of expected outcomes), objectives (expectations, time frames, action verbs), content (steps and actions), teaching methods (channel or avenue of HOW to present content), evaluation (was goal obtained, did client follow plan, examine alternatives)

    解説

  • 17

    tertiary prevention

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • to restore individual to highest possible level of health and functioning. rehabillitation is the focus. teach client and family interventions to improve coping with chronic illness. prevention of reoccurance of problems or symptomes. ex: education to reduce complications of the disease or a referal to a rehab facility or services. THIS PERSON IS SICK. THINK HOSPITAL PATIENT.

    解説

  • 18

    implementation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • step 4 in nursing process. putting care plan into action.document implemented actions! client's response to care.

    解説

  • 19

    what are the components of the health assessment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • interview, health history, focused interview, physical assessment, documentation

    解説

  • 20

    define assessment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the collection, organization, and validation of subjective and objective data. from the moment the nurse meets the client and begins to gather information. forms the database (step 1 of the nursing process)

    解説

  • 21

    what factors are considered in the health assessment?

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the data obtained includes physical, social, cultural, environmental, and emotional aspects that impact the overall wellbeing of the client

    解説

  • 22

    elements of a teaching plan

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • two types of teaching strategies: informal and formal teaching. teaching is important intervention. based on client's knowledge deficit, need for education, identified risks, and the client's readiness to learn or enhance health. Teaching plans are usually FORMAL.

    解説

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