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Health : Accessing Your Health

カード 27枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • Mortality

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公開範囲:

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Mortality

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The proportion of deaths to population

    解説

  • 2

    Locus of control

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The location, external (outside oneself) or internal (within oneself), that an individual perceives as the source and underlying cause of events in his or her life

    解説

  • 3

    Social Cognitive Model

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Model of behavior change emphasizing the role of social factors and thought processes (cognition) in behavior change

    解説

  • 4

    Determinants of health

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The array of critical influences that determine the health of individuals and communities

    解説

  • 5

    Healthy life expectancy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Expected number of years of full health remaining at a given age, such as at birth

    解説

  • 6

    Ecological or public health model

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A view of health in which diseases and other negative health events are seen as a result of an individual's interaction with his or her social and physical environment

    解説

  • 7

    Wellness

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The achievement of the highest level of health possible in each of several dimensions

    解説

  • 8

    Health disparities

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Differences in the incidence, prevalence, mortality, and burden of diseases and other health conditions among specific population groups

    解説

  • 9

    Risk behaviors

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Actions that increase susceptibility to negative health outcomes

    解説

  • 10

    Disease prevention

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Actions or behaviors designed to keep people from getting sick

    解説

  • 11

    Modeling

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Learning specific behaviors by watching others perform them

    解説

  • 12

    Positive reinforcement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Presenting something positive following a behavior that is being reinforced

    解説

  • 13

    Health

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The ever-changing process of achieving individual potential in the physical, social, emotional, mental, spiritual, and environmental dimensions

    解説

  • 14

    Belief

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Appraisal of the relationship between some object, action, or idea and some attribute of that object, action, or idea

    解説

  • 15

    Situational inducement

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Attempt to influence a behavior through situations and occasions that are structured to exert control over that behavior

    解説

  • 16

    Self-talk

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The customary manner of thinking and talking to yourself, which can affect your self-image

    解説

  • 17

    Life expectancy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Expected number of years of life remaining at a given age, such as at birth

    解説

  • 18

    Chronic disease

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A disease that typically begins slowly, progresses, and persists, with a variety of signs and symptoms that can be treated but not cured by medication

    解説

  • 19

    Motivation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A social, cognitive, and emotional force that directs human behavior

    解説

  • 20

    Transtheoretical Model

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Model of behavior change that identifies six distinct stages people go through in altering behavior patterns; also called the stages of change model

    解説

  • 21

    Self-efficacy

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Belief in one's ability to perform a task successfully

    解説

  • 22

    Health promotion

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The combined educational, organizational, procedural, environmental, social, and financial supports that help individuals and groups reduce negative health behaviors and promote positive change

    解説

  • 23

    Shaping

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Using a series of small steps to gradually achieve a particular goal

    解説

  • 24

    Countering

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Substituting a desired behavior for an undesirable one

    解説

  • 25

    Medical model

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A view of health in which health status focuses primarily on the individual and a biological or diseased organ perspective

    解説

  • 26

    Health Belief Model (HBM)

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Model for explaining how beliefs may influence behaviors

    解説

  • 27

    Imagined rehearsal

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Practicing, through mental imagery, to become better able to perform an event in actuality

    解説

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