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AP Pysch Vocab Test

カード 30枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • Hindsight Bias

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  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    Hindsight Bias

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have forseen it.

    解説

  • 2

    Tolerance

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug, requiring the user to take larger and larger doses before experiencing the drug's effect.

    解説

  • 3

    Random Assignment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Assigning partcipants to experimental and control conditions by chance, thus minimizing pre-existing differences between those assigned to the different groups.

    解説

  • 4

    Illusory Correlation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The perception of a relationship where none exists.

    解説

  • 5

    Dualism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The presumption that mind and body are two distinct entities that interact.

    解説

  • 6

    Circadian Rhythmn

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The biological clock; regular bodily rhythms.

    解説

  • 7

    Delta Waves

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The large, slow brain waves associated with deep sleep.

    解説

  • 8

    Dissosciation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A split in consciousness, which allows some thoughts and behaviors to occur simultaneously with others.

    解説

  • 9

    REM Sleep

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly occur; also known as paradoxical sleep.

    解説

  • 10

    Thalamus

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the brain's sensory switchboard, directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex

    解説

  • 11

    Axon

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fibers, through which messags pass to other neurons or to muscles or glands.

    解説

  • 12

    Random Sample

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of inclusion.

    解説

  • 13

    Operational Definition

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A statement of the procedures (operations) used to define research variables. For example, human intelligence may be operationally defined as what an intelligent test measures.

    解説

  • 14

    Glial Cells

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • cells that support, nourish, and protect neurons

    解説

  • 15

    Pituitary Gland

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the endocrine system's most influential gland. under the influence of the hypothalamus, it regulates growth and controls other endocrine glands

    解説

  • 16

    Myelin Sheath

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A layer of fatty, tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of many neurons; enables vastly greater transmission speed of neural impulses as the impulse hops from one node to the next.

    解説

  • 17

    Correlation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A measure of the extent to which two factors vary together, and thus of how well either factor predicts the other. The correlation coefficient is the mathematical expression of the relationship, ranging from -1 to +1.

    解説

  • 18

    Dependent Variable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable.

    解説

  • 19

    Latent Content

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • According to Freud, the underlying meaning of a dream; believed that a dream's latent content functions as a safety valve.

    解説

  • 20

    Monism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The presumption that mind and body are different aspects of the same thing.

    解説

  • 21

    False Conscentious Effect

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share our beliefs and behaviors.

    解説

  • 22

    Plasticity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the brain's capacity for modification

    解説

  • 23

    REM Rebound

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep deprivation.

    解説

  • 24

    Barbituates

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Drugs that depress the activity of the CNS; reducing anxiety but imparing memory and judgement.

    解説

  • 25

    Sympathetic Nerve System

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The division of the autonomic nervous system that arouses the body, mobilizing its energy in stressful situations.

    解説

  • 26

    Amygdala

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • Limbic system component associated with emotion, particularly fear and anger

    解説

  • 27

    Hypothesis

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A testable prediction, often implied by a theory.

    解説

  • 28

    Independent Variable

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied.

    解説

  • 29

    Neuron

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.

    解説

  • 30

    Acetylcholine

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • A neutrotransmitter that enables learning and memory and also triggers muscle contraction.

    解説

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