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Nature, Nurture, and Human Diversity

カード 31枚 作成者: Anthony (作成日: 2013/11/29)

  • environment

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言語:

  • カード表 : 英語
  • カード裏 : 英語
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  • 1

    environment

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • every nongenetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the people and things around us

    解説

  • 2

    molecular genetics

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the subfield of biology that studies the molecular structure and function of genes

    解説

  • 3

    temperament

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a person's characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity

    解説

  • 4

    genome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the complete instructions for making an organism, consisting of all the genetic material in that organism's chromosomes

    解説

  • 5

    natural selection

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those that lead to increased reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations

    解説

  • 6

    role

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a set of expectations (norms) about a social position, defining how those in the position ought to behave

    解説

  • 7

    gender identity

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • one's sense of being male or female

    解説

  • 8

    heritability

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • The proportion of variation among individuals that we can attribute to genes. The ________ of a trait may vary, depending on the range of populations and environments studied.

    解説

  • 9

    behavior genetics

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior

    解説

  • 10

    gender schema theory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • theory that children learn from their cultures a concept of what it means to be male and female and that they adjust their behaviors accordingly

    解説

  • 11

    personal space

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the buffer zone we like to maintain around our bodies

    解説

  • 12

    interaction

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the effect of one factor (such as environment) depends on another factor (such as heredity)

    解説

  • 13

    gender role

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a set of expected behaviors for males and for females

    解説

  • 14

    gender typing

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role

    解説

  • 15

    fraternal twins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • twins who develop from separate eggs. They are genetically no closer than brothers and sisters, but they share a fetal environment

    解説

  • 16

    norm

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • an understood rule for accepted and expected behavior

    解説

  • 17

    culture

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next

    解説

  • 18

    individualism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • giving priority to one's own goals over group goals, and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications

    解説

  • 19

    x chromosome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the sex chromosome found in both men and women. females have two. Males have one.

    解説

  • 20

    testosterone

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the most important of the male sex hormones. Both males and females have it, but the additional _________ in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs in the fetus and the development of the male sex characteristics during puberty.

    解説

  • 21

    evolutionary psychology

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the study of the evolution of behavior and the mind, using principles of natural selection.

    解説

  • 22

    DNA

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes

    解説

  • 23

    gender

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • in psychology, the biologically and socially influenced characteristics by which people define male and female

    解説

  • 24

    collectivism

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • giving priority to the goals of one's group (often one's extended family or work group) and defining one's identity accordingly

    解説

  • 25

    chromosomes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes

    解説

  • 26

    y chromosome

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the sex chromosome found only in males. When paired with an X chromosome from the mother, it produces a male child.

    解説

  • 27

    genes

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes; a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a protein

    解説

  • 28

    social learning theory

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • the theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished

    解説

  • 29

    mutation

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • a random error in gene replication that leads to a change

    解説

  • 30

    identical twins

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • twins who develop from a single fertilized egg that splits in two, creating two genetically identical organisms

    解説

  • 31

    aggression

    補足(例文と訳など)

    答え

    • any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy

    解説

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